Class - IX
Social Science Theory
TIME: 3 Hrs.
General Instructions :
I. The question paper has 32 questions in all.
All questions are compulsory.
II. Marks are indicated against each question.
III. Questions from serial number 1 to 15 carry 1 mark each.
IV. Questions from serial number 16 to 25 carry 3 marks each. Answer of these questions should not exceed more than 80 words each.
V. Questions from serial number 26 to 31 carry 5 marks each. Answer of these questions should not exceed more than 120 words each.
VI. Question number 32 is a map question of 5 marks. After completion, attach the map to your answer sheet.
Q.1. On 12 August 1765, the Mughal emperor appointed the........... as the Diwan of Bengal.
Ans: East India Company
Q.2. The important centres of Jamdani weaving in India were:
(1) Dhaka (Dacca)
(a) A, C
(b) A, B
(c) C, D
(d) B, D
Q.3. A Hindu College was established in _______ in _______ to encourage the study of ancient Sanskrit texts.
Ans: Banaras, 1791
Q.4. Sri Narayan Guru, in present day’s Kerala belonged to a low caste of:
Q.5. Mahalwari System of land revenue collection was not introduced in :
(b) North-West Provinces
(d) Delhi region
Q.6. Gandhiji was highly _______ of Western Civilisation.
Q.7. ____________ was the chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution.
Ans: Dr B R Ambedkar
Q.8. Complete the statement:
Biotic resources are .............
(a) Derived from living things
(b) Made by human beings
(c) Derived from non–living things
(d) Made by animals
Q.9. Which one of the following is known as a “paddy crop”?
Q.10. Osaka is an important textile center of _____________.
Q.11. Define sex ratio.
Ans: Sex ratio is the proportion of males and females in a given population. It is expressed in terms of females per 1000 males.
Q.12. The President of the Constitution Assembly was ________.
Ans: Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Q.13. Rajya Sabha is also called:
(b) House of People
(c) Council of States
(d) None of these
Q.14. The first Lok Adalat was held in the year:
Q.15. What is meant by ‘Dalit’?
Ans: The term Dalit which means broken, is used deliberately and actively by groups to highlight the centuries of discrimination people have experienced within the caste system.
Q.16. ‘‘Battle of Plassey is an important landmark in India’’. Comment on this statement.
Ans: (i) It marked the beginning of British rule in India.
(ii) The British got a foothold from where they were to conquer India's whole eventually.
Q.17. What did Birsa mean when he talked of a ‘Golden Age’?
Ans: Birsa meant by the ‘Golden Age’, a satyug (the age of truth). Mundas lived a good life at this age, constructed embankments, tapped natural springs, planted trees and orchards, and practised cultivation to earn their living. They did not kill their brothers and relatives. They lived honestly. Birsa also wanted people to work on their land once again, settle down, and cultivate their fields.
Q.18. Why were most parents apprehensive of sending their girls to schools in the earlier days?
Ans: Most parents were apprehensive of sending their girls to school because they feared that schools would take girls away from home and prevent them from performing their domestic duties. Moreover, girls had to travel through public places to reach school. Many people felt that this would have a corrupting influence on them. They felt that girls should stay away from public spaces.
Q.19. What was the result of the partition of Bengal?
Ans: The partition of Bengal infuriated people all over India:
(i) All Congress sections – the Moderates and the Radicals, as they were called, opposed it.
(ii) Large public meetings and demonstrations were organised, and novel methods of mass protest were developed.
(iii) The struggle that unfolded came to be known as the Swadeshi movement, strongest in Bengal but with echoes elsewhere. In deltaic Andhra, for instance, it was known as the Vandemataram Movement.
Q.20. Write down the six basic principles of sustainable development.
Ans: The six basic principles of sustainable development are :
(i) To respect and care for all forms of life.
(ii) To improve the quality of human life.
(iii) To conserve the earth’s vitality and diversity.
(iv) To minimise the depletion of natural resources.
(v) To change the personal attitude and malpractices towards the environment.
(vi) To encourage communities to care for their own environment.
Q.21. Name the nuclear power stations in India.
Ans: (i) Kalpakkam in Tamil Nadu.
(ii) Tarapur in Maharashtra.
(iii) Narora in Uttar Pradesh.
(iv) Ranapratap Sagar near Kota in Rajasthan.
Q.22. What factors contribute to the success of Tata Iron and Steel Company?
Ans: (i) TISCO is located in Sakchi, Jamshedpur and has many geographical benefits. This place is only 32 km away from Kalimati station on the Bengal—Nagpur railway line.
(ii) It is close to the iron ore, coal and manganese deposits and Kolkata, which provides a large market. TISCO gets coal from Jharia coalfields and iron ore, limestone, dolomite and manganese from Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
(iii) The Kharkai and Subarnarekha rivers ensure sufficient water supply.
