Security: October 2020 Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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Current Affairs : Security: October 2020 Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


 
31                                                                               www.visionias.in                                                                        ©Vision IAS  
4. SECURITY 
4.1. ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY IN BORDER MANAGEMENT 
Why in news? 
Indian Army is working on converting the 
existing border fence into a smart fence 
integrated with several sensors through a 
hybrid model. 
More on news 
• The new hybrid model of the smart 
fence being tested will cost around 
?10 lakh per km and 60 km is being 
attempted this year. 
• The fence will be integrated with 
LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) 
sensors, infrared sensors and 
cameras among others. 
• The entire fence along 700 km stretch 
of Line of Control (LOC) will be 
converted into smart fence to 
improve surveillance and check 
infiltration. 
Role of technology in Border 
Management 
• Upgrading existing system: 
Technology can be integrated with 
the existing systems to facilitate 
better detection and interception by 
the man behind the machine. 
o At present, border guarding is 
almost fully dependent on 
human surveillance. This makes 
border management a time-
consuming and complex task. 
• Checking infiltration: It can be help to 
detect infiltration via land, 
underwater, air and tunnels by 
deploying close circuit television cameras, thermal imagers and night vision devices etc.  
• Facilitate Cross Border Trade: For example: Blockchain technology can help quickly and securely process 
transactions, it also makes much easier to identify and trace illegitimate trade.  
• Improved Intelligence inputs and Surveillance: through Remote sensing satellites, radar satellites and 
satellites with synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensors which are capable of providing day and night allterrain 
and all-weather inputs. 
• Madhukar Gupta Committee on border protection had recommended the Union Government to strengthen 
border protection and address vulnerabilities in fencing along the Indo-Pakistan border. This led to 
implementation of CIBMS in 2015. 
Issues related to Border management in India 
• Porosity of borders: International borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh run through diverse terrain including 
deserts, marshes, plains and mountains. 
About Smart Fence 
• The smart border fencing projects have been built under the 
Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) 
programme along Indo-Pakistan and Indo-Bangladesh international 
borders. 
• Smart fencing at the borders is a technological solution devised to 
address the security issues in the border-states. 
• It has hi-tech surveillance system that would create an invisible 
electronic barrier on land, water, air and underground and would 
help security forces to detect and foil infiltration bids in most 
difficult terrains. 
Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) 
• It is a robust and integrated system that is capable of addressing 
the gaps in the present system of border security by seamlessly 
integrating human resources, weapons, and high-tech surveillance 
equipment. 
• It improves the capability of Border Security Force (BSF) in detecting 
and controlling the cross border crimes like illegal infiltration, 
smuggling of contraband goods, human trafficking and cross border 
terrorism etc. 
• It also improves situational awareness to facilitate prompt decision 
making and quick reaction to emerging situations. 
• It involves deployment of a range of state-of-the-art surveillance 
technologies —  
o Thermal imagers, infra-red and laser-based intruder alarms. 
o Aerostats for aerial surveillance. 
o Unattended ground sensors that can help detect intrusion bids. 
o Radars, sonar systems to secure riverine borders. 
o Fibre-optic sensors. 
o A command and control system that shall receive data from all 
surveillance devices in real time. 
• 2 pilot projects covering about 71 Kms on Indo-Pakistan Border (10 
Kms) and Indo-Bangladesh Border (61 Kms) of CIBMS have been 
completed. 
• In 2018, BSF undertook the project BOLD-QIT (Border Electronically 
Dominated QRT Interception Technique) to equip Indo-Bangladesh 
borders with different kind of sensors in unfenced riverine area of 
Brahmaputra and its tributaries. 
Page 2


