Sentence Transformation: Q&A- 2 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

English Grammar Class 10

Class 10 : Sentence Transformation: Q&A- 2 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

The document Sentence Transformation: Q&A- 2 Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar Class 10.
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Type - I

Given below are sets of information. Use the information in each of them to complete the following paragraphs. Do not add any new information. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
The Arctic region is quite different from the Antarctic. It is not very far from the other continents, so more animals have settled there. There is also more plant life. The weather in the Arctic region is much less cold, and there are not as many storms.
Q.1. The Antarctic region is quite different from the Arctic. It is farther from the other continents, so (a) ______ have settled there. There is also (b) ______ The weather in the Antarctic region is (c) ______ and there are (d) ______ also.
Solution. 
(a) very few animals (b) less plant life (c) much colder / far colder (d) many storms.

Given below are sets of information. Use the information in each of them to complete the following paragraphs. Do not add any new information. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
—  games keep us healthy
— develop mental discipline
—  make us wise, confident, courageous
—  learn to co-operate
—  fight in a healthy spirit
—  no ill-will against the rivals
—  promote qualities of citizenship
—  can channelise the energy of our young men and women.
Q.2. Games are very necessary to keep us in good health. They discipline our (a) ______ and keep us physically fit. They give us wisdom, (b) ______ and courage. They teach us the spirit of (c) ______ . A player fights with his (d) ______ in a healthy spirit. Thus games make us good (e) ______ . In order to channelise the energy of our (f) ______ ,  we must pay attention to the development of sports.
Solution. (a) mind (b) confidence (c) co-operation (d) rival (e) citizens (f) youth.

Given below are sets of information. Use the information in each of them to complete the following paragraphs. Do not add any new information. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
1. Choose a site for your garden that has good soil and light.
2. Dig the soil to make it loose, so that air can get into it.
3. Add manure to the soil.
4. Rake the soil to make it fine.
5. Feed, water and weed regularly.
Q.3. First of all, a site having good soil and light was chosen for the garden. Then the soil (a) ______ air could get into it. Manure (b) ______ and then (c) ______ . Feeding, watering and weeding (d) ______.
Solution.
(a) was dug to make it loose so that (b) was added to the soil (c) the soil was raked to make it fine (d) were done regularly.

Given below are sets of information. Use the information in each of them to complete the following paragraphs. Do not add any new information. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
1. Remove the thermometer from its tube.
2. Look at the column of mercury to make sure it stands a few degrees below normal; shake down the column of mercury, if required.
3. Place the bulb of the thermometer inside the patient’s mouth, below the tongue, for about 3 minutes.
4. Ask the patient to keep his mouth closed when the thermometer is in his mouth.
5. Remove the thermometer from his mouth and read the temperature.
6. Put the thermometer back in its tube.
Q.3. After removing the thermometer from its tube, I (a) ______ . I found that it stood a little above normal, so it (b) ______ . Then the bulb (c) ______ for about 3 minutes. He was asked (d) ______ . Then the thermometer (e) ______ was read. And after that, the thermometer (f ) ______ tube.
Solution.
(a) looked at the column of mercury (b) was shaken down (c) of the thermometer was placed inside the patient’s mouth (d) to keep his mouth closed (e) was removed from his mouth and it (f ) was put back in its.

Given below are sets of information. Use the information in each of them to complete the following paragraphs. Do not add any new information. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
—  Police rescued three-year-old girl
—  mother found her missing
—  informed police
—  DSP supervised probe
—  interviewed residents
—  Danny admitted and disclosed hiding place
Q.4. A three-year-old girl was rescued by the police last Tuesday. She had been kidnapped by a neighbour for ransom. The mother informed the police about the missing girl. A probe (a) ______ by the DSP himself. More than 50 residents (b) ______. Ultimately, Danny, one of the residents of the colony, admitted the crime and disclosed where the girl (c) ______ .
Solutions:
(a) was supervised (b) were interviewed (c) had been hidden.

Given below are sets of information. Use the information in each of them to complete the following paragraphs. Do not add any new information. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.

House — symbol — safe and secure — construct — lot of time and effort — buy — best-quality materials — ability to identify and purchase good materials — lay — strong foundation.
Q.5. A house (a) ______ for a family. When a house is (b) ______ . The best-quality materials (c) ______. You should be (d) ______ . For the house to last long, (e) ______ .
Solution.
(a) is a symbol of safety and security (b) being constructed, a lot of time and effort has to be put in (c) should be bought (d) able to identify and purchase good materials (e) a strong foundation must be laid.

Type - II

Read the conversations and complete the report given below each. Do not add any new information. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
Patient : Can I have an appointment with the doctor this evening ?
Receptionist : I’m sorry. I can’t fit you in for at least two weeks.
Patient : But I could be dead by then !
Receptionist : No problem. If your wife informs me, I can cancel the appointment.

