Notes | EduRev

Social Studies (SST) Class 9

Created by: C K Academy

Class 9 : Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
CBSE 
Class IX  
Social Science 
Sample Paper 3 
Solutions 
 
SECTION A 
 
Answer 1 
‘Kulaks’ in Soviet Russia were well to do rich peasants.  
OR 
Two prominent industrial areas in Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century were 
Moscow and St. Petersburg.  
 
Answer 2 
Sleepers are wooden planks laid across railway tracks; they hold the tracks in position. 
OR 
In the protected forests, customary grazing rights were granted to the pastoralist 
communities. 
OR 
Enclosure benefited the rich farmers by allowing the rich farmers to expand cultivation and 
produce more for markets.  
 
Answer 3 
Right to vote or right to property is a constitutional right of the citizens. 
OR 
Under the right to Constitutional Remedies, citizens can to move the Supreme Court in 
order to enforce the other Fundamental Rights conferred on them. 
 
Answer 4 
Permanent executives are civil servants who are appointed in s government on a long term 
basis. Permanent executives remain in office even when the ruling government changes. 
 
Answer 5 
The movement of people across regions and territories within a country is known as 
internal migration.  
OR 
Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. It is a major 
component of growth in India.  
Answer 6 
Mahatma Gandhi said that “India would be truly independent only when the poorest of its 
people become free of human suffering”. 
 
Answer 7 
Rajya Sabha can delay the money bills passed by the Lok Sabha up to fourteen days. 
 
Page 2


  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
CBSE 
Class IX  
Social Science 
Sample Paper 3 
Solutions 
 
SECTION A 
 
Answer 1 
‘Kulaks’ in Soviet Russia were well to do rich peasants.  
OR 
Two prominent industrial areas in Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century were 
Moscow and St. Petersburg.  
 
Answer 2 
Sleepers are wooden planks laid across railway tracks; they hold the tracks in position. 
OR 
In the protected forests, customary grazing rights were granted to the pastoralist 
communities. 
OR 
Enclosure benefited the rich farmers by allowing the rich farmers to expand cultivation and 
produce more for markets.  
 
Answer 3 
Right to vote or right to property is a constitutional right of the citizens. 
OR 
Under the right to Constitutional Remedies, citizens can to move the Supreme Court in 
order to enforce the other Fundamental Rights conferred on them. 
 
Answer 4 
Permanent executives are civil servants who are appointed in s government on a long term 
basis. Permanent executives remain in office even when the ruling government changes. 
 
Answer 5 
The movement of people across regions and territories within a country is known as 
internal migration.  
OR 
Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. It is a major 
component of growth in India.  
Answer 6 
Mahatma Gandhi said that “India would be truly independent only when the poorest of its 
people become free of human suffering”. 
 
Answer 7 
Rajya Sabha can delay the money bills passed by the Lok Sabha up to fourteen days. 
 
  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
SECTION B 
Answer 8 
The French Revolution was inevitable because: 
a. There was an increased burden of taxation on the people of the third estate. The 
members of first two estates did not pay any taxes and enjoyed all privileges. 
b. The French Monarchs and nobles engaged themselves in luxurious and extravagance 
at the royal court. The monarchs did not care for the well-being of the people. 
c. Teachers, lawyers, writers, merchants and intellectuals formed the third estate. They 
opposed the repressive taxation system and  privileges enjoyed by the members of 
the first two estates 
Thus, the dictatorship of the monarchy, the system of privileges and the old regime's lack of 
respect for human rights were some of the reasons which made the French revolution 
inevitable. 
OR 
Subsistence crisis is a situation in which people are not even able to satisfy their basic 
necessities. From 1715 to 1789, the population of France increased from about 23 million 
to 28 million. This led to a raise in demand for the food grains. However, the production 
was not enough for the demand. This resulted in a rapid increase in price of the bread 
which was the staple diet of majority. 
On the other hand, most of the workers were employed as labourers in workshops whose 
owner fixed their wages. This made them unable to keep pace with the increasing prices. 
Due to these reasons, the gap widened between the poor and the rich. This forced 
subsistence crisis over France. 
 
Answer 9 
The Nazis saw women as mothers whose main work was to become good mothers and rear 
pure-blooded Aryan children. They had to teach Nazi ideologies to their children. 
Girls were expected to maintain the purity of race and had to distance themselves from the 
Jews. All mothers were not equally treated in Nazi Germany. Those mothers who gave birth 
to undesirable, mental or physically unfit children were punished. Those who produced 
racially desirable children were awarded and honoured. Those women who maintained 
relations with the Jews, Russians and Poles were paraded with shaved heads and were 
jailed. 
OR 
The Nuremberg Laws of citizenship of September 1935 were: 
? Only Persons of German or related blood would henceforth be German citizens 
enjoying the protection of the German empire. 
? Marriages between Jews and Germans were forbidden. 
? Extramarital relations between Jews and Germans became a crime. 
? Jews were forbidden to fly the national flag. 
 
