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English Class 9

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Class 9 : Notes | EduRev

The document Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 9 Course English Class 9.
All you need of Class 9 at this link: Class 9

Section -A

Q.1. Read the passage carefully and answer the following questions carefully :
A debit card (also known as a bank card or check card) is a plastic card that provides the cardholder electronic access to his or her bank account at a financial institution. Some cards have a stored value with which a payment is made while most relay a message to the cardholder’s bank to withdraw funds from a designated account in favour of the payee’s designated bank account.
India is the second fastest growing market for financial cards in the Asia-Pacific region. There are two kinds of debit cards. All debit cards have personal identification numbers for ATM use. Some require that you type in your secret PIN not just at ATMs but even at retail outlets on to a hand-held device known as EDC, or electronic data capture machine after your card is swiped in it. Such cards that always require the PIN are m u c h safer because even if they are lost or stolen, thieves cannot use them unless they know the PIN .
With most of the other debit cards (where a PIN is not required for shopping) merchants are expected to verify signatures, just as with credit cards. If some body misuses your debit card, complain to the card issuing bank. If that does not help even after 30 days, write to the banking ombudsman in your area. Very often account holders get fraudulent e-mails asking for bank numbers or other debit card details like the PIN. Such e-mails will just look like proper letters from the bank and may bear the bank’s logo.
Some retail outlets, before you key in your debit card PIN, ask: you for the PIN in order to key it themselves, usually for your own convenience, but you never know. Leave your debit card safely locked at home when travelling and use only your credit car’d. When you use your debit  card make sure it is never out of your sight. A thief who obtains or clones a debit card along with its PIN may be able to clean out the consumer’s bank account and the consumer will have no recourse.

On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any eight of the following questions briefly :
(a) A plastic card that provides a cardholder access to his or her bank account is
(b) Most cards relay a message to the cardholder’s bank to withdraw funds from a ___________
(c) The second fastest growing market for financial cards in Asia-Pacific region i s _______________
(d) There are_______________kinds of debit cards.
(e) Why are cards which require a PIN safer ?
(f) Mention any two advantages of a debit card.
(g) What is EDC ?
(h) What can a thief who obtains a debit card, do ?
(i) The opposite of fraudulent is ______________ .
(1) counterfeit
(2) forged
(3) phony
(4) authentic
Ans.
(a) debit card
(b) designated account
(c) India
(d) two
(e) Cards which require a PIN are safer because even if they are lost or stolen, thieves cannot use them unless they know the PIN.
(f) Two uses are that you can use them at retail outlets for shopping and also to withdraw funds from your designated account.
(g) EDC is a hand held device used at retail outlets. You can swipe your debit card in the device for the purpose of payment to the retailer.
(h) A thief who obtains a debit card can clone it with its PIN and can easily clean out the consumer’s bank account and the consumer is left with no recourse.
(i) (4) authentic

