(i) An ordered pair means two numbers ‘x’ and ‘y’ listed in a specific order such that ‘x’ is placed at the first place and ‘y’ is placed at the second place. We write an ordered pair as (x, y).
(ii) (x, y) is one ordered pair and (y, x) is another ordered pair.
The position of a point in a plane is determined with reference to two fixed mutually perpendicular lines, called the coordinate axes. The horizontal line is called the x-axis and the vertical line is called the y-axis.
Let us note the following points:
(i) The perpendicular distance of a point from the y-axis is called its x-coordinate (or abscissa).
(ii) The perpendicular distance of the point from the x-axis is called its y-coordinate (or its ordinate)
(iii) The abscissa of every point on y-axis is zero.
(iv) The ordinate of every point on the x-axis is zero.
(v) The axes intersect at a point called the origin (i.e. x-axis and y-axis intersect at the origin)
(vi) The coordinates of the origin are (0, 0).
The positive numbers lie on the directions OX and OY. So OX and OY are positive directions of x-axis and y-axis respectively. Similarly OX' and OY' are called the negative directions of the x-axis and the y-axis respectively.
The coordinate axes divide the plane into four parts called quadrants (one-fourth part), numbered I, II, III, and IV anticlockwise from OX.
The coordinates are of the form:
(i) (+, +) in the I-quadrant.
(ii) (–, +) in the II-quadrant.
(iii) (–, –) in the III-quadrant.
(iv) (+, –) in the IV-quadrant.
➢ Plotting a Point in the Plane when Coordinates of the Point are Given
To plot a point in the coordinate plane:
(i) We draw the coordinate axes and choose our units such that we can mark equal distances on the x-axis or on the y-axis or on both axes.
(ii) We take origin as zero on the x-axis as well as on the y-axis.
(iii) The distances marked along OX and OY are taken as positive and those along OX' and OY' are taken as negative.