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Q1: Give the geometric representations of the following equations
(a) on the number line
(b) on the Cartesian plane:
(i) x = 2
(ii) y + 3 = 0
(iii) y = 3
(iv) 2x + 9 = 0
(v) 3x – 5 = 0
Ans :
(i) We are given, x = 2
The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.
The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing througlthe point (2, 0) is shown below
(ii) We are given, y + 3 = 0
We get, Y = 3
The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.
The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to x axis passing through the point A(0, —3) is shown below
(iii) we are given. y = 3
The representation of the solution on the number line. when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.
The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to x axis passing through the point (0, 3) is shown below
(iv) We are given, 2x +9 = 0
We get, 2x = 9 The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.
The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through the point ( 9/2,0) is shown below
(v) We are given, 3x —5 = 0
We get, 5 x = 3 The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.
The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing througlthe point (5,0) is shown below
Q 2 : Give the geometrical representation of 2x + 13 = 0 as an equation in
(i) one variable
(ii) two variables
Ans:
We are given,
2x +13 = 0
We get,
2x = 13
x = 13/2
The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.
The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through the point (13/2 , 0) is shown below.
Q3:. Solve the equation 3x + 2 = x – 8, and represent the solution on
(i) the number line
(ii) the Cartesian plane.
Ans : We are given,
3x + 2 = x – 8
we get,
3x – x = 8 – 2
2x = 10
x = 5
The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.
The representation Of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through the point (5, 0) is shown below
Q 4: Write the equation of the line that is parallel to xaxis and passing through the points
(i) (0,3)
(ii) (0, – 4)
(iii) (2,5)
(iv) (3,4)
Ans:
(i) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (0,3).
For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of x containing y equal to 3.
We get the equation as y = 3
(ii) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (0,4).
For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation Independent of x containing y equal to 4.
We get the equation as y = 4
(iii) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (2,5).
For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of x containing y equal to 5.
We get the equation as y = 5
(iv) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (3,4).
For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of x containing y equal to 4.
We get the equation as
y = 4
Q 5 : Write the equation of the line that is parallel to yaxis and passing through the Points
(i) (4,0)
(ii) (2,0)
(iii) (3,5)
(iv) ( 4, – 3)
Ans:
(i) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (4,0)
For the equation of the line parallel to y axis ,we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of y containing x equal to 4
We get the equation as y = 3
(ii) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (2,0) –
For the equation of the line parallel to y axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of y containing x equal to 2
We get the equation as y = 4
(iii) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (3,5)
For the equation of the line parallel to y axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of y containing x equal to 3
We get the equation as y = 5
(iv) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (4,3)
For the equation of the line parallel to y axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation independent of y containing x equal to 4
We get the equation as y = 4
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