Scanner - Principles of Management Commerce Notes | EduRev

Business Studies (BST) Class 12

Commerce : Scanner - Principles of Management Commerce Notes | EduRev

The document Scanner - Principles of Management Commerce Notes | EduRev is a part of the Commerce Course Business Studies (BST) Class 12.
All you need of Commerce at this link: Commerce

(Q1) Which principle of Taylor suggests that the job performed should be based on scientific inquiry and not on intuition? Name and explain in brief the principle.

(CBSE, All India Compt. 2005)

Ans. Principle of Science not Rule of Thumb'.

 

(Q2) Which principle is being overlooked by Mohan, a manager, in the following cases:

  1. He expects his subordinates to adapt to new environments and working conditions without giving them time to settle down.
  2. He expects his subordinates to work for the happiness and pleasure of being in the organisation.
  3. He does not distribute the work amongst his subordinates, either according to capability or proportionately.                                                                                (CBSE All India 2007)
  4. He is very lax (careless) with his fellow employees and subordinates. He does not give them parameters or rules for reporting to work and completion of assignments.
  5. He often speaks to people at all levels, passing on instructions regarding his department and also other departments.
  6. He neither has a system of keeping his equipment nor people at a prescribed place.

(CBSE, Foreign 2007)

(vii) He expects his colleagues to get work out of subordinates without giving them any    powers.                                                                                            (CBSE, Foreign 2007)

(viii) He expects his colleagues to get workout of subordinates and yet has a differential treatment for each person.                                                                   (CBSE, Foreign 2007)

 

Ans. (i) Stability of Personnel; (ii) Remuneration of Employees; (iii) Division of Work; (iv) Discipline; (v) Scalar Chain; (vi) Order; (vii) Authority and Responsibility; (viii) Equity

 

(Q3) Name and explain the principle of management:

  1. In which workers should be encouraged to develop and carry out their plans for improvements in the organisation.                                                      (CBSE, All India 2010)
  2. Which requires judicious application of penalties by the management. (CBSE, Delhi 2010)
  3. Which points out the danger and costs of unnecessary labour turnover.
  4. Which aims at securing the loyalty and devotion of the employees by giving them kind, fair and just treatment.                                                                                               (CBSE, Foreign 2004)

(v) Which says: “We should not have multiple bosses, as it will lead to divided responsibility'.

Ans. (i) Initiative; (ii) Discipline; (iii) Stability of Personnel; (iv) Equity; (v) Unity of Command. For the explanation, discuss the respective principles.

 

(Q4) Name and explain the technique of scientific management which:

(i) Helps in establishing interchangeability of manufactured parts and products.

(ii) Helps in eliminating unnecessary diversity of products and thus results in saving Cost.

(iii) Is an extension of the principle of division of work and specialisation.

Ans. (i) Standardisation; (ii) Simplification of work; (iii) Functional foremanship;

 

(Q5) The principles of management are not rigid prescriptions. What does this highlight about the nature of principles of management?                                                                               (CBSE, 2010)

Ans. Principles of management are flexible.

 

(Q6) “Workers should be encouraged to develop and carry out their plans for development." Identify the principle of management formulated by Fayol.                                      (CBSE, 2010)

Hint: Principle of initiative

 

(Q7) What does the principle of Initiative' indicate?                                                      (CBSE, 2012)

Ans. The principle of Initiative indicates that the subordinates should been encouraged to make and execute plans within the prescribed limits of authority

 

(Q8) Name the scientific management which helps in stablishing interchange ability of manufactured parts and products

Ans. Standardisation of work

 

(Q9) Which technique of scientific management aims at elimination of superfluous varieties, sizes and dimensions of the product?                                                                                               (CBSE, 2010)

Ans. Simplification of work

 

(Q10) Why did Taylor introduce Differential piecewage system?                               (CBSE, 2009)

Ans. (i) To differentiate between efficient and inefficient workers. (ii) To reward efficient workers.

 

(Q11) Which principle of scientific management suggests the introduction of scientific investigation and analysis of management practices:                                                          (CBSE, 2011)

 Ans. Science, not rule of thumb

 

(Q12) Different techniques were developed by Taylor to facilitate principles of scientific management. One of them is ‘Fatigue Study’. What is the objective of this study? (CBSE, 2010)

Ans. Fatigue study seeks to determine the amount and frequency of rest intervals in completing a task.