Q.1. A patient went to his doctor’s clinic and asked the receptionist if he could have an appointment with the doctor. The receptionist (a) ______ , saying that (b) ______ for at least two weeks. The disappointed patient (c) ______ by then. The receptionist calmly replied that (d) ______ and reassured him that (e) ______ cancel the appointment.
Solution.
(a) expressed her re g r et (b) she couldn’t fit him in (c) ex claimed that he could be dead (d) in that case it would be no problem for her (e) if his wife informed her, she could.

Read the conversations and complete the report given below each. Do not add any new information.Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
Husband : Did you talk to Dr Barnard ?
Wife : Yes, but it is important for you to rest.
Husband : What is it ?
Wife : (Silence.) Husband : Is it one or two ?
Wife :No.
Husband : Is it three or four ?
Wife : Yes.
Q.2. Tom was admitted in a hospital with a complaint of tumour. He was resting. A few minutes later, he opened his eyes and asked his wife (a) ______ . She (b) ______ . He asked her if it was one or two. She (c) ______ . Finally, he wanted to know if it (d) ______ and she agreed with him.
Solution. (a) if she had spoken to Dr Barnard (b) said that she had and told him it was important for him to rest (c) replied that it was neither one nor two (d) was three or four.

Read the conversations and complete the report given below each. Do not add any new information.Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
Sanju : I’ve lost my lucky bat with which I made all my runs. Tomorrow we are playing against a Delhi school and I will be out for a duck.
Father : You can still make all the runs you want.
Sanju : What do you mean ?
Father : It is the batsman and not the bat that matters. What you need is confidence, not a bat.
Q.3. Sanju told his father that (a) ______ . He was all the more upset because (b) ______. His father assured him that (c) ______ . When Sanju failed to understand, his father explained that (d) ______ and that it was confidence that one needed.
Solution. 
(a) he had lost his lucky bat (b) the next day they were playing against a Delhi school and he was afraid he would be out for a duck (c) he could still make all the runs he wanted (d) it was the batsman and not the bat that mattered.

Read the conversations and complete the report given below each. Do not add any new information. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
Mother : You seem so tired. Take some rest.
Suraj : I can’t think of relaxing. I have lots of homework to do.
Rahul : You should not take so much of stress.
Suraj : Don’t worry. Please give me a hot cup of tea.
Q.4. Mother said to Suraj that (a) ______ . Suraj replied that (b) ______ . The mother advised (c) ______ . Suraj asked Mother not to worry and requested her to give him a hot cup of tea.
Solution. 
(a) he seemed very tired and she advised him to take some rest (b) he couldn’t think of relaxing because he had lots of homework to do (c) Suraj not to take so much of stress.

Read the conversations and complete the report given below each. Do not add any new information.Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
Anup : Where can we meet tomorrow ?
Atul : I may not be able to meet you tomorrow.
Anup : Are you going to be busy ?
Atul : Yes, I will be travelling tomorrow.
Q.5. Anup asked Atul (a) ______ . Atul replied (b) ______ . Anup asked if he was going to be busy. Atul said that he (c) ______ .
Solution.
(a) where they could meet the next day (b) that he might not be able to meet him (Anup) the next day (c) would be travelling the next day.

Type - III

Look at the given newspaper items. Then use the information in each of the headlines to complete the report that follows. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
Q.1. (a) INDIAN WINS TOP CHESS PRIZE :
An Indian schoolboy from Mirzabad ______ at the International Youth Chess Tournament in Rome, beating over 50 other contestants.
(b) TOURISTS ATTACKED BY SHARK — SURFBOARD BITTEN IN HALF  !
Last Monday, several Australian tourists ______ while surfing off Pasiraman beach. One of them narrowly escaped death when ______ .
(c) MINISTER TO OPEN HOSPITAL : The Health Minister arrives next week in Dipganj, where ______ .
Solution. (a) has won the top (chess) prize
(b) were attacked by a shark; his surfboard was bitten in half
(c) he is going to open a new hospital.

Look at the given newspaper items. Then use the information in each of the headlines to complete the report that follows. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
Q.2. (a) AFGHAN FORCES CAPTURE KABUL AIRPORT :
After a five-day bloody battle, the Kabul Airport ______ from the rebels early today. Dozens of people were killed and more than 2,500 were injured.
(b) GOVT. TO TAKE STERN STEPS : It has been announced by the government that  ______ to check the black marketing and adulteration of essential goods.
(c) FIRE DESTROYS GOODS WORTH ` 25 LAC :
Goods ______ when two houses in Tilak Nagar caught fire yesterday. The cause of fire, which rendered four families homeless, could not be known.
Solution. (a) was captured by the Afghan forces
(b) stern steps will be taken
(c) worth `25 lac were destroyed.

Look at the given newspaper items. Then use the information in each of the headlines to complete the report that follows. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.

