RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics

Created by: Abhishek Kapoor

Class 8 : RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

The document RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 8 Course RD Sharma Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics.
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Question 1: Verify commutativity of addition of rational numbers for each of the following pairs of rational numbers:

(i) -11/5 and 4/7

(ii) 4/9 and 7/-1249 and 7-12

(iii)  -3/5 and -2/-15

(iv) 2/-7 and 12/-35

(v) 4 and -3/5

(vi) -4 and 4/-7

Answer :Commutativity of the addition of rational numbers means that if a/b and c/d are two rational numbers, then a / b + c / d = / d + a / b .(i) 

We have -11/5 and 4/7.

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hence verified.(ii)   

We have 4/9 and 7/-12.

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hence verified. (iii)

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hence verified. (iv)

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hence verified. (v)

We have 4 and -3/5.

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hence verified. (vi) 

We have -4 and 4/-7

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Hence verified. 

Question 2: Verify associativity of addition of rational numbers i.e., (x + y) + z = x + (y + z), when:

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Answer : We have to verify that (x+y)+z = x+(y+z).

(i)  

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hence verified. (ii)

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev


RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hence verified. (iii)

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev


RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hence verified. (iv)

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev


RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev
RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev


RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Hence verified. 

Question 3: Write the additive inverse of each of the following rational numbers:

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Answer: 

(i)Additive inverse is the negative of the given number.So, additive inverse of −2/17 is 2/17. 

(ii) Additive inverse is the negative of the given number.So, additive inverse of 3/-11 is 3/11. 

(iii) Additive inverse is the negative of the given number.So, additive inverse of -17/5 is 17/5.

(iv) Additive inverse is the negative of the given number.So, additive inverse of  -11/-25 is -11/25.

Question 4: Write the negative (additive inverse) of each of the following:

(i) -2/5-25
 (ii) 7/-97-9
 (iii) -16/13
 (iv) -5/1
 (v) 0
 (vi) 1
 (vii) −1 

Answer : (i) Negative of −2/5 is 2/5.

(ii) Negative of 7/−9 is 7/9.

(iii) Negative of −16/13 is 16/13.

(iv) Negative of −5/1 is 5/1.

(v) Negative value of 0 is 0.

(vi) Negative of 1 is −1.

(vi) Negative of −1 is 1. 

Question 5: Using commutativity and associativity of addition of rational numbers, express each of the following as a rational number:

 RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Answer :

(i) We have:

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

= 24/15= 8/5

(ii) We have:

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

= -51/63= -17/21

(iii) We have:

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

= 37/15

(iv) We have:

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev 

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

= -86/63

Question 6: Re-arrange suitably and find the sum in each of the following:

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Answer : (i)

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

= -47/4

(ii)

 RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

= -77/18

(iii)

 RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev 

= 23/15

(iv)

 RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

= -25/104

(v) 

 RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

= 3/5

(vi)

  RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 1 - Rational Numbers (Ex - 1.2), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev

= 801/336

= 267/112

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