Page No - 19
Is displacement a scalar quantity ?
No, displacement is a vector quantity.
State whether distance is a scalar or a vector quantity.
Distance is a scalar quantity.
Change the speed of 6 m/s into km/h.
= 6 x (3600/1000) km/hr = 21.6km/hr
What name is given to the speed in a specified direction ?
Speed of a body in a specified direction is called velocity.
Give two examples of bodies having non-uniform motion.
(a) Motion of a bus on a road
(b) Motion of a racing horse
Name the physical quantity obtained by dividing ‘Distance travelled’ by ‘Time taken’ to travel that distance.
Speed is defined as the distance travelled per unit time.
What do the following measure in a car ?
(a) Speedometer (b) Odometer
(a)The speedometer of a car measures instantaneous speed of the car.
(b)Odometer is a device used to record the distance travelled by the car.
Name the physical quantity which gives us an idea of how slow or fast a body is moving.
Speed gives an idea of how slow or fast a body is moving.
Under what conditions can a body travel a certain distance and yet its resultant displacement be zero ?
When the body comes back to its starting point, it has zero resultant displacement but covers a certain non-zero distance.
In addition to speed, what else should we know to predict the position of a moving body ?
In addition to speed, we should know the direction in which the body is moving.
When is a body said to have uniform velocity ?
When a body covers equal distances in equal intervals of time in a particular direction however small or big the time interval may be, the object is said to have uniform velocity.
Under which condition is the magnitude of average velocity equal to average speed ?
When the object moves in a single straight line, t he magnitude of average velocity equal to average speed.
Which of the two can be :zero under certain conditions : average speed of a moving body or average velocity of a moving body ?
Average velocity of a moving body can be zero.
Give one example of a situation in which a body has a certain average speed but its average velocity is zero.
Motion of a boy from his home to shop (in one direction) and back to home (in its reverse direction) is an example of a situation in which a body has a certain average speed but its average velocity is zero.
What is the acceleration of a body moving with uniform velocity ?
When a body is moving with uniform velocity, its acceleration is zero.
What is the other name of negative acceleration ?
Negative acceleration is also called retardation.
Name the physical quantity whose SI unit is :
(a) m/s (b) m/s2
(a) Speed (or Velocity)
What type of motion is exhibited by a freely falling body ?
Uniformly accelerated motion
What is the SI unit of retardation ?
S.I. unit of retardation is m/s2.
Fill in the following blanks with suitable words :
(a) Displacement is a…………………… quantity whereas distance is a………………………….
(b) The physical quantity which gives both, the speed and direction of motion of a body is called its………………………..
(c) A motorcycle has a steady……………. of 3 m/s2. This means that every………………. its…………….. increases by………….
(d) Velocity is the rate of change of……………………… It is measured in .
(e) Acceleration is the rate of change of………………. It is measured in
(a) vector, scalar
(c) acceleration, second, velocity, 3m/s
(d) displacement, m/s
(e) velocity, m/s2
What type of motion, uniform or non-uniform, is exhibited by a freely falling body ? Give reason for your answer.
A freely falling body has non-uniform motion because it covers smaller distances in the initial ‘1 second’ intervals and larger distances in the later ‘1 second’ intervals, i.e., it covers unequal distances in equal intervals of time.
State whether speed is a scalar or a vector quantity. Give reason for your choice.
Speed is a scalar quantity as it has magnitude only, it has no specified direction.
Bus X travels a distance of 360 km in 5 hours whereas bus Y travels a distance of 476 km in 7 hours. Which bus travels faster ?
For bus X,
For bus Y,
Speed of bus X is more than that of bus Y. Hence, bus X travels faster.
Arrange the following speeds in increasing order (keeping the least speed first):
Speed of athelete = 10 m/s
Speed of bicycle = 200 m/min = 200/60 m/s = 3.33 m/s
Speed of scooter = 30 km/h = 30000/3600 m/s = 8.33 m/s
3.33 m/s < 8.33 m/s < 10 m/s
i.e. 200 m/min < 30 km/h < 10 m/s
(a) Write the formula for acceleration. Give the meaning of each symbol which occurs in it.
(b) A train starting from Railway Station attains a speed of 21 m/s in one minute. Find its acceleration.
(b) u = 0 m/s
v = 21m/s
Time, t = 1 min = 60 sec
(a) What term is used to denote the change of velocity with time ?
(b) Give one word which means the same as ‘moving with a negative acceleration’.
(c) The displacement of a moving object in a given interval of time is zero. Would the distance travelled by the object also be zero ? Give reason for your answer.
(c) No, because if a body takes a round trip such that its final position is same as the starting position, then the displacement of the body is zero but the distance travelled is non-zero.
A snail covers a distance of 100 metres in 50 hours. Calculate the average speed of snail in km/h.
Average speed = Total distance travelled/ Total time taken
Total distance travelled = 100m = 0.1 km; Total time taken = 50 hr
Average speed= 0.1/50=0.002km/h