Q.2. Read the passage given below carefully and answer the questions that follow.
1. Travelling plays an important role in our education. The terms 'travelling' and 'education' cannot be alienated from each other. Our education remains incomplete without travelling.
2. 'Travelling' means going from one place to other places. In ancient times, travelling was very difficult and risky because there were no proper roads and transports. A traveller had to pass hills and forests. He had to face the fury of nature, wild beasts, robbers and many other obstacles.
3. Travelling also removes the narrowness and superstitions of man. It makes a traveller smart and self-reliant. Owing to the fabulous progress in the field of communication, travelling today involves less hazards. Hence, students must take part in educational tours. It is both entertaining and instructive for them.
4. Travelling is now regarded as an important part of education. An educational tour increases our knowledge and new thoughts and ideas grow up in us. The education of man remains incomplete if he does not visit important places of the world. Reading of books only provides man with half knowledge. But, travelling with eyes wide open and mind fully active gives him full knowledge.
5. The education of a student remains incomplete without travelling. Educational institutions and tourist bureaus often arrange study tours at affordable rates. Many schools and colleges arrange visits to places that are of geographical or historical importance. Visits to historical places give students a practical insight of the past events. After visiting these historical places, when these students read about those places or events, they are able to fully understand the subject.
6. It is very difficult to understand the nature of various types of soils, forests etc. simply by reading textbooks. Travel to places of geographical importance also helps a student to grasp the depth of the subject.
7 It has been observed that in cities, students are travelling twice a year either with their respective school/ college or with their parents or friends, because there is no financial problem with them. However, students of village schools are deprived of such travel for want of money. Government should look into the matter and make arrangement for educational tours in village schools.
A. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer the following questions in 30-40 words each.
(i) How does travelling educate a person?
(ii) What is travelling according to the author?
(iii) What are the advantages of travelling given in the passage?
(iv) An educational tour help a student. Justify.
B. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer of the following.
(i) Which word in ‘para 2’ is a synonym of 'anger'?
(ii) Find out the word opposite in meaning of ‘reinforcements’ in 'para 2’.
(iii) What does the word ‘insight’ mean as used in 'para 5'?
(a) Intuitive perception and understanding
(b) To look into something
(c) To see well with the eyes
(d) A visionary approach
(iv) Which word in 'para 7' will be opposite in meaning of the word 'well-to-do'?
(a) Deprived
(b) Self-reliant
(c) Fury
(d) Incomplete
Ans.
A. (i) Travelling helps in educating a person by increasing his knowledge so that new thoughts and ideas grow up in him. it makes a traveller smart and self-reliant.
(ii) According to the author, travelling means going from one place to other places, making the traveller acquainted with new things. It removes the narrowness and superstitions of the person who travels.
(iii) The advantages of travelling are that it is both entertaining and instructive for students. Reading books only provides part knowledge but travelling with eyes wide open and mind fully active gives full knowledge.
(iv) An educational tour helps in increasing a student’s knowledge and ideas. Travelling makes a person alert and competent to understand the geographical or historical importance of a place.
B. (i) The word ‘fury’ is a synonym of 'anger'
(ii) 'obstacles’
(iii) (a) 'Intuitive perception and understanding’
(iv) (a) ‘Deprived’

Section - B

Q.3. Your friend was quite demotivated after getting low grades in his exams. He didn’t feel like studying and went in depression. Seeing his condition you decide to write an article on the importance of positive thinking, how the power of positive thinking can improve one’s life, ensure happiness, health and successful results.

Hints : Positive thinking - reduces stress Do not develop self-pity Sports, yoga - help in balancing the thoughts.

Ans.

Positive Thinking 

There are two kinds of people - pessimists and optimists. A person with a positive attitude is an optimist. The power of positive thinking is immense. It is seen that those who are positive have fewer health problems than pessimists. Optimism helps adapt one to a changed situation in life, easily. It gives one the ability to find solutions even when situations are adverse. A positive attitude gives one the strength to fight problems and does not let a person fall into the trap of self pity and depression. It helps reduce stress. A positive attitude enables a person to look at the bright side of things. He looks at the silver lining in a dark: cloud. On the other hand, a negative person sees only the dark clouds. Thus, it is important to have a positive attitude in life to remain healthy, mentally and physically. For developing a positive attitude one should involve oneself in sports and yoga. Both help maintain balance in life and nurture positive feelings.
Or
You happened to see a serious road accident in which two motorcyclists were killed. This shocked you emotionally as hardly anyone stopped to provide some help to the victims. You called up the police at 100 when the people showed up indifferent attitude to the victims. Express your feelings in about 100-120 words in the form of a diary entry.
Ans. 
10th July, 20....
Dear Diary
Today, My heart is heavy with grief. I have just seen a road accident in which two motorcyclists were killed. The indifference shown by all the passersby has shocked me. I tried to stop two cars but they refused to help. There was heavy traffic on the road, I could do nothing to help them except call the police. The police arrived after 20 minutes. By the time they came the two had bled to death. The golden hour was lost and so were two precious lives If only someone had the decency to stop and take them to the nearby hospital, they could have, perhaps, survived. But, Alas What I saw was the limit of insensitivity!
What will happen to their family members when they get the terrible news of their death!!! May God give their family members the strength to bear this loss!
Nimit

