1. Social group refers to a collection of continuously interacting persons who share common interest; culture, values and norms within a given society.
2. Characteristics of social group
(a) Persistent interaction to provide continuity
(b) A stable pattern of these interactions
(c) A sense of belonging
(d) Shared interest
(e) Acceptance of common norms and values
(f) A definable structure
3. Individuals are a part of collective bodies like the family, tribe, caste, class, clan, and nation.
Features of Social Group:
Four basic systems of stratification have existed in human societies: slavery, caste, estate and class.
|1. It depends on birth.||It depends on social circumstances.|
|2. It is closed group.||If open group.|
|3. There is rigid rules in marriage, eating — habits etc||There is no rigidity,|
|4. It is a permanent/stable organisation.||It is less stable than the caste system.|
|5. t acts as an obstacle to Democracy and Nationalism.||It does not create any obstacle to Democracy and Nationalism.|
Social Group v/s Quasi Group
|SOCIAL GROUP||QUASI GROUP|
(a) Primary and secondary group
(2) In group and society or association
(3) Community and society or association
(4) Reference group
(5) Peer group
|In Group||Out Group|
|(1) "We feeling " exists.||(1) Lack of "We feeling ".|
|(2) Face to face relationship .||(2) No face to face|
|(3) Feeling of sacrifice and cooperation among members.||(3) Lack of feeling of sacrifice and cooperation among members.|
|(4) Domestic and perfect relationship.||(4) Working relationship and imperfect relationship .|
|(1) It refers to human relation ships that are highly personal, in timate , enduring.||(1) It refers to human relationships that are impersonal, superficial and transitory.|
|(2) It is a group of people who live to gether in a particular locality and share the basic conditions of a common life. To constitute a community the presence of sentiment among the members is necessary.||(2) Society includes every relation which is established among the people. There is an element of likeness in society. But, it is not necessary that likeness should include the people in oneness, enemies can also beincluded in a society.|
|(3) It is a group of people living together in a particular locality.||(3) Society has no definite boundary. It is universal and pervasive.|
|(4) Community is concrete .||(4) Society is abstract.|
|(5) It is group of people living in a particular locality and having a feeling of oneness .||(5) Society is a network of relationships which can not be seen or touched.|
|(6) We can see the group and locate its existence.||(6) We can not see the group and locate its existence.|
|(7) E .g.: Hindu Community, Parsi Community etc.||(7) E .g .: Arya Samaj Society , Harijan Society.|
(1) Community is a whole.
(1) Association is partial
(2) It is a natural growth.
(2) It is an artificial creation.
(3 It does not exist for the pursuit of specific interest.
(3) It is formed by individuals for the pursuit of their individual interest.
(4) Community embraces all purposes; it does not exist for a specific purpose.
(4) Significance of association for a person is so log as it serves their purpose.
(5) Membership of community is compulsory. We are born into it.
(5) Membership of association is voluntary. We choose our associations.
(6) Community sentiment is an essential feature.
(6) Community sentiment is not an essential feature.
(7) It is not a necessity to have office bearers who manage the affairs.
(7) It has got its office bearer to manage the affairs
(8) It works through customs & traditions.
(8) It works mostly through written laws and rules.
Society / Association