 

(Q13) What is the objective of “Time Study”?                                                                  (CBSE, 2010)

Ans. The objective of time study is to determine the number of workers to be employed, frame suitable schemes and determine labour costs.

 

(Q14) What is determined by “Time-Study”?                                                                   (CBSE, 2014)

Ans. Time study determines the standard time taken to perform a well- defined job.

 

(Q15) What is the objective of ‘Method Study’ as a technique of scientific management?

Ans. The objective of method study is to find out one best way of doing the job.    (CBSE, 2014)

 

(Q16) Name the technique of scientific management which is the strongest motivator for a worker to reach standard performance.                                                                                            (CBSE, 2012)

Ans. Differential piece wage system

 

(Q17) D & D Ltd. Co. is a large manufacturing unit. Recently the company had conducted the time' and ‘motion' studies and concluded that on an average, a worker could produce 120 units per day. However, it has been noticed that average daily production of a worker is in the range of 80-90 units. What steps will you suggest to ensure that the actual performance is in accordance with the performance as per time and motion studies?              

(CBSE, All India Comptt. 2008)

Ans. The following steps can be taken: (i) Eliminate unnecessary movements in doing a work; (ii) Conduct' Fatigue study' and provide rest intervals to employees so as to enable them to regain lost stamina; (iii) Use Differential piece wage system’ in which efficient and inefficient workers are paid at different rates. It will motivate the workers to put in their maximum efforts.

 

(Q18) What is meant by ‘Principles of Management?

(CBSE, All India 2008, Delhi 2011, All India 2013)

Ans. Principles of Management are broad and general guidelines for decision making and behaviour of managers.

 

(Q19) “The Principles of Management are different from those used in pure science." Write any one difference.                                                                             (CBSE, Sample Paper 2010)

Ans. Principles of management are less rigid as compared to principles of pure sciences because management principles deal with human behaviour which is not static.

 

(Q20) Give anyone difference between management principles and management techniques. 

Ans. Management Principles are guidelines to take decisions, whereas management techniques are procedures involving series of steps to be taken to achieve desired goals.

 

(Q21) Give anyone reason why principles of management do not provide readymade solution to all managerial problems.                                                                                             (CBSE Delhi 2010)

Ans. Principles of management do not provide readymade solution to all managerial problems because principles provide general guidelines to managers, whereas, real business situations are very complex and dynamic.

 

(Q22) State how the management principles are flexible ?                 (CBSE, Delhi 2008, 09)

Ans. Principles of Management are called flexible as they have to be modified as per changes in the business environment.

 

(Q23) Give any one reason why principles of management are not rigid prescriptions.

(CBSE, Delhi 2010)

Ans. Principles of management are not rigid prescriptions because they can be modified according to the needs of the situation.

 

(Q24) What is meant by Universal applicability' of principles of management? (CBSE, Delhi 2011)

Ans. Management Principles are said to be universal because these are applicable in all types of organisations, at all levels, and at all times.

 

(Q25) Give any one reason why principles of management are called ‘contingent'.

(CBSE, Delhi 2010)

Ans. Principles of management are called contingent because the application of principles has to be changed according to the prevailing situation at a particular point of time.

 

(Q26) How have the management principles been derived?                          (CBSE, All India 2008)

Ans. Management principles have been derived

  • By observation and experimentation.
  • Personal Experience of managers

 

(Q27) Give any one reason why management principles are required.                       (CBSE, Foreign 2008, All India 2011)

Ans. Management principles provide the managers with useful insights into real world situations. It also increases managerial efficiency

 

(Q28) The subordinates in a company receive orders regarding their work from different operative heads for the same task. Which principle of management is being overlooked and why?                                                    (CBSE, Delhi 2007)

Ans. Principle of Unity of Command" is being overlooked as subordinates receive orders from more than one operative head.

 

(Q29) Why did Fayol introduce the concept of ‘Gang Plank’ in the principle of 'Scalar Chain’?                                                                                                                                                 (CBSE, All India 2009)

Ans. The concept of gang plank was developed to avoid delay in communication in case of emergency between two people working at the same level but in different departments.

 

(Q30) State the principle of ‘Order'.                                                                      (CBSE, Foreign 2009)

Ans. According to the principle of Order, there should be a place for everything and everyone.