Q.4. Write a story in 150-200 words based on the visual given below using your own creativity.
 Notes | EduRev
Ans.
One night I was sitting beside my bedroom window. Suddenly, I saw a bright spot in the sky which was drawing nearer and nearer. When it came very near my home, I saw that it was a bright spacecraft like an overturned saucer floating across the sky. As I watched, the object came lower and slowly landed in my garden. Soon, the door of the spacecraft opened and a few tiny stick-like figures emerged.
I was completely numb with amazement. These odd creatures were carrying gadgets which I had never seen. They walked about the garden, collecting samples of grass, flowers, insects and leaves, finally making their way back towards the spaceship. I quickly took some photos of them with my cellphone camera to share with my friends.
I could not hear them speak. The only sound they made was like the chirping of a bird. Soon they had all entered the spacecraft. Its door closed and a few moments later, the spacecraft was airborne again, leaving only a circular, burnt mark on the grass as a sign of its ever having come here. The spacecraft left as silently as It had come. When I went through the photos I had taken, not a single photo showed anything at all. I was totally confused and saddened that I did not have evidence of what i had witnessed first hand
or
Given below are some clues. Based on these clues develop a short story in 150-200 words

Kevin eagerly waiting for holidays — one cousin visits him — does many stupid things —  helps in tracing stolen stamp album — both Kevin and Max rewarded by the police — Kevin happy with his cousin

Ans. Kevin’s exams were over and he was eagerly looking forward to his holidays. Suddenly, the doorbell rang and one of his cousins named Max, who was known to be very careless and destructive, entered. He announced to Kevin, "I have come to stay here for the holidays." saying this, he jumped on Kevin’s bed and damaged his crayons. Kevin was now sure his holidays were going to be spoiled. That evening there was a news item regarding the worid famous Dick Brown’s stamp album being stolen. The announcer warned all stamp collectors to keep their stamp albums safe.
Kevin’s stamp album was with one of his friends, so he decided to get it back and keep it safely. He could not get time earlier to do so. Thus, he decided to send Max to collect the album from his friend. Kevin gave Max the address of his friend. Max soon came back with the album. When Kevin checked, he found that it was not his album; instead, it contained many valuable stamps. Kevin felt that it must be the stolen album that belonged to Dick Brown. Kevin contacted the police and informed them about the album. Kevin and Max were both rewarded for having found Dick Brown’s album. Kevin became happy with Max after this. However, the mystery remained about how Dick Brown’s album reached Kevin’s friend.

Q.5. Complete the following passage by choosing the most appropriate options from the ones given below. Write your answers in the answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the entire passage.
Los Angeles' architect, Frank Gehry is well known (a) ......... his striking and inventive creations. For Bilbao, he had designed a truly iconic building that now (b) ............ the city on postcards (c) ............ photographs around the world. He was (d) ................. extraordinary architect.
(a) (i) about
(ii) on
(iii) because
(iv) for
(b) (i) represents
(ii) represent
(iii) represented
(iv) representing
(c) (i) on
(ii) and
(iii) with
(iv) from
(d) (i) a
(ii) an
(iii) the
(iv) within
Ans.
(a) (iv) for
(b) (i) represents
(c) (ii) an
(d) (ii) an

Q.6. In the following passage one word has been omitted in each line against which a blank is given. Write the missing word along with the word that comes before and the word that comes after it in the space provided.
Aboard steamer, my ideas
began change. I thought that I should not
take meat as had promised my mother
before she consented my departure. I
kept my promise
 Notes | EduRev
Ans.

 Notes | EduRev

Q.7. Rearrange the following words or phrase to form meaningful sentences.
(a) old/people/a/we/acceptability/feeling/should/give/of
(b) consume/carbon/is/the/dioxide/plants/food/that
(c) feared/snakes/and/by/in/our/are/worshipped/many/country
(d) a book worm/is not/much useful/be/to/it
Ans.
(a) We should give old people a feeling of acceptability.
(b) Carbon dioxide is the food that plants consume.
(c) Snakes are worshipped and feared by many in our country.
(d) it is not much useful to be a book worm.

Section - C

Q.8. Read the following extract and answer any one of the following questions given below :
This was hardly what I intended. What I had meant, of course, was, that I should boss the job, and that Harris and George should potter about under my directions, I pushing them aside every now and then with, "Oh, you!" "Here, let me do it." "There you are, simple enough!" — really teaching them, as you might say. Their taking it in the way they did irritate me. There is nothing does irritate me more than seeing other people sitting about doing nothing when Tm working.
Questions : (а) The author had not intended to ___________.
(b) He had intended to__________.
(c) “Here let me do it ” What does it refer to ?
(d) The author is irritated because Harris and George____________.
(i) are not doing their job properly
(ii) are messing things up
(iii) are not good learners
(iv) are doing nothing
Ans.
(а) pack
(b) boss the job
(c) It refers to teaching them how to pack
(d) (iv) are doing nothing
Or
The snake trying
to escape the pursuing stick,
with sudden curvings of thin
long body. How beautiful
and graceful are his shapes!
He glides through the water away
from the stroke.
Questions : (a) The snake is trying to escape from ____________ .
(b) _______________looks beautiful and graceful.
(c) Where does the snake go and why ?
(d) Who is hitting the snake ?
(i) A child
(ii) A man
(iii) The poet
(iv) A woman
Ans. 
(a) being hit by a stick
(b) The snake
(c) The snake glides through the water
(d) (ii) A man

