Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev

Topic wise GATE Past Year Papers for Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering (CE) : Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev

The document Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev is a part of the Civil Engineering (CE) Course Topic wise GATE Past Year Papers for Civil Engineering.
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Q.1 A simply supported beam is subjected to a uniformly distributed load. Which one of the following statements is true?    [2017 : 1 Mark, Set-I]
(a) Maximum or minimum shear force occurs where the curvature is zero.
(b) Maximum or minimum bending moment occurs where the shear force is zero.
(c) Maximum or minimum bending moment occurs where the curvature is zero.
(d) Maximum bending moment and maximum shear force occur at the same section.
Ans.
(B)

Q.2 Consider the three prismatic beams with the clamped supports P, Q and R as shown in the figures.
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Given that the modulus of elasticity, E is 2.5 x 104 MPa; and the moment of inertia, I is 8 x 108 mm4, the correct comparison of the magnitudes of the shear force Sand the bending moment M developed at the supports is    [2017 : 2 Marks, Set-II]
(a) SP < SQ < SR: MP = MQ - MR
(b) SP = SQ < SR: MP = MQ > MR
(c) SP < SQ > SR: MP = MQ = MR
(d)  SP < SQ < SR: MP < MQ < MR
Ans.
(C)
Solution:

Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev


Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev

Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev


Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev

Hence correct option is (c).


Q.3 A rigid member ACB is shown in the figure. The member is supported at A and B by pinned and guided roller supports, respectively. A force Pacts at Cas shown. Let RAh and RBh be the horizontal reactions at supports A and B, respectively, and RAv be the vertical reaction at support A. Selfweight of the member may be ignored.
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Which one of the following sets gives the correct magnitudes of RAv, RBh and RAv?    [2016 : 2 Marks, Set-I]
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Ans.
(D)
Solution:
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev

Q.4 The following statement are related to bending of beams
I. The slope of the bending moment diagram is equal to the shear force.
II. The slope of the shear force diagram is equal to the load intensity.
III. The slope of the curvature is equal to the fiexural rotation.
IV. The second derivative of the deflection is equal to the curvature.
The only FALSE statement is    [2012 : 1 Mark]
(a) I
(b) II
(c) III
(d) IV
Ans. 
(C)
Solution:
We know that,
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev

Q.5 For the cantilever bracket, PQRS, loaded as shown in the a djoining figure ( PQ = RS = L, and QR = 2L), which of the following statements is FALSE?    [2011 : 2 Marks]
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
(a) The portion RS has a constant twisting moment with a value of 2WL.
(b) The portion QR has a varying twisting moment with a maximum value of WL.
(c) The portion PQ has a varying bending moment with a maximum value of WL.
(d) The portion PQ has no twisting moment,
Ans.
(B)
Solution:
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Bending moment at a distance x from P, M= Wx Member PQ has varying BM with a maximum value of WL at Q and it has no twisting moment.
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Now moment WL will act as a twisting moment for the member QR. Portion QPhas varying BM with a maximum value of 2WL at R.
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Now moment 2 Wl will act as a twisting moment for portion RS which is constant in nature.

Q.6 For the simply supported beam of length L, subjected to a uniformly distributed moment M kN-m per unit length as shown in the figure, the bending moment (in kN-m) at the mid-span of the beam is    [2010 : 2 Marks]
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
(a) Zero
(b) M
(c) ML
(d) M/L
Ans. 
(A)
Solution:
Let the reaction at the right hand support be VR upwards. Taking moments about left hand support, we get,
VR x L - ML = 0 ⇒ VR = M
Thus, the reaction at the left hand support VL will be M downwards.
∴ Moment at the mid-span
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Infact the bending moment through out the beam is zero.

Q.7 Two people weighing Weach are sitting on a plank of length L floating on water at L/4 from either end. Neglecting the weight of the plank, the bending moment at the centre of the plank is    [2010 : 1 Mark]
(a) WL/8
(b) WL/16
(c) WL/32
(d) zero
Ans.
(D)
Solution:
The plank will be balanced by the buoyant force acting under its bottom. Let the intensity of buoyant force be w.
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
For equilibrium, w x L = W + W
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Thus, the bending moment at the centre of the plank will be,
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev
Shear Force and Bending Moment Civil Engineering (CE) Notes | EduRev 

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