The document RD Sharma Solutions - Chapter 14 - Compound Interest (Part - 1), Class 8, Maths Class 8 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 8 Course RD Sharma Solutions for Class 8 Mathematics.

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**PAGE NO 14.4:**

**Question 1:**

**Find the compound interest when principal = Rs 3000, rate = 5% per annum and time = 2 years.**

**ANSWER:**

Principal for the first year = Rs 3,000

Interest for the first year = Rs

= Rs 150

Amount at the end of the first year = Rs 3,000 + Rs 150

= Rs 3,150

Principal for the second year = Rs 3,150

Interest for the second year = Rs

= Rs 157.50

Amount at the end of the second year = Rs 3,150 + Rs 157.50

= Rs 3307.50

∴ Compound interest = Rs(3,307.50 − 3,000)

= Rs 307.50

**PAGE NO 14.4:**

**Question 2:**

**What will be the compound interest on Rs 4000 in two years when rate of interest is 5% per annum?**

**ANSWER:**

We know that amount A at the end of n years at the rate of R% per annum is given by A = P(1 + R/100)^{n}.

Given:P = Rs 4,000

R = 5% p.a.

n = 2 years

Now,A = 4,000(1 + 5/100)²

= 4,000(1.05)²

= Rs 4,410

And,CI = A − P

= Rs 4,410 − Rs 4,000

= Rs 410

**PAGE NO 14.4:**

**Question 3:**

**Rohit deposited Rs 8000 with a finance company for 3 years at an interest of 15% per annum. What is the compound interest that Rohit gets after 3 years?**

**ANSWER:**

We know that amount A at the end of n years at the rate of R% per annum is given by A = P(1 + R/100)^{n}.

Given:P = Rs 8,000

R = 15% p.a.

n = 3 years

Now,A = 8,000(1 + 15/100)³

= 8,000(1.15)³

= Rs 12,167

And,CI = A − P

= Rs 12,167 − Rs 8,000

= Rs 4,167

**PAGE NO 14.4:**

**Question 4:**

**Find the compound interest on Rs 1000 at the rate of 8% per annum for 1.5 years when interest is compounded half-yearly.**

**ANSWER:**

Given:P = Rs 1,000

R = 8% p.a.

n = 1.5 years

We know that:A = P(1 + R/200)²^{n}

= 1,000(1 + 8/200)³

= 1,000(1.04)³

= Rs 1,124.86

Now,CI = A − P

= Rs 1,124.86 − Rs 1,000

= Rs 124.86

**PAGE NO 14.4:**

**Question 5:**

**Find the compound interest on Rs 160000 for one year at the rate of 20% per annum, if the interest is compounded quarterly.**

**ANSWER:**

Given:P = Rs 16,000

R = 20% p.a.

n = 1 year

We know that:A = P(1 + R/400)^{4n }

= 16,000(1 + 20/400)^{4}

= 16,000(1.05)^{4}

= Rs 19,448.1

Now,CI = A − P

= Rs 19,448.1 − Rs 16,000

= Rs 3,448.1

**PAGE NO 14.5:**

**Question 6:**

**Swati took a loan of Rs 16000 against her insurance policy at the rate of 12.5% per annum. Calculate the total compound interest payable by Swati after 3 years.**

**ANSWER:**

Given:P = Rs 16,000

R = 12.5% p.a.

n = 3 years

We know that:A = P(1 + R/100)^{n}

= 16,000(1 + 12.5/100)³

= 16,000(1.125)³ = Rs 22,781.25

Now, CI = A − P

= Rs 22,781.25 − Rs 16,000

= Rs 6,781.25

**PAGE NO 14.5:**

**Question 7:**

**Roma borrowed Rs 64000 from a bank for 1.5 years at the rate of 10% per annum. Compute the total compound interest payable by Roma after 1.5 years, if the interest is compounded half-yearly.**

**ANSWER:**

Given:P = Rs 64,000

R = 10% p.a.

n = 1.5 years

Amount after n years:

A = P(1 + R/200)²^{n }

= 64,000(1 + 10/200)³

= 64,000(1.05)³

= Rs 74,088

Now,CI = A − P

= Rs 74,088 − Rs 64,000

= Rs 10,088

**PAGE NO 14.5:**

**Question 8:**

**Mewa Lal borrowed Rs 20000 from his friend Rooplal at 18% per annum simple interest. He lent it to Rampal at the same rate but compounded annually. Find his gain after 2 years.**

**ANSWER:**

SI for Mewa Lal = PRT/100

= Rs 7,200

Thus, he has to pay Rs 7,200 as interest after borrowing.