Answer 10 
The physical features of India are complimentary to each other as they all make our 
country rich in diverse natural resources. The Himalayas are the sources of water and 
forest wealth. They also influence the climate of India. The Northern Indian Plains are 
agriculturally productive and make India rich in food grains. The Peninsular Plateau region 
is rich in mineral resources and forests. This has led to the development of industries in the 
Page 3


  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
CBSE 
Class IX  
Social Science 
Sample Paper 3 
Solutions 
 
SECTION A 
 
Answer 1 
‘Kulaks’ in Soviet Russia were well to do rich peasants.  
OR 
Two prominent industrial areas in Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century were 
Moscow and St. Petersburg.  
 
Answer 2 
Sleepers are wooden planks laid across railway tracks; they hold the tracks in position. 
OR 
In the protected forests, customary grazing rights were granted to the pastoralist 
communities. 
OR 
Enclosure benefited the rich farmers by allowing the rich farmers to expand cultivation and 
produce more for markets.  
 
Answer 3 
Right to vote or right to property is a constitutional right of the citizens. 
OR 
Under the right to Constitutional Remedies, citizens can to move the Supreme Court in 
order to enforce the other Fundamental Rights conferred on them. 
 
Answer 4 
Permanent executives are civil servants who are appointed in s government on a long term 
basis. Permanent executives remain in office even when the ruling government changes. 
 
Answer 5 
The movement of people across regions and territories within a country is known as 
internal migration.  
OR 
Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. It is a major 
component of growth in India.  
Answer 6 
Mahatma Gandhi said that “India would be truly independent only when the poorest of its 
people become free of human suffering”. 
 
Answer 7 
Rajya Sabha can delay the money bills passed by the Lok Sabha up to fourteen days. 
 
  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
SECTION B 
Answer 8 
The French Revolution was inevitable because: 
a. There was an increased burden of taxation on the people of the third estate. The 
members of first two estates did not pay any taxes and enjoyed all privileges. 
b. The French Monarchs and nobles engaged themselves in luxurious and extravagance 
at the royal court. The monarchs did not care for the well-being of the people. 
c. Teachers, lawyers, writers, merchants and intellectuals formed the third estate. They 
opposed the repressive taxation system and  privileges enjoyed by the members of 
the first two estates 
Thus, the dictatorship of the monarchy, the system of privileges and the old regime's lack of 
respect for human rights were some of the reasons which made the French revolution 
inevitable. 
OR 
Subsistence crisis is a situation in which people are not even able to satisfy their basic 
necessities. From 1715 to 1789, the population of France increased from about 23 million 
to 28 million. This led to a raise in demand for the food grains. However, the production 
was not enough for the demand. This resulted in a rapid increase in price of the bread 
which was the staple diet of majority. 
On the other hand, most of the workers were employed as labourers in workshops whose 
owner fixed their wages. This made them unable to keep pace with the increasing prices. 
Due to these reasons, the gap widened between the poor and the rich. This forced 
subsistence crisis over France. 
 
Answer 9 
The Nazis saw women as mothers whose main work was to become good mothers and rear 
pure-blooded Aryan children. They had to teach Nazi ideologies to their children. 
Girls were expected to maintain the purity of race and had to distance themselves from the 
Jews. All mothers were not equally treated in Nazi Germany. Those mothers who gave birth 
to undesirable, mental or physically unfit children were punished. Those who produced 
racially desirable children were awarded and honoured. Those women who maintained 
relations with the Jews, Russians and Poles were paraded with shaved heads and were 
jailed. 
OR 
The Nuremberg Laws of citizenship of September 1935 were: 
? Only Persons of German or related blood would henceforth be German citizens 
enjoying the protection of the German empire. 
? Marriages between Jews and Germans were forbidden. 
? Extramarital relations between Jews and Germans became a crime. 
? Jews were forbidden to fly the national flag. 
 
Answer 10 
The physical features of India are complimentary to each other as they all make our 
country rich in diverse natural resources. The Himalayas are the sources of water and 
forest wealth. They also influence the climate of India. The Northern Indian Plains are 
agriculturally productive and make India rich in food grains. The Peninsular Plateau region 
is rich in mineral resources and forests. This has led to the development of industries in the 
  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
country. The coastal regions and island provide site of tourism, fishing and port activities. 
All these have led to the development of our country. 
OR 
Location and extent: The Great Indian Desert or the Thar Desert is located in western part 
of the country covering western Rajasthan and north Gujarat. 
Climate: This region receives very low rainfall below 150 mm per year. It has arid and 
extreme climate. It becomes too hot during summers and too cold during winters. 
Natural vegetation: The Thar desert has sparse and scanty vegetation. The plants have 
waxy leaves to minimise transpiration. The roots of the plants go deep into the soil in 
search of water.  
 