 

(Q31) What does the principle of ‘Initiative' indicate?                                       (CBSE, Delhi 2009)

Ans. It indicates that workers should be encouraged and given an opportunity to make and execute the plans within the prescribed limits of authority.

 

(Q32) What is the main objective of simplification in scientific management?

Ans. The main objective of simplification is to eliminate unnecessary diversity of products which results in savings of cost of labour, machines and tools.

 

(Q33) State the objective of ‘Motion Study’.

Ans. The objective of motion study is to eliminate unnecessary and wasteful motions so that it takes less time to complete the job efficiently.

                                   

(Q34) What is determined by Fatigue Study"?                                                   (CBSE, Foreign 2014)

Ans. The objective of fatigue study is to determine the amount and frequency of rest interval in completing a task.

 

(Q35) State the objective of Time Study’.                                                             (CBSE, Delhi 2010)

OR

What is determined by Time Study"?                                                                   (CBSE, All India 2014}

Ans. The objective of time study is to determine standard time required to do a well-defined job.

 

(Q36) State the objective of ‘Method Study’.                                            (CBSE, Delhi 2010 (I), 2014)

Ans. The objective of Method study is to find out one best way of doing the job.

 

(Q37) Give anyone reason why principles of management do not provide readymade solution to all managerial problems.                                                                                             (CBSE, Delhi 2010)

Ans. Principles of management do not provide readymade solution to all managerial problems because principles provide general guidelines to managers, whereas, real business situations are very complex and dynamic.

 

(Q38) Give anyone reason why principles of management are called 'contingent'.                         (CBSE, Delhi 2010)

Ans. Principles of management are called contingent because the application of principles has to be changed according to the prevailing situation at a particular point of time.

 

(Q39) Give any one reason why principles of management are not rigid prescriptions.                         (CBSE, Delhi 2010)

Ans. Principles of management are not rigid prescriptions because they can be modified according to the needs of the situation.

 

(Q40) What did Taylor want to communicate through 'Mental Revolution"?                    (CBSE, Delhi Compt. 2009)

Ans. The workers and management should change their outlook to wards one another and should work together for organisational goals.

 

(Q41) Which technique of Taylor acts as the strongest motivator for a worker to reach standard

Performance ?                                                                                              (CBSE, Delhi Compt. 2009)

Ans. Differential piece wage system.

 

(Q42) Why may Taylor's techniques of scientific management not be applicable to all types of organisations?                                                                                          (CBSE, All India Compt. 2008)

Ans. They are not applicable to all types of organisation because they are more specific in nature and can be applied in specialised situations.

 

(Q43) Which technique of Taylor separates ‘Planning' and 'Execution' functions?

Ans. Functional Foremanship.                                                               (CBSE, Delhi Compt. 2009)

 

(Q44) Why did Taylor develop the technique of differential piece wage system?                   (CBSE, Delhi Compt. 2009)

Ans. Taylor developed the technique to differentiate efficient and in efficient workers and to suitably reward the efficient workers.

 

(Q45) Give the meaning of 'Mental Revolution as suggested by F.W.Taylor.

(CBSE, All India 2011)

Ans. Mental Revolution refers to the change in the attitude of management and workers towards one another from competition to cooperation.

 

(Q46) Name the principle of scientific management which emphasise on study and analysis of methods rather than estimation.                                                                    (CBSE, Delhi Compt. 2011)

OR

Name the principle of scientific management which suggests the introduction of scientific investigation and analysis.                                                                                 (CBSE, All India Compt. 2011)

Ans. Science, not rule of thumb.

 

(Q47) Name the following principles of management : (i) that prevents dual subordination; and (ii) that prevents overlapping of working of two divisions.                                 (CBSE Delhi Compt. 2012)

Ans. (i) Unity of Command; (ii) Division of work.

 

(Q48) Define ‘Scientific Management'.                                                    (CBSE Delhi Compt. 2012)

Ans. Scientific Management refers to use of scientific, systematic, objective and logical principles and techniques to various managerial functions.

 

(Q49) The manager of a company always undermines the performance of Ramesh (an employee) as he belongs to the reserved category. Identify the Fayol's principle which is being violated.

Ans. The principle violated is “Equity".