 
31                                                                               www.visionias.in                                                                        ©Vision IAS  
4. SECURITY 
4.1. ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY IN BORDER MANAGEMENT 
Why in news? 
Indian Army is working on converting the 
existing border fence into a smart fence 
integrated with several sensors through a 
hybrid model. 
More on news 
• The new hybrid model of the smart 
fence being tested will cost around 
?10 lakh per km and 60 km is being 
attempted this year. 
• The fence will be integrated with 
LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) 
sensors, infrared sensors and 
cameras among others. 
• The entire fence along 700 km stretch 
of Line of Control (LOC) will be 
converted into smart fence to 
improve surveillance and check 
infiltration. 
Role of technology in Border 
Management 
• Upgrading existing system: 
Technology can be integrated with 
the existing systems to facilitate 
better detection and interception by 
the man behind the machine. 
o At present, border guarding is 
almost fully dependent on 
human surveillance. This makes 
border management a time-
consuming and complex task. 
• Checking infiltration: It can be help to 
detect infiltration via land, 
underwater, air and tunnels by 
deploying close circuit television cameras, thermal imagers and night vision devices etc.  
• Facilitate Cross Border Trade: For example: Blockchain technology can help quickly and securely process 
transactions, it also makes much easier to identify and trace illegitimate trade.  
• Improved Intelligence inputs and Surveillance: through Remote sensing satellites, radar satellites and 
satellites with synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensors which are capable of providing day and night allterrain 
and all-weather inputs. 
• Madhukar Gupta Committee on border protection had recommended the Union Government to strengthen 
border protection and address vulnerabilities in fencing along the Indo-Pakistan border. This led to 
implementation of CIBMS in 2015. 
Issues related to Border management in India 
• Porosity of borders: International borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh run through diverse terrain including 
deserts, marshes, plains and mountains. 
About Smart Fence 
• The smart border fencing projects have been built under the 
Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) 
programme along Indo-Pakistan and Indo-Bangladesh international 
borders. 
• Smart fencing at the borders is a technological solution devised to 
address the security issues in the border-states. 
• It has hi-tech surveillance system that would create an invisible 
electronic barrier on land, water, air and underground and would 
help security forces to detect and foil infiltration bids in most 
difficult terrains. 
Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) 
• It is a robust and integrated system that is capable of addressing 
the gaps in the present system of border security by seamlessly 
integrating human resources, weapons, and high-tech surveillance 
equipment. 
• It improves the capability of Border Security Force (BSF) in detecting 
and controlling the cross border crimes like illegal infiltration, 
smuggling of contraband goods, human trafficking and cross border 
terrorism etc. 
• It also improves situational awareness to facilitate prompt decision 
making and quick reaction to emerging situations. 
• It involves deployment of a range of state-of-the-art surveillance 
technologies —  
o Thermal imagers, infra-red and laser-based intruder alarms. 
o Aerostats for aerial surveillance. 
o Unattended ground sensors that can help detect intrusion bids. 
o Radars, sonar systems to secure riverine borders. 
o Fibre-optic sensors. 
o A command and control system that shall receive data from all 
surveillance devices in real time. 
• 2 pilot projects covering about 71 Kms on Indo-Pakistan Border (10 
Kms) and Indo-Bangladesh Border (61 Kms) of CIBMS have been 
completed. 
• In 2018, BSF undertook the project BOLD-QIT (Border Electronically 
Dominated QRT Interception Technique) to equip Indo-Bangladesh 
borders with different kind of sensors in unfenced riverine area of 
Brahmaputra and its tributaries. 
 
32                                                                               www.visionias.in                                                                        ©Vision IAS  
o This porosity of borders facilitates various illegal activities such as smuggling, trafficking of humans, drugs 
and arms and infiltration. 
• Contested International borders: History of mistrust and constant border skirmishes with Pakistan along line 
of control (LOC) makes India highly susceptible to cross-border terrorism. 
o Similarly, India’s border with Myanmar is threatened by several insurgent groups that have found 
sanctuaries in jungles along the border. 
o Political boundary issues of “enclaves and adverse possessions” in Bangladesh have resulted in political 
sensitivity along the entire eastern border. 
• Inefficiency in Border management: Indian borders continue to be guarded by military and police forces that 
report to different ministries in the Centre and states, making the border management task arduous and 
leading to duplication of efforts by the security forces. 
• Lack of critical infrastructure: Critical infrastructure such as observation towers, bunkers, Border Flood Lights 
etc. are lacking in many border areas which also prevent deployment of hi-tech equipment. 
• Poor intelligence and resource efficiency: Security forces are ill-equipped to handle border management 
given poor intelligence capabilities and severe resource deficiency. 
Conclusion 
One of the main aspects of national sovereignty is the safety and security of states’ borders. If the borders are 
safe and stable only then can the country enjoy economic and social prosperity. 
Efforts should be made to utilise the knowledge available with private sector in the context of electronic and 
surveillance equipment and maintenance and updating of data such as biometric details. 
 
 
 
 
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