Revision Notes (Part - 1) - Terms, Concepts and their Use in Sociology Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

Sociology Class 11

Humanities/Arts : Revision Notes (Part - 1) - Terms, Concepts and their Use in Sociology Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

The document Revision Notes (Part - 1) - Terms, Concepts and their Use in Sociology Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev is a part of the Humanities/Arts Course Sociology Class 11.
All you need of Humanities/Arts at this link: Humanities/Arts

PointsTo Remember

1. Social group refers to a collection of continuously interacting persons who share common interest; culture, values and norms within a given society.

2. Characteristics of social group

(a) Persistent interaction to provide continuity
(b) A stable pattern of these interactions
(c) A sense of belonging
(d) Shared interest
(e) Acceptance of common norms and values
(f) A definable structure

3. Individuals are a part of collective bodies like the family, tribe, caste, class, clan, and nation.

Features of Social Group:

  • Requirement of two or more individuals;
  • Persistent interaction to provide continuity is essential;
  • A stable pattern of these interactions;
  • A sense of belonging to identify with other members, shared interest;
  • Acceptance of common norms and values;
  • A definable structure;
  • Groups are dynamic in nature and not static. Some internal changes keep occurring whether they are family groups, friendship groups or caste groups etc.

Four basic systems of stratification have existed in human societies: slavery, caste, estate and class.

Revision Notes (Part - 1) - Terms, Concepts and their Use in Sociology Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

CASTECLASS
1. It depends on birth.  It depends on social circumstances.
2. It is closed group.If open group.
3. There is rigid rules in marriage, eating — habits etcThere is no rigidity,
4.  It is a permanent/stable organisation.It is less stable than the caste system.
5. t acts as an obstacle to Democracy and Nationalism.It does not create any obstacle to Democracy and Nationalism.

Social Group v/s Quasi Group

SOCIAL GROUPQUASI GROUP
  • Social group is a collection of continuously interacting persons who share common interest, culture, values and norms within a given society.
  • Quasi group/aggregates is a group of people who are at the same place at the same time but share no connection with each other and have no structure.
  • Social groups have sense of belongingness.
  • Quasi groups lack sense of belongingness.
  • E.g.:family, peers etc.
  • E.g.: Passengers standing on railway station

 

  • Types of social group:

(a) Primary and secondary group
(2) In group and society or association
(3) Community and society or association
(4) Reference group
(5) Peer group

  • Primary group refers to small group of people connected by intimate and face-to-face association and co-operation, for e.g. family, village and groups.
  • Secondary group is the group in which there is lack of intimacy, e.g., different political group, economic association etc.
  • Characteristic of primary group:
    (1) Small size of group
    (2) Physical proximity
    (3) Continuity and stability of relationship
    (4) General responsibility
    (5) Common-aim
     
  • Characteristic of secondary group:
    (1) Large size
    (2) Indirect relationship
    (3) Fulfilment of special interest
    (4) Limited responsibility
    (5) Impersonal relationship
     
  • Difference between In Group and Out Group:
In GroupOut Group
(1) "We feeling " exists.(1) Lack of "We feeling ".
(2) Face to face relationship .(2) No face to face
(3) Feeling of sacrifice and cooperation among members.(3) Lack of feeling of sacrifice and cooperation among members.
(4) Domestic and perfect relationship.(4) Working relationship and imperfect relationship .

 

  • Difference between Community and Society:
CommunitySociety
(1) It refers to human relation ships that are highly personal, in timate , enduring.(1) It refers to human relationships that are impersonal, superficial and transitory.
(2) It is a group of people who live to gether in a particular locality and share the basic conditions of a common life. To constitute a community the presence of sentiment among the members is necessary.(2) Society includes every relation which is established among the people. There is an element of likeness in society. But, it is not necessary that likeness should include the people in oneness, enemies can also beincluded in a society.
(3) It is a group of people living together in a particular locality.(3) Society has no definite boundary. It is universal and pervasive.
(4) Community is concrete .(4) Society is abstract.
(5) It is group of people living in a particular locality and having a feeling of oneness .(5) Society is a network of relationships which can not be seen or touched.
(6) We can see the group and locate its existence.(6) We can not see the group and locate its existence.
(7) E .g.: Hindu Community, Parsi Community etc.(7) E .g .: Arya Samaj Society , Harijan Society.

 

  • Difference between Community and Association:


Community

Association

(1) Community is a whole.

(1) Association is partial

(2) It is a natural growth.

(2) It is an artificial creation.

(3 It does not exist for the pursuit of specific interest.

(3) It is formed by individuals for the pursuit of their individual interest.

(4) Community embraces all purposes; it does not exist for a specific purpose.

(4) Significance of association for a person is so log as it serves their purpose.

(5) Membership of community is compulsory. We are born into it.

(5) Membership of association is voluntary. We choose our associations.

(6) Community sentiment is an essential feature.

(6) Community sentiment is not an essential feature.

(7) It is not a necessity to have office bearers who manage the affairs.

(7) It has got its office bearer to manage the affairs

(8) It works through customs & traditions.

(8) It works mostly through written laws and rules.

 

  • Community and Association:
 

Community

Society / Association

  • It refers to human relationship that are personal, intimate and enduring.
  • Person's involvement is total and relations are close knit.
  • It refers to human relationship that are impersonal, superficial and transitory.
  • Person's involvement is rational, calculating & purpose oriented.
  • Reference Groups:
There always exists a group which acts as a model for the individual or any group. This model group is treated as reference group. For instance a person/individual copies or emulates the life of any film actor or artist. Aggregates of people who are in the same place at the same time but share no definite connection with one another are termed as 'quasi groups'.
  • Peer Groups:
Peer group is a sort of primary group where members have come together to pursue a similar activity. Peer groups are usually of the same age. Classmates in a school, colleagues at office, co-participants in the aerobics classes, are all examples of peer groups.
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