 

(Q50) 'Accurate cause and effect relationship cannot be established by principles of management.’ Why?                                                                         (CBSE, Delhi Compt. 2013)

Ans. Accurate cause and effect relationship cannot be established by principles of management because: (i) They apply mainly to human behaviour; and (ii) In real life, situations are not identical.

 

(Q51) Ayesha, a manager, decided that there will be separate departments for finance, marketing, production and sales in her company. By doing so she is following a principle of management. Name the principle.                                                             (CBSE Delhi Compt. 2013)

Ans. Division of Work.

 

(Q52) Why do principles of management try to establish the relationship between cause and effect? State.                                                                          (CBSE, All India Compt. 2013)

Ans. The principles of management are intended to establish relationship between cause and effect so that they can be used in similar situations in a large number of cases.

 

(Q53) Shreya, a manager feels that employees should get enough time to adapt to a new environment to show results. By doing so she is following a principle of management. Name the principle.                                                                                           (CBSE, All India Compt. 2013)

Ans. Stability of Personnel.

 

(Q54) Which principle of management is violated if an employee is asked to receive orders from two superiors? Explain the principle with a suitable example.                   (CBSE, Delhi 2004)

OR

The Production Manager of ABC Ltd. instructs a salesman to go slow in selling the product, whereas the Marketing Manager is insisting on fast selling to reach the target. Which principle of management is being violated in this case? State any two consequences of the violation of this principle.

Hint: Principle of Unity of Command' is violated.

 

(Q55) Which principle of management envisages that each group of activities having the same objectives must have one head and one plan? Explain the principle with a suitable example. Hint: Principle of Unity of Direction'.                                                               (CBSE, All India 2004)

 

(Q56) Hina and Harish are typists in a company having same educational qualifications. Hina is getting Rs. 3,000 per month and Harish Rs. 4,000 per month as salary for the same working hours. Which principle of management is violated in this case? Name and explain the principle. Hint: Principle of Equity' is violated.                                                              (CBSE, Delhi 2006)

 

(Q57) Which principle of management suggests that employees should not be moved from their positions frequently? Give one adverse effect if this principle is not followed. (CBSE, Delhi 2002) Hint: Principle of Stability of Tenure' is violated. 

 

(Q58) Name and explain the principle of management according to which a manager should replace ‘s’ with "We' in all his conversations with workers.                                    (CBSE, Delhi 2013)

Hint : Principle of Espirit de corps'. 

 

(Q59) Principles of Taylor and Fayol are mutually complementary. One believed that management should not close its ears to constructive suggestions made by the employees, while the other suggested that a good company should have an employee suggestion system, whereby suggestions which result in substantial time or cost reduction should be rewarded. Identify and explain the principles of Taylor and Fayol referred in the above para.                  (CBSE, Delhi 2014)

Hint: The principle of Taylor referred to is “Cooperation, Not Individualism". The principle of Fayol referred to is "Initiative".

 

(Q60) Principles of Taylor and Fayol are mutually complementary. One believed that the management should share the gains with the workers, while the other suggested that employees compensation should depend on the earning capacity of the company and should give them a reasonable standard of living.

Identify and explain the principles of Fayol and Taylor referred to in the above para.

Hint: The principle of Fayol referred s "Remuneration". The principle of Taylor referred is “Harmony not Discord".

 

(Q61) In your school, you observe that books are kept in office, chalks in the library and office records in the staffroom. How will that affect the achievement of school objectives? Which aspect of management is lacking here and why? As a manager, what steps will you take to rectify the shortcomings?                                                                                      (CBSE, Sample Paper 2010)

Hint: Principle of Order' is lacking.

 

(Q62) Explain the technique of Scientific management which is the strongest motivator for a worker to reach standard performance.                                                                                                                        (CBSE, All India 2012)

Hint: Differential piece wage system

 

(Q63) Nikita and Salman completed their MBA and started working in a multinational company at the same level. Both are working hard and are happy with their employer Salman had the habit of backbiting and wrong reporting about his colleagues to impress his boss. All the employees in the organisation knew about it. At the time of performance appraisal the performance of Nikita was judged better than Salman. Even then their boss, Mohammed Sharif decided to promote Salman stating that being a female Nikita will not be able to handle the complications of a higher post.