Q.3.
(a) IDOLS IMMERSED IN RIVER : The ten-day Dussehra festival comes to an end today with ______ in the Ganga.
(b) LOCAL ARTISTS’ EXHIBITS ON DISPLAY : The Lt Governor today inaugurated ______ artists.
(c) MAID WINS MARUTI AS PRIZE : The fortune of a housemaid today changed when ______ in the local mela raffle.
Solution. (a) the immersion of idols
(b) the display of exhibits of local
(c) she won a Maruti car.

Look at the given newspaper items. Then use the information in each of the headlines to complete the report that follows. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
Q.4.
(a) UK EMBASSY IN IRAN CLOSES AFTER ATTACK : London : Britain temporarily ______ in Tehran on Wednesday after shots were fired at it from the street.
(b) BOMB EXPLOSION — 17 KILLED : 17 people were killed when ______ in the Supermarket at around 5:30 p.m. yesterday.
(c) IRAQI COP KILLED, 20 INJURED : Baghdad : A car bomb exploded today at a police station in Baghdad’s main police compound in Rasafa district ______, a US Military spokesman said.
(d) REWARDS FOR THAKUR : Ace striker of the world-cup winning Indian Junior Hockey team, Deepak Thakur ______ by his home state, Himachal Pradesh.
Solution. (a) closed its embassy
(b) a bomb exploded
(c) killing an Iraqi cop and injuring twenty others (d) was honoured with rewards.

Look at the given newspaper items. Then use the information in each of the headlines to complete the report that follows. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
Q.5. (a) CAR BOMB EXPLODES IN BAGHDAD : A car bomb
______ killed two and injured many.
(b) JOHN MUSTER ENTERS FINAL : Seventh-seeded ______ All-India badminton tournament.
(c) CHINA DEVELOPS MEDICAL ROBOT : A polytechnic university in China ______ that can conduct surgeries.
(d) VISA FOR PAK JOURNALISTS LIBERALISED : India today announced ______ for Pakistani journalists.
Solution. (a) exploded in Baghdad which
(b) John Muster has entered the final of
(c) has developed a medical robot
(d) the liberalisation of visa.

Type - IV

Look at the comic strips / diagrams given below. Complete the passages according to the information given. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.

Sentence Transformation: Q&A- 2 Class 10 Notes | EduRevQ.1. Moose informed his wife Molly (a) ______.  Molly said (b) ______. She added (c) ______ . She advised Moose (d) ______ as Harry (e) ______ .
Solution. (a) that he was going to fly out to Arizona to visit his sister Martha and her husband Harry
(b) that Harry was very cranky
(c) that he would be finding a lot of fault with Moose
(d) to buy a one-way ticket only
(e) would be glad to pay his way back.

Look at the comic strips / diagrams given below. Complete the passages according to the information given. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.

Sentence Transformation: Q&A- 2 Class 10 Notes | EduRev
Q.2. A customer in a restaurant complained that (a) ______. The waiter told (b) ______ . When the customer asked (c) ______ , the waiter replied that they (d) ______ .
Solution. (a) there were flies in the food
(b) the customer respectfully that they were fresh flies
(c) what he meant
(d) had arrived that morning only.

Sentence Transformation: Q&A- 2 Class 10 Notes | EduRev
Look at the comic strips / diagrams given below. Complete the passages according to the information given. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.
Q.3. 
Dear Uma
I’ve passed my interview ! It wasn’t as bad as I’d feared. First of all, the M.D. asked me what my name was and then he wanted to know (a) ______ my schooling. There was a kind-looking lady. I feel I’ve seen her at one of our school functions. She asked me (b) ______ to become a teacher and also (c) ______ to teach. Then the secretary asked me (d)  ______ to work in a village. Of course, I said, I would work anywhere !
How are your Mum and Dad ? I hope you will be coming over for the summer holidays. Do let me know.
Yours affectionately
Sheela
Solution. (a) where I had done
(b) why I wanted
(c) what subject I wanted
(d) if (whether) I was willing.

Look at the comic strips / diagrams given below. Complete the passages according to the information given. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.

Sentence Transformation: Q&A- 2 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Q.4. John asked his children (a) ______ supposed to have a quiet Sunday morning. Jack agreed saying that (b) ______ Lucy added (c) ______ and asked his father whether they were not well-behaved.
Solution. (a) why they were watching TV when they were
(b) they had forgotten about it
(c) they were nice and quiet.

Look at the comic strips / diagrams given below. Complete the passages according to the information given. Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Do not copy the whole sentence.

Sentence Transformation: Q&A- 2 Class 10 Notes | EduRevQ.5. Archie’s teacher, Miss Grundy, told him that (a) ______ A pleased Archie (b) ______ and asked her (c) ______ To that, an angry Miss Grundy replied that what she meant was (d) ______.
Solution. (a) he had spent time on that homework assignment and it really showed
(b) thanked his teacher
(c) if / whether she meant it was that good
(d) that it was covered with stains from a whole evening’s worth of snacks.

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