Answer 11 
In a democracy, the rulers or the government is elected by the people. Political leaders are 
thus the representatives of the people. These leaders are not free to do whatever they like 
because they are elected by the people to work for the benefit of the common people. If the 
leaders do not work according to the wishes of the people, they may not get elected the 
next time. Thus, they have to work according to the wishes of the people. 
 
Answer 12 
I consider human resource to be the most important. It is because land and capital cannot 
be put to use or yield results on its own. Only when land is made fit for cultivation or 
buildings are erected by human effort, it yields results. Similarly, capital can generate value 
only when it is used by humans. 
Human resource is the greatest resource for a nation as it is a store house of various skills 
and productive knowledge which enhance the value of any other resource. 
OR 
Three economic activities: 
? A shopkeeper selling his goods 
? A doctor treating his patient in a hospital 
? Bank giving a loan to a farmer for purchasing seeds and fertilisers 
Three non-economic activities: 
? A mother cooking food and taking care of her children 
? A doctor treating his/her own child in his/her house 
? A teacher teaching the children of poor families without charging any fees 
                         
Answer 13 
The reasons why India enjoys a strategic position with reference to International Trade 
Route are: 
a. India is centrally located between East and the West Asia. This allows them to be in 
contact with countries on both its side. 
b. Secondly, there is a Trans Indian Ocean route that helps India to connect with the 
countries of Europe in the West and countries in East Asia. 
c. Finally, the southern most part of the country known as Deccan Peninsula protrudes 
into the Indian Ocean thereby helping in maintaining contact with the West Asia, 
Africa and Europe from the western coast and with Southeast and East Asia from the 
eastern coast. 
 
Page 4


  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
CBSE 
Class IX  
Social Science 
Sample Paper 3 
Solutions 
 
SECTION A 
 
Answer 1 
‘Kulaks’ in Soviet Russia were well to do rich peasants.  
OR 
Two prominent industrial areas in Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century were 
Moscow and St. Petersburg.  
 
Answer 2 
Sleepers are wooden planks laid across railway tracks; they hold the tracks in position. 
OR 
In the protected forests, customary grazing rights were granted to the pastoralist 
communities. 
OR 
Enclosure benefited the rich farmers by allowing the rich farmers to expand cultivation and 
produce more for markets.  
 
Answer 3 
Right to vote or right to property is a constitutional right of the citizens. 
OR 
Under the right to Constitutional Remedies, citizens can to move the Supreme Court in 
order to enforce the other Fundamental Rights conferred on them. 
 
Answer 4 
Permanent executives are civil servants who are appointed in s government on a long term 
basis. Permanent executives remain in office even when the ruling government changes. 
 
Answer 5 
The movement of people across regions and territories within a country is known as 
internal migration.  
OR 
Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. It is a major 
component of growth in India.  
Answer 6 
Mahatma Gandhi said that “India would be truly independent only when the poorest of its 
people become free of human suffering”. 
 
Answer 7 
Rajya Sabha can delay the money bills passed by the Lok Sabha up to fourteen days. 
 
  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
SECTION B 
Answer 8 
The French Revolution was inevitable because: 
a. There was an increased burden of taxation on the people of the third estate. The 
members of first two estates did not pay any taxes and enjoyed all privileges. 
b. The French Monarchs and nobles engaged themselves in luxurious and extravagance 
at the royal court. The monarchs did not care for the well-being of the people. 
c. Teachers, lawyers, writers, merchants and intellectuals formed the third estate. They 
opposed the repressive taxation system and  privileges enjoyed by the members of 
the first two estates 
Thus, the dictatorship of the monarchy, the system of privileges and the old regime's lack of 
respect for human rights were some of the reasons which made the French revolution 
inevitable. 
OR 
Subsistence crisis is a situation in which people are not even able to satisfy their basic 
necessities. From 1715 to 1789, the population of France increased from about 23 million 
to 28 million. This led to a raise in demand for the food grains. However, the production 
was not enough for the demand. This resulted in a rapid increase in price of the bread 
which was the staple diet of majority. 
On the other hand, most of the workers were employed as labourers in workshops whose 
owner fixed their wages. This made them unable to keep pace with the increasing prices. 
Due to these reasons, the gap widened between the poor and the rich. This forced 
subsistence crisis over France. 
 
Answer 9 
The Nazis saw women as mothers whose main work was to become good mothers and rear 
pure-blooded Aryan children. They had to teach Nazi ideologies to their children. 
Girls were expected to maintain the purity of race and had to distance themselves from the 
Jews. All mothers were not equally treated in Nazi Germany. Those mothers