SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
European wind survey satellite “Aeolus” launched from French Guyana
On August 23, 2018, Europe launched a rocket named “Aeolus” from French Guyana.
i. This satellite will be put into orbit at an altitude of 320 kilometres (200 miles) above the Earth which will track global winds, allowing for improved weather forecasting.
ii. It is part of the Copernicus project, a joint initiative of the European Union and the European Space Agency (ESA) to track environmental damage and aid disaster relief operations.
iii. The new mission is also Arianespace’s 50th launch for the European Space Agency.
i. It is the world’s first space mission to acquire profiles of Earth’s wind on a global scale.
ii. Aeolus is equipped with a single instrument: a Doppler wind lidar — an advanced laser system designed to accurately measure global wind patterns from space.
iii. The Doppler lidar would transmit short, powerful pulses of laser light toward Earth in the ultraviolet spectrum.
iv. Once per orbit, data will be downloaded to a ground station in Svalbard, Norway.
v. Aeolus is the fifth of the ESA’s planned Earth Explorer missions.
IIT-Hyderabad launches First of its kind in India, Fabless Chip Design Incubator (FabCI)
On 21st August 2018, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, announced the launch of Fabless Chip Design Incubator (FabCI) exclusively for startups in chip design.
Fabless Chip Design Incubator (FabCI):
i. FabCI is said to be the first-of-its-kind in India. It focuses on developing an ecosystem for supporting startups in chip design.
ii. It offers facilities like free software tools with leading technology partners in Electronic Design Automation (EDA), etc.
iii. FabCI aims to incubate a minimum of 50 ‘Make-in-India’ chip design companies that can compete globally and generate Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs).
iv. Three startups have already been incubated. The Incubator has invited early stage startups to apply.
v. This incubator will also contribute to the ‘Startup India’ and ‘Make In India’ initiatives.
♦ Director – U B Desai
♦ Location – Hyderabad, Telangana
♦ Funded by – Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY)
♦ Technology partners – Cadence Design Systems, Inc. and Mentor Graphics
Researchers develop “ReMix”, an ‘in-body GPS’ system to track tumours
Scientists have developed a wireless ‘in-body GPS’ system named “ReMix” that can accurately locate ingestible implants and track tumours inside the body.
i. ReMix was able to track implants with centimetre-level accuracy in animal tests. Similar implants can be used to deliver drugs to specific regions of the body.
ii. The test was conducted by scientists from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in the US.
iii. ReMix could be used in proton therapy, a type of cancer treatment through bombardment of tumours with beams of magnet-controlled protons.
iv. ReMix is not accurate enough to be implemented in clinical settings as of now. For actual implementation, the margin of error should be closer to nearly two millimetres.