CI for Mewa Lal = A − P

= 20,000(1 + 18/100)² − 20,000

= 20,000(1.18)² − 20,000

= 27,848 − 20,000

= Rs 7,848

He gained Rs 7,848 as interest after lending.

His gain in the whole transaction = Rs 7,848 − Rs 7,200

= Rs 648

**PAGE NO 14.5:**

**Question 9:**

**Find the compound interest on Rs 8000 for 9 months at 20% per annum compounded quarterly.**

**ANSWER:**

P = Rs 8,000

T = 9 months = 3 quarters

R = 20% per annum = 5% per quarter

A = 8,000(1 + 5/100)³

= 8,000(1.05)³

= 9,261

The required amount is Rs 9,261.

Now,CI = A − P

= Rs 9,261 − Rs 8,000

= Rs 1,261

**PAGE NO 14.5:**

**Question 10:**

**Find the compound interest at the rate of 10% per annum for two years on that principal which in two years at the rate of 10% per annum gives Rs 200 as simple interest.**

**ANSWER:**

SI = PRT100

Rs 1,000

A = P(1 + R/100)^{n }

= 1,000(1 + 10/100)²

= 1,000(1.10)² = Rs 1,210

Now,CI = A − P

= Rs 1,210 − Rs 1,000

= Rs 210

**PAGE NO 14.5:**

**Question 11:**

**Find the compound interest on Rs 64000 for 1 year at the rate of 10% per annum compounded quarterly.**

**ANSWER:**

To calculate the interest compounded quarterly, we have:

A = P(1 + R/400)^{4n }

= 64,000(1 + 10/400)^{4×1}

= 64,000(1.025)^{4 }

= 70,644.03

Thus, the required amount is Rs 70,644.03.

Now,CI = A − P

= Rs 70,644.025 − Rs 64,000

= Rs 6,644.03

**PAGE NO 14.5:**

**Question 12:**

**Ramesh deposited Rs 7500 in a bank which pays him 12% interest per annum compounded quarterly. What is the amount which he receives after 9 months.**

**ANSWER:**

Given:P = Rs 7,500

R = 12% p.a. = 3% quarterly

T = 9 months = 3 quarters

We know that:A = P(1 + R/100)^{n}

A = 7,500(1 + 3/100)³

= 7,500(1.03)³ = 8,195.45

Thus, the required amount is Rs 8,195.45.

**PAGE NO 14.5:**

**Question 13:**

**Anil borrowed a sum of Rs 9600 to install a handpump in his dairy. If the rate of interest is 5.5% per annum compounded annually, determine the compound interest which Anil will have to pay after 3 years.**

**ANSWER:**

A = P(1 + R/100)^{n }

= 9,600(1 + 5.5/100)³

= 9,600(1.055)³ = Rs 11,272.72

Now,CI = A − P

= Rs 11,272.72 − Rs 9,600

= Rs 1,672.72

**PAGE NO 14.5:**

**Question 14:**

**Surabhi borrowed a sum of Rs 12000 from a finance company to purchase a refrigerator. If the rate of interest is 5% per annum compounded annually, calculate the compound interest that Surabhi has to pay to the company after 3 years.**

**ANSWER:**

A = P(1 + R/100)^{n }

= 12,000(1 + 5/100)³

= 12,000(1.05)³ = 13,891.50

Thus, the required amount is Rs 13,891.50.

Now,CI = A − P

= Rs 13,891.50 − Rs 12,000

= Rs 1,891.50

P**AGE NO 14.5:**

**Question 15:**

**Daljit received a sum of Rs. 40000 as a loan from a finance company. If the rate of interest is 7% per annum compounded annually, calculate the compound interest that Daljit pays after 2 years.**

**ANSWER:**

A = P(1 + R/100)^{n}

= 40,000(1 + 7/100)²

= 40,000(1.07)²

= 45,796

Thus, the required amount is Rs 45,796.

Now,CI = A − P

= Rs 45,796 − Rs 40,000

= Rs 5,796