Q.23. What are unpopular and controversial laws?
Ans: Unpopular laws: The laws which are constitutionally valid and hence legal but are unpopular and unacceptable to people because they feel that the intention behind them is unfair and harmful, e.g., Municipal laws.
Controversial laws: The laws which favour one group and disregard the other, leading to a conflict, are controversial.
Q.24. What has legal measure been taken by the Indian Government against the practice of untouchability?
Ans: (i) The practice of untouchability is a form of social discrimination against certain groups based on their castes. India has been a severe victim of this social evil for ages.
(ii) Framers of the Indian Constitution were unanimous on making a strong law to end this inhuman practice.
(iii) Article 17 of India's Constitution declares abolition of the practice of untouchability. By the Constitutional provisions, the Government of India has passed the Untouchability (Offences) Act, 1955 and later the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 eradicate caste-based discrimination and upliftment of the people belonging to deprived sections of the society.
(iv) The government has introduced the reservation system in educational institutes, government services and elected institutions.
Q.25. How is the life of thrown out factory workers?
Ans: The thrown out factory workers end up as small traders or daily-wages labourers. Some of them find work in smaller production units, where the work conditions are more exploitative, and the enforcement of laws is weaker.
Q.26. Describe how the Britishers started the essential procedure of writing the history.
Ans: (i) Literary sources prove to be most important in gaining knowledge about past events.
(ii) The Britishers laid the foundation of keeping records of every plan, policy, decision, instruction, agreement and treaty, etc.
(iii) They started preserving important written documents such as letters, memos, etc.
(iv) Record rooms were established across all the important offices in rural and urban areas.
(v) Later, archives and museums were established to protect these records and documents from being accessed in the future.
Q.27. What were the causes of the failure of the Revolt of 1857?
Ans: Following were the causes of the failure of the revolt :
(i) Revolt did not embrace the entire country. In the southern and most western Indian states, it could not even start.
(ii) Many local zamindars and Indian princes did not join the revolt.
(iii) The revolt was not supported by the educated Indians.
(iv) The rebellious soldiers had a lack of modern weapons and other war materials.
(v) The organisation of the rebel soldiers was fragile.
(vi) Modern concept of nationalism had not reached India at that time.
(vii) It broke out before the planned date.
Q.28. Classify the power resources briefly.
Ans: Power resources can be classified as Conventional resources: Include power resources common in use for a long time.
For example, Firewood, hydel power, coal.
Non-Conventional resources: Include those not so common in use but can be used as alternate resources.
For example, solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy.
Q.29. Explain the climatic conditions and types of soil for growing wheat briefly. In which countries it is mainly grown? What is its distribution pattern in India?
Ans: The climatic conditions required for wheat cultivation are:
(i) It grows well in the areas where the moderate type of precipitation occurs.
(ii) In the growing season, the climate should be cool and moist and warm, and it should be dry at the time of ripening.
The types of soil in which wheat can grow best are:
(i) It is grown in well-drained alluvial soil.
(ii) Wheat grows well in a fertile loamy soil.
(iii) Medium and heavily textured with lime content soil is good for wheat growth.
Distribution of Wheat:
It is mainly grown in Australia, Argentina, China, India, Russia, Ukraine and the USA.
In India, wheat is grown in the winter season, in north-western, north and central areas. Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Bihar are the main wheat producers.
Q.30. How can you differentiate Indian Secularism from the rest of the world?
Ans: (i) In India, the objectives for secularism laid down by India's Constitution are the same on some points, but the major difference we find is the clause of State intervention in religious affairs.
(ii) This clause allows the State to deal with any issue related to religion, which affects a society broadly.
(a) Indian Constitution intervened in Hindu religious practices to abolish untouchability.
(b) In India, the Fundamental Rights are based on secularism.
Q.31. How is the independence of the judiciary implemented?
Ans: There are three government organs in our country that include—legislature, executive and judiciary. At the same time, there is the separation of powers which ensures the independence of the judiciary in the following ways:
(i) This means that other branches of the State—like the legislature and the executive—can not interfere in the judiciary's work.
(ii) The courts are not under the government and do not act on their behalf.
(iii) It is also crucial that all judges in the High Court, as well as the Supreme Court, are appointed with very little interference from other branches of government.
(iv) It is the judiciary's independence that allows the courts to play a central role in ensuring that there is no misuse of power by the legislature and the executive.
(v) It also plays a crucial role in protecting citizens' Fundamental Rights because the citizens can approach the court if they believe that their rights have been violated.
Q.32. (i) On India's given political map, mark the two major centres of chintz weaving in the late 18th century.
(ii) On the same map, mark any three major mica - producing states.
Ans: (i) Two chintz - producing regions during the British period was Ahmedabad and Calcutta.
(ii) Three major mica - producing states are Rajasthan, Bihar and Jharkhand.