Short Q & A :
Q1: Name the four types of vegetation found in India.
The four types of vegetation found in India are:
Q2: Name the major seasons experienced in India.
The major seasons experienced in India are:
Q3: Differentiate between evergreen forest and deciduous forest?
|Evergreen Forests||Deciduous Forests|
Q4: Evergreen forests are located in which part of the India?
Ans : The evergreen forests are found in Western Ghats, Western Coasts, North-eastern States and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Q5: Which are the factors that affect the climate of a place?
Ans : The factors that affect the climate are- location, altitude, distance from the sea, mountains and relief
Q6: Where do dry thorn forests occur?
Ans : The dry thorn forests occur in very scanty rainfall regions i.e. less than 50 cms. These areas in India are the arid regions of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab and Haryana.
Q7: What are Sunderbans? Where are these found in India?
Ans : Sunderbans are the tidal forests. These are found near the sea coast in the areas flooded by tides of the seas. The Sundari trees grow abundantly in this region. So these forests are called Sunderbans. Other trees are mahogany, rosewood and bamboos.
Q8: What is Biosphere Reserve?
Ans : Biosphere reserve is created to conserve biological diversity and genetic integrity of plants, animals and microorganisms in their totality. Biosphere reserves are undisturbed natural areas for scientific study. Two biosphere reserves are ‘Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve’ and ‘Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve’.
Q9: India experiences regional differences in climate. Explain by examples.
India is land of contrasts. In our country, we have great variations in climatic conditions. For example,
Q10: Give the characteristics of thorn forest in India.
The characteristics of thorn forest are:
Q11: Why are forest necessary?
Forest is very useful for man. They perform various functions such as:
Q12: What are the steps taken by the government to protect wildlife?
The government has taken many steps to preserve wildlife like:
Q13: Indian economy is based on monsoon. Explain.
Ans : The climate of India has broadly been described as monsoon type. Due to India’s location in the tropical region, most of the rain is brought by monsoon winds. Being an agrarian country by nature, the agriculture is dependent on rains. Good monsoon means adequate rain and a bountiful crop.
Q14: What do you mean by migratory birds? Give some examples.
Ans : Some birds from western countries migrate to our country in winter season are known as migratory birds. They arrive in December and stay till March. Some of the migratory birds are Siberian crane, Flamingo, Pelican etc.
Q15: Why do monsoon forest give a barren look?
Ans : Monsoon forest of India is also called deciduous forest, which have same variety of species. All the trees have same time period for shedding their leaves. In a year during a particular time, the trees shed their leaves. So, the branches become bare and the forest looks barren.
Q16: How does rainfall occur?
Ans : When the winds blow from Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal towards the land, they carry moisture and strike the mountain barriers. Then rainfall occurs.
Q17: Forests are the natural habitat of wildlife. How?
Ans : Forests are home to a variety of wild life. There are thousands of species of animals and a large variety of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, birds, insects and worms which dwell in the forest.
Q18: How can you as an individual help in conserving wildlife?
Ans : We can plant more trees, protect the existing ones and also make people aware of the importance of trees.
We can organize programmes like Van Mahotsav to involve more people in making our earth green.
We can refuse to buy things made from parts of the bodies of animals such as their bones, horns, fur, skins, and feathers.
Long Q & A :
Q1: What types of vegetation are found in Himalayas?
Ans : A wide range of species is found in the mountains according to the variation in height. With increase in height, the temperature falls. At a height between 1500 meters and 2500 meters most of the trees are conical in shape. These trees are called coniferous trees. Chir, Pine and Deodar are important trees of these forests. At the higher altitude, temperate grassland give way to the Alpine vegetation
Q2: Distinguish between advancing monsoon and retreating monsoon.
|Advancing Monsoon||Retreating Monsoon|
|They mark the onset of monsoon.||They mark the going back of monsoon.|
|The winds move from the sea towards the land.||The winds move from the land towards the sea.|
|They carry moisture with them.||They are dry in nature.|