Class - IX
Social Science Theory
TIME: 3 Hrs.
General Instructions :
I. The question paper has 32 questions in all.
All questions are compulsory.
II. Marks are indicated against each question.
III. Questions from serial number 1 to 15 carry 1 mark each.
IV. Questions from serial number 16 to 25 carry 3 marks each. Answer to these questions should not exceed more than 80 words each.
V. Questions from serial number 26 to 31 carry 5 marks each. Answer to these questions should not exceed more than 120 words each.
VI. Question number 32 is a map question of 5 marks. After completion, attach the map to your answer sheet.
Q.1. The Kuki belong to the present state of :
(d) Arunachal Pradesh
Q.2. Some of the communities that specialized in weaving were:
(a) Tanti weavers of Bengal
(b) Julahas or Momin weavers of North India
(c) Sale and Kaikollar and Devangs of South India
(d) All of these
Q.3. In 1885, the Court of Directors sent Wood’s Despatch, which emphasised European learning benefits. Select the best option:
(1) It would introduce Indians to European ways of life.
(2) English education would change the tastes and desire of Indians.
(3) It would create a demand for British goods.
(4) It would supply the Company with civil servants.
(a) A, B, C
(b) B, C, D
(c) A, C, D
(d) A, B, C, D
Q.4. Madigas were an important untouchable caste of the present day’s:
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Andhra Pradesh
Q.5. By the late 18th century, Company was trying to expand the cultivation of:
(a) A, B
(b) B, C
(c) C, D
(d) A, C
Q.6. Mahatma Gandhi strongly felt that:
(1) Indian languages should be the medium of teaching.
(2) Western education was focused on reading and writing rather than oral knowledge.
(3) Students should learn handicraft.
(4) English education in India failed to communicate with the masses.
(a) A, B, C
(b) B, C, D
(c) A, B, C, D
(d) A, C, D
Q.7. Bhilai Steel Plant was set up with the assistance of:
Q.8. The resources whose quantities are known are called as:
(a) Renewable resources
(b) Ubiquitous resources
(c) Actual resources
(d) Natural resources
Q.9. What is the science of commercially breeding fish called?
Ans: Commercially breeding fish in specially constructed tanks and ponds is called pisciculture.
Q.10. Name the countries where the textile industry is concentrated?
Ans: The textile industry is concentrated in India, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan.
Q.11. The age group of 0 – 15 comes under which economic group?
(d) All of these
Q.12. Panchayati Raj is the ______________ tier of the government.
Q.13. What is Zero Hour?
Ans: Zero hours begins at 12 o’clock in the afternoon and after question hour.
Q.14. A Lok Adalat is generally presided over by the:
(a) Retired judge
(b) Governor of the state
(c) Chief Minister of the state
(d) Judge of the District Court
Q.15. What is the manual scavenging?
Ans: The practice of carrying human excreta in the basket on their heads by sweepers is known as manual scavenging.
Q.16. Explain the Doctrine of Lapse.
Ans: (i) The Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie.
(ii) According to this, if the ruler of a protected or dependent state died without a natural heir, his state would automatically lapse.
(iii) The victims of this doctrine were Satara (1848), Jaipur (1849), Sambalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi(1853) and Nagpur (1854).
Q.17. What were the major causes of the tribal revolt?
Ans: Major causes of the tribal revolt are listed below:
(i) Colonial policies.
(ii) Effect on joint ownership of their land.
(iii) Exploitation of forests by Dikus.
(iv) Cruel policies of the landlords and undesirable activities of the Christian missionaries.
Q.18. How did Pandita Ramabai help in the upliftment of miserable Hindu women?
Ans: Pandita Ramabai was a great scholar of Sanskrit and felt that Hinduism was oppressive towards women and wrote a book about the miserable conditions of upper-caste Hindu women. She founded a Widows’ Home at Poona to provide shelter to widows whose husband’s relatives had ill-treated. Here, women were trained so that they could support themselves financially.
Q.19. When was the Muslim league formed, and what were its demands?
Ans: (i) A groups of Muslim landlords and Nawabs formed the All India Muslim League at Dacca in 1906.
(ii) The league supported the partition of Bengal. It desired separate electorates for Muslims. The government conceded this demand in 1906.
Q.20. How are natural resources classified into different groups?
Ans: Natural resources are classified into different groups on a different basis.
(i) based on their level of development and use:
(a) Actual Resources
(b) Potential Resources
(ii) based on their origin:
(a) Abiotic Resources
(b) Biotic Resources
(iii) based on their distribution:
(a) Ubiquitous Resources
(b) Localised Resources
(iv) based on stock:
(a) Renewable Resources
(b) Non-renewable Resources.
Q.21. Explain any three measures to stop soil erosion.
Ans: The measures to stop soil erosion are:
(i) Terrace farming: In this type of farming, terraces are made on steep slopes to grow crops.
(ii) Shelterbelts: In an open or farmland, we make the shelter of trees along the side of farmland or an open land.
(iii) Contour ploughing: It means ploughing along the contours over the hill.
Q.22. Where was the first textile mill successfully set up in India? What was the reason for its success?
Ans: The first successful textile mill was set up in Mumbai in 1854. The reasons for its success were :
(i) This place has a warm and moist climate suitable for cotton textile.