Q.9. Answer any five of the following questions in 30-40 words each.
(i) Where did the two roads diverge? What was the difficulty?
(ii) What was Einstein's 'Special Theory of Relativity' about?
(iii) What kind of place was made for Baba (Bruno) at the author's house?
(iv) Explain the secret of Santosh Yadav's success.
(v) In what way is Iswaran an asset to Mahendra?
(vi) What did Sue try to do to make Johnsy cheerful?
Ans. 
(i) The two roads diverged in a forest. The author was in the dilemma of making a choice. The author found it difficult to decide which road to take to reach his destination.
(ii) Einstein’s ‘Special Theory of Relativity’ was about the relation between mass and energy. According to it, time and distance are not absolute. Two perfectly accurate clocks will not show the same time if they come together after a journey.
(iii) An island was made for Baba at the author’s house. It was surrounded by a dry pit, A wooden box was placed in the island for Baba to sleep at night. Things Baba played with were also kept in the island.
(iv) Santosh Yadav was a lady of strong will power, great physical endurance and extraordinary mental toughness, Her single-minded determination and ded ication helped her overcome all the hurdles to emerge as a winner. She was a true hard worker and sincere lady who never gave up her dreams.
(v) Iswaran is an asset to Mahendra because he do many things for him. He cooks for him, washes his clothes and chats with him at night. He also tries to entertain Mahendra by narrating stories to him.
(vi) Sue talked about clothes and fashions to Johnsy to make her cheerful. She also started painting in Johnsy’s room and whistled while working to take Johnsy mind off her illness and make her interested in things

Q.10. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words :
Why do you think it was an easy task for the wise guru to evade the execution and gain freedom in the kingdom of fools ? Elucidate in about 100-150 words.
OR
Prashant acted as a hero and proved himself as a natural leader. Explain.
Ans.
Value Points: 

  • his presence of mind 
  • lack of commonsense in the kingdom 
  • no respect for human right/citizenship

Or
Value Points: 

  • a true lea der 
  • dedicated worker 
  • a very organised person with excellent managerial skills 
  • helpful in nature :

Q.11. Answer any one of the following questions in 100-150 words.
Write a brief character sketch of the Happy Prince.
Ans.
As the name of the story 'The Happy Prince’ shows,he was really a happy prince till his death. When he died his statue was placed on a tall column so that he could understand the sufferings of his people. He had a deep feeling for them in his heart and became sad and emotional after seeing their sufferings.
He wished to help them but was unable to do so. When he was alive, he was very much unaware of his people’s sufferings and sorrows. But, after his death, he got to know about their misery and sorrows as he was mounted on a tall column.
He tried to help them by asking the Swallow to do so. He was very much kind and self-sacrificing, hence he gave away all the jewels and gold leaf to the needy and poor of his city. By this he became happy again even after his death.
or
The fire weaved a web of hardships and difficulties around the author and his family in the chapter 'A House is not a Home'. Explain.
Ans. 
Hardships are a part of one’s life as no one remains unaffected by it. As mentioned in the story ‘A House is not a Home’, the fire destroyed the author’s house completely causing immense loss of wealth and belongings. The author also lost his pet cat, Due to destruction of money, credit cards, identity proofs in the fire, his mother not only had to borrow money from his grandparents but also had to take shelter at their home.
The author lost his personal belongings like school bag, notebooks and homework. He was forced to go to school without essential school material. He even borrowed shoes from his aunt to attend the school. All of these things were like a mental trauma for him.
But gradually, he learned to come to terms with all this, realising that hardships and difficulties are part of life'. Only perseverance and determination can help one overcome hardships. “Stay firm and move on as there comes morning after every night’’ seems to be the message of this story.

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