Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Class 9 Mathematics by VP Classes

Class 9 : Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

The document Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 9 Course Class 9 Mathematics by VP Classes.
All you need of Class 9 at this link: Class 9

Q.1. Find a rational number between 1 and 2.
Solution.
Let x = 1 and y = 2, then
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Thus,  3/2 is a rational number between 1 and 2.

Q.2. Write a rational number equivalent to 5/9 such that its numerator is 25.
Solution. 

Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Thus, 25/45 is the required rational number whose numerator is 25.

Q.3. Find two rational numbers between 0.1 and 0.3.
Solution.
 Let x = 0.1, y = 0.3 and n = 2
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
∴ Two rational numbers between 0.1 and 0.3 are: x + d and x + 2d

Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Q.4. Express Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev in the form of a decimal.

Solution. 
We have  Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Now, dividing 25 by 8, we have:
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev 

Since, the remainder is 0.
∴ The process of division terminates.

Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Q.5. Express Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev as a rational number.
Solution.

Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Multiplying (1) by 100, we have 100x = 100 x 0.3333…
⇒ 100x = 33.3333              …(2)
Subtracting (2) from (1), we have
100x – x = 33.3333… – 0.3333…
⇒ 99x = 33
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Q.6. Simplify: (4+ √3) (4 −3)
Solution. 
(4 +√3) (4 −√3) = (4)2 – ( √3)2   
[∵ (a + b)(a – b) = a2 – b2]
= 16 – 3 = 13
Thus, (4 +√3) (4 −√3) = 13.

Q.7. Simplify: (√3 +√2)2
Solution. 
(√3 +√2)2 = (√3)2 + √2 ( √3 ×2) + (√2)2      
[∵ (a + b)2 = a+ 2ab + b2]
= 3 + 2 √6 + 2 = 5 + 2 √6
Thus, (√3 +(√2)2 = 5 + 2√6

Q.8. Rationalise the denominator of Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Solution. 
Since RF of (√x - √y ) is (√x +√y )
∴ RF of (√3 - √2 ) is (√3 +√2 )
Now, we have
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Thus,  
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Q.9. Find Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Solution. 
As, 64 = 4 x 4 x 4 = 43

Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Q.10. Define a non-terminating decimal and repeating decimals.
Solution. The decimal expansion of some rational numbers do not have a finite number of decimal places in their decimal parts, rather they have a repeating block of digits in decimal parts. Such decimal expansion is called non-terminating and repeating decimal.
Example:  Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Q.11. What is the difference between "pure recurring decimals" and "mixed-recurring decimals"?
Solution. A decimal in which all the digits after the decimal point are repeated is called a pure recurring decimal. A decimal in which at least one of the digits after the decimal point is not repeated and then some digit(s) repeated is called a mixed recurring decimal.
Example: Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev are pure recurring decimals.
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev are mixed recurring decimals.

Q.12. What type of decimal expansion does an irrational number have?
Solution. The decimal expansion of an irrational number is "non-terminating non-recurring."

Q.13. Find a rational number lying between Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Solution.
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Obviously x < y
A rational number lying between x and y
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hence, 7/20  is a rational number lying between Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
∴  Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

∴ Three required numbers between 0 and 0.1 are: (x + d), (x + 2d) and (x + 3d)
Now
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Thus, three rational numbers between 0 and 0.1 are: 0.025, 0.050 and 0.075.

Q.14. Express Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev as a fraction in the simplest form.
Solution. 
Let X = Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev = 0.24545     ... (1)
Then, multiplying (1) by 10,
We have 10X = 10 x 0.24545...
⇒ 10x = 2.4545                      ... (2)
Again multiplying (1) by 1000,
we get 1000 x X = 0.24545... x 1000
⇒ 1000X = 245.4545                ... (3)
Subtracting (2) from (3),
1000X – 10X = 245.4545... – 2.4545...

Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Thus  
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Q.15. If x = (2 +√5) , find the value of Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Solution. 
We have x = 2 + √5
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev
Now  

Short Answers - Number System Class 9 Notes | EduRev

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