(ii) The port was situated nearby for importing machinery, and the easy availability of raw material and skilled labour influenced the expansion of cotton textile in Mumbai.
Q.23. Point out the significance of Women Protection Law, 2006.
Ans: (i) It recognises women's right to live in a shared household.
(ii) The women can get a protection order against any further violence.
(iii) Women can get monetary relief to meet their expenses.
Q.24. How do fundamental rights ensure the cultural and religious freedom of minorities?
Ans: The minorities like Parsi, Muslims, Sikhs, etc., use the Fundamental Rights to secure themselves. They become the guardian of their cultural content and preserve it in the best way. The Constitution of India guarantees cultural justice to cultural, religious or linguistic minorities. The Constitution makes sure that no majority community will dominate or eliminate them. The Constitution provides them with the freedom to practice their religion.
Q.25. Why is the law to form worker unions/associations necessary?
Ans: The law to form worker unions/associations is necessary because by organising themselves into unions, workers can use their combined power to demand fair wages and better working conditions. The trade unions, through their leadership, bargain with the employers on behalf of union members who can negotiate labour contracts with their employers. The most common aim of these organisations is to maintain or improve their employment conditions.
Q.26. What are the events covered in the Modern History of India?
Ans: The events covered in the Modern History of India are :
(i) Establishment of company rule.
(ii) The set up of the British administration system, i.e., land revenue, economic policies, etc.
(iii) The first war of India’s independence—The Revolt of 1857.
(iv) End of the Mughal Empire.
(v) Direct control over India by the British Government.
(vi) The new socio-economic reform movement began in India.
(vii) The role of National leaders or era of rising of Nationalism.
(viii) Freedom Movement and Independence.
Q.27. Explain the changes introduced in the administrative set up of the British territories in India after the Revolt of 1857.
Ans: The changes introduced in the administrative set up of the British territories in India after the revolt of 1857 were:
(i) The East India Company’s rule was ended after the revolt.
(ii) The Indian territories came under the British Crown's direct control.
(iii) Queen Victoria became the Empress of India.
(iv) The company's power was transferred to a Cabinet Minister.
(v) The Governor-General was changed to Viceroy.
(vi) The Indian administration was run by the Viceroy on behalf of the British Crown.
Q.28. Write down the advantages of biogas as a source of energy.
Ans: The advantages of Biogas include:
(i) Shrubs, farm waste, animal and human waste are used to produce biogas for domestic consumption in rural areas.
(ii) Decomposition of organic matter yields gas, which has higher thermal efficiency than kerosene, dung cake and charcoal.
(iii) Gobar gas plants provide twin benefits to the farmers in energy and improved quality of manure.
(iv) Biogas is by far the most efficient use of cattle dung. It improves the quality of manure and also prevents the loss of trees.
Q.29. What are the main factors responsible for soil degradation?
Ans: The main factors responsible for soil degradation are:
(i) Landslides: It involves large-scale displacement of soil and rocks from the hilly areas leading to soil degradation in mountainous regions.
(ii) Rain wash: It includes washing up the topsoil in high precipitation areas.
(iii) Floods: Floods are another most important cause responsible for soil degradation in terms of quantity and quality.
(iv) Deforestation: Large-scale forest destruction by humans to fulfil their own needs is one of the major causes responsible for soil destruction.
(v) Overgrazing: It reduces the land's usefulness and is one of the causes of desertification and erosion.
(vi) Overuse of chemicals: Excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides to increase agricultural production is one of the major causes of soil pollution.
(vii) Urbanization: Large-scale urbanization is the major cause for the destruction of fertile soil due to the encroachment of fertile areas.
Q.30. Write a few lines on Right to Equality.
Ans: According to the Indian constitution, the Right to Equality means:
(i) Equality before law.
(ii) Equal protection of the law.
(iii) Prohibition on discrimination on the ground of religion, caste, race, gender or birth.
(iv) Equal access to shops, public restaurants, bathing ghats, etc.
(v) Equality of opportunity for all Indian citizens in employment matters.
(vi) Untouchability has been abolished, and its practice will be an offence punishable by the law.
(vii) The state shall not confer any title, except military and academic distinctions.
(viii) No citizen of India will accept any title from any foreign state. So, the ‘right to equality includes every aspect of human life. We can say it is right to prohibit discrimination on caste, religion, birth, gender or race. It contains a theme of an egalitarian society, in which all men are equal as per law and have equal opportunity to develop their personality and potential.
Q.31. Explain the role of the judge in the Indian Judicial Criminal System.
Ans: (i) The judge is like an umpire in a game and conducts the trial impartially and in an open court.
(ii) The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the prosecution and the defence.
(iii) The judge decides whether the accused person is guilty or innocent based on the evidence presented and by the law.
(iv) If the accused is convicted, then the judge pronounces the sentence.
(v) He may send the person to jail or impose a fine or both, depending on what the law prescribes.
Q.32. (i) On the given political map of India, mark any three major centres of the Revolt of 1857.
(ii) On the same map, mark any two major manganese - producing states.
Ans: (i) Three major centres of the Revolt of 1857 were Delhi, Lucknow and Patna.
(ii) Two major manganese - producing states are Maharastra and Karnataka.