Same Word Used As Different Parts of Speech (Part -3) - English Grammar Teaching Notes | EduRev

English Grammar

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Some Verbs Used With or Without Preposition

Allow The judge allowed the claim.
  The situation allows of no delay (admit of).
Begin I shall begin a new book.
  I wish it begin with the preface.
Believe I believe you.
  I believe in your honesty.
Consult I consult him in all my affairs. (seek his advice).
  I consulted with him about this point (discussed).
Count Carefully count the money at the counter.
  I count on your help (rely).
  Your gift counts for nothing (is worth).
Decide The judge decided the case.
  Let us decide on the policy we shall pressure (settle).
Dispense He dispensed his favours impartially (disturbed).
  I shall dispense with your services (dismiss you).
Eat I ate the bread you gave me (whole of it).
  I ate of the bread you gave me (part of it).
Fill He fills a responsible position in our office (occupies).
  They filled up the vacancy by promotion.
Finish Have you finished your work? (completed).
  We have finished with our opponents (totally defeated).
Gain You have gained a lot by this bargain (profited).
  The river is gaining on the land inch by inch (encroaching).
Meet I met him at the station (either accidentally or by arrangement).
  I met with him at the market (accidentally).
  Your efforts will meet with success (achieve).
Open Open the door.
  Open at page 10.
Repair They have decided to repair the machine (mend).
  They all repaired to  their respective places (went).
Search The police searched the arrested man (searched his person).
  The police searched for the absconder (to find out the absconder).
Send Please send him to me.
  I have sent for him (sent a message to come).
Shoot He shot a tiger (killed by shooting).
  He shot at the tiger (attempted to kill it by shooting).
Show He showed me his house (pointed out).
  He showed me round his house (took me round the house).
Suffer He suffered losses.
  I suffered from fever.
Touch He touched my head.
  He did not touch upon this point in his letter (mention).
Work He worked hard for his bread (laboured).
  He worked at the machine for six hours (ran).


Formation of Parts of Speech 

Verbs from Nouns

Nouns Verbs
act enact
advice advise
apology apologise
authority authorise
bath bathe
beauty beautify
bed embed
belief believe
black blacken
bliss bless
blood bleed
body embody
breath breathe
cage encage
calm becalm
camp encamp
case encase
centre concentrate
character characterise
circle encircle
class classify
cloth clothe
colony colonise
courage encourage
critic criticise
custom accustom
deity deify
economy economise
example examplify
food feed
force enforce
friend befriend
germ germinate
gold gild
company accompany
crime incriminate
cross crucify
danger endanger
dew dedew
electricity electrify
fame defame
fool befool
fraud defraud
fright frighten
glory glorify
grade degrade


Nouns from Verbs

Verbs Nouns
accept acceptance
allude allusion
assume assumption
attend attendance
bind bond
choose choice
conceal concealment
conquer conquest
laugh laughter
learn learning
maintain maintenance
deceive deception, deceit
defend defiance
deny denial
enter entry, entrance
exist existence
feel feeling
grieve grief
allow allowance
approve approval
attain attainment
behave behaviour
carry carriage
compel compulsion
concede concession
judge judgement
leak leakage
lose loss
marry marriage
decide decision
defy definance
destroy destruction
exceed excess
fail failure
fly flight
grow growth


Nouns from Adjectives

Adjectives Nouns
able ability
bankrupt bankruptcy
brief brevity
brutal brutality
anxious anxiety
martyr martyrdom
moist moisture
notorious notoriety
chaste chastity
curious curiosity
deep depth
accurate accuracy
brave bravery
broad breadth
certain certainty
audacious audacity
merry merriment
necessary necessity
noble nobility, nobleness
civil civility
decent decency
double duplicity
ferocious ferocity
free freedom
generous generosity
grave gravity
hostile hostility
fentile fentility
gay gaiety
grand grandeur
high height
hot heat


Adjectives from Noun

Nouns Adjectives
accident accidental
benefit beneficial
boy boyish
brute brutal
blood bloody, 
father fatherly
fire fiery
fool foolish
charity charitable
China Chinese
college collegiate
conscience conscientious
coward cowardly
custom customary
dew dewy
Asia Asiatic
bounty bountiful
brother brotherly
burden burdensome
body bodily, physical
fault faulty
force forcible
character characteristic
child childish,childlike
circle circular
commerce commercial
courage courageous
crime criminal
day daily
dog doggish


Verbs from Adjectives

Adjectives Verbs
able enable
bold embolden
cheap cheapen
clean cleanse
fine refine
fresh refresh
dear endear
dense condense
equal equalise
fat fatter
new renew
poor improverish
glad gladden
hard harden
just justify
bitter embitter
certain ascertain
civil civilise
dark darken
firm affirm
full fill
deep deepen
different differentiate
false falsify
fertile fertilise
noble ennoble
popular popularise
grave engrave
high heighten
large enlarge


Numerical Adjectives

Cardinal Ordinal
one first
three third
five fifth
seven seventh
nine ninth
twelve twelfth
two second
four fourth
six sixth
eight eighth
ten tenth

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