(i) Identify and explain the principle of management which was not followed by this multinational company.

(ii) Identify the values which are being ignored quoting the lines from the above para.                    (CBSE, All India 2013)

Hint:   (i) The Principle violated is “Equity" It advocates that t there should be no discrimination against anyone on account of sex, age, caste, belief, nationality etc.

It emphasis kindliness and justice in the behavior of managers towards workers to ensure loyalty and devotion

(ii) The values which are being ignored are:

(a) Good Human behavior because Salman had the habit of backbiting and wrong reporting about his colleagues to impress his boss';

(b) Gender Equality as ‘Their boss decided to promote Salman stating that being a female, Nikita will not be able to handle the complications of a higher post.

 

(Q64) State and explain any three points which highlight the nature of principles of management.                (CBSE, Delhi 2004)

(Q65) Explain the meaning of management principles and state how are they derived at?                    (CBSE, Delhi 2004)

(Q66) Distinguish between Motion Study' and Time Study on the basis of:

(a) Meaning, and                 (b) purpose.                                       (CBSE, Delhi 2000)

 

(Q67) Illustrate the principle of 'Stability of Tenure' through a suitable example.                                     (CBSE, All India 2000)

(Q68) Distinguish between the principles of Unity of Command' and Unity of Direction' on the basis of:             (a) meaning, and     (b) aim.                                                           (CBSE, Delhi 2000)

 

(Q69) What contradiction do you find in the principle of unity of command and the technique of

functional foremanship and why?                                                                                   (CBSE, All India 2002)

 

(Q70) Explain the principle of ‘Discipline' and Order'.                                      (CBSE, Delhi 2001)

 

(Q71) An organisation follows the principles of management. What are the positive effects of each of the following principles of management on the organisation?

(i) Scalar chain,        (ii) Equity, and          (iii) Division of work.            (CBSE, Delhi 2005)

 

(Q72) Develop an imaginary plan of differential piece rates to be introduced for the workers, engaged in sewing shirts.                                                                                               (CBSE, Delhi 2002)

 

(Q73) Describe, in brief, Taylor's principles of :

(i) Science, not the rule of thumb, and (ii) Harmony, not discord. (CBSE, Delhi 2005, 2013)

 

(Q74) State any three characteristics of principles of management. (CBSE, Sample Paper 2014)

 

(Q75) Explain the following principles of Scientific Management:

(a) Science not rule of thumb;       (b) Co-operation, not Individualism;

(c) Harmony, not discord.                                                               (CBSE, Sample Paper 2014)

 

(Q76) Different techniques were developed by Taylor to facilitate principles of scientific management. One of them is 'Fatigue Study’. What is the objective of this study?

       (CBSE, Sample Paper 2010)

 

(Q77) Why are the principles of management called universally applicable?

(CBSE, All India 2009)

(Q78) Principles of Taylor and Fayol are mutually complementary. One believed that the management should scientifically select the person and the work assigned should suit his/her physical and intellectual capabilities, while the other suggested that the work can be performed more efficiently if divided into specialised tasks. Identify and explain the principles of Fayol and Taylor referred to in the above para.                                                               (CBSE, 2014)

  1. ‘Management should scientifically select the person and the work assigned should suit his/her physical and intellectual capabilities'—the principle of Development of each and every person to his/her greatest efficiency and prosperity. According to Taylor, to increase efficiency, employees should be given the required training to learn the ‘best method'. Efficient employees would produce more and earn more. This will ensure the greatest efficiency and prosperity for both company and employees.                               
  2. “The work can be performed more efficiently if divided into specialised tasks’—the principle of Division of work and Specialisation. According to this principle, work should be divided into small tasks/jobs; each performed by a specialist or trained employee. Division of work leads to specialisation. This results inefficient and effective output.

                       

 

Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Related Searches

video lectures

,

study material

,

past year papers

,

Viva Questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Summary

,

ppt

,

Scanner - Principles of Management Commerce Notes | EduRev

,

MCQs

,

practice quizzes

,

Objective type Questions

,

Exam

,

Semester Notes

,

Free

,

Important questions

,

pdf

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

mock tests for examination

,

Sample Paper

,

Extra Questions

,

Scanner - Principles of Management Commerce Notes | EduRev

,

Scanner - Principles of Management Commerce Notes | EduRev

;