Revision Notes (Part - 2) - Psychological Disorders Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

Psychology Class 12

Humanities/Arts : Revision Notes (Part - 2) - Psychological Disorders Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

The document Revision Notes (Part - 2) - Psychological Disorders Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev is a part of the Humanities/Arts Course Psychology Class 12.
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Words That Matter

  • Abnormal Psychology: Serenities study of abnormal behaviour. By using scientific Techniques, Psychology attempts to describe, explain and predict abnormal behaviour.
  • Anti-Social Behaviour: refers to any behaviour that is considered harmful or disruptive within a group or society. Aspects of behaviour such as aggression or deserimination would fall into this category.
  • Anorexia nervosa: Disorder involving severe loss of body weight, accompanied by an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming ‘fat’.
  • Anxiety: A state of psychic distress characterized by fear, apprehension, and physiological arousal.
  • Anxiety Disorders: Disorders in which anxiety is a central symptom. The disorder is characterized by feelings of vulnerability, apprehension, or fear.
  • Autism: Pervasive developmental disorder beginning in infancy and involving a wide range of abnormalities, including deficits in language, perceptual, and motor development, defective reality testing, and social withdrawal.
  • Delusions: Irrational beliefs that are held despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary.
  • De-institutionalisation: Movement whose purpose is to remove from care-giving institution such as large mental hospitals all those patients who do not present a clear danger to others or to themselves and to provide treatment sheltered living conditions for them in the community.
  • Depersonalization Disorder: Dissociative disorder in which there is a loss of the sense of self.
  • Diathesis-stress Model: A view that the interaction of factors such as biological predisposition combined with life stress may cause a specific disorder.
  • Dissociation: A split in consciousness whereby certain thoughts, feelings, and behaviour operate independently from others.
  • Exorcism: Religiously inspired treatment procedure designed to drive out evil spirits or forces from a ‘possessed’ person.
  • Eating disorders: A term which refers to a serious disruption of the eating habits or the appetite. The main types of eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Binge eating.
  • Genetics: A branch of Biology referring or relating to genes. Inherited genes are basic unit of inheritance.
  • Hallucination: A false perception which has a compulsive sense of the reality of objects although relevant and adequate stimuli for such perception is lacking. It is an abnormal phenomenon.
  • Hypochondriasis: A psychological disorder in which the individual is dominated by preoccupation with bodily processes and fear of presumed diseases despite reassurance from doctor that no physical illness exists.
  • Hyperactivity: Condition characterised by overactive, poorly controlled behaviour and lack of concentration.
  • Main symptom of ADHD: Severe and frequent problems of either or both attention to tasks or hyperactive and impulsive behaviour.
  • Mental retardation: Subnormal intellectual functioning associated with impairment in adaptive behaviour and identified at an early age.
  • Mood Disorder: Disorder affecting one’s emotional state, including depression and bipolar disorder.
  • Neurotransmitter: Chemicals that carry message across the synapse to the dendrite (and sometimes the cell body) of a receiver neurone.
  • Norms: A generalised expectation shared by most members of a group or culture that underlies views of what is appropriate within that group.
  • In terms of Psychological testing norms are standards of test performance that permit the comparison of one person’s score on the test to the scores of others who have taken the same test. This is the criteria to compare or typical score of an average group.
  • Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: A disorder characterised by obsession or compulsions.
  • Phobia: A strong, persistent. And irrational fear of some specific object or situation that presents little or no actual danger to a person.
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Patterns of symptoms involving anxiety reactions, tension, nightmares, and depression following a disaster such as an earthquake or a flood.
  • Schizophrenia: A group of psychotic reactions characterised by the breakdown of integrated personality functioning, withdrawal from reality, emotion blunting and distortion, and disturbances in thought and behaviour.
  • Somatoform disorder: Condition involving physical complaints or disabilities occurring in the absence of any identifiable organic cause.
  • Substance Abuse: The use of any drug or chemical to modify mood or behaviour that results in impairment.
  • Syndrome: Group or pattern of symptoms that occur together in a disorder and represent the typical picture of the disorder
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