Schemes in News: October 2020 Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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Current Affairs : Schemes in News: October 2020 Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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76                                                                               www.visionias.in                                                                        ©Vision IAS  
10. SCHEMES IN NEWS 
10.1. SAANSAD ADARSH GRAM YOJANA (SAGY) 
Why in News? 
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) completed six years. 
Objective Salient Features 
• To trigger processes which lead to 
holistic development of the identified 
Gram Panchayats. 
• To substantially improve the standard of 
living and quality of life of all sections of 
the population through: 
o Improved basic amenities 
o Higher productivity 
o Enhanced human development 
o Better livelihood opportunities 
o Reduced disparities 
o Access to rights and entitlements 
o Wider social mobilization 
o Enriched social capital 
• To generate models of local level 
development and effective local 
governance which can motivate and 
inspire neighbouring Gram Panchayats to 
learn and adapt 
• To nurture the identified Adarsh Grams 
as schools of local development to train 
other Gram Panchayats. 
 
• It aimed to develop three Adarsh Grams by March 2019, of which 
one was to be achieved by 2016. Thereafter, five such Adarsh Grams 
(one per year) will be selected and developed by 2024. 
• Identification of villages: MPs can select any gram panchayat, other 
than their own village or that of their spouse, to be developed as an 
Adarsh Gram.  The village must have a population of 3000-5000 
people if it is located in the plains, or 1000-3000 people if located in 
hilly areas. 
o Lok Sabha MPs can choose a village from their constituency, and 
Rajya Sabha MPs from the state from which they are elected.   
o Nominated members can choose a village from any district of the 
country.   
o MPs which represent urban constituencies can identify a village 
from a neighbouring rural constituency. 
• Funding: No new funds have been allocated for the Yojana.  
Resources may be raised through: 
o Funds from existing schemes, such as Pradhan Mantri Gram 
Sadak Yojana, MGNREGA, etc. 
o Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme 
(MPLADS), 
o Gram panchayat’s own revenue, 
o Central and State Finance Commission Grants, and 
o Corporate Social Responsibility funds. 
• Planning and Implementation: Gram Panchayats adopted under 
SAGY prepare Village Development Plans (VDP) through a 
participatory process under the guidance of Members of Parliament. 
The VDP includes prioritised time-bound activities to achieve 
holistic progress of the village.  
o District Collector will be the nodal officer for implementing the 
SAGY. He will conduct a monthly review meeting with 
representatives of the participating Line Departments. Members 
of Parliament concerned will chair the review meetings. 
o Ministry of Rural Development will be nodal Ministry 
coordinating and monitoring the Scheme closely to ensure its 
efficient implementation. 
o To encourage better performance, four kinds of awards have 
been instituted: Best Adarsh Grams, Best Charge Officers, Best 
District Collectors, Best Practices. 
• The ‘Model Village’ concept aims to address various challenges (such 
as health, education, livelihood etc.) comprehensively with 
adequate focus on the special needs of every village. This earlier was 
being done only through separate flagship schemes targeting 
different sectors such as health (NRHM), education (SSA), and 
livelihood (MNREGA, NRLM). 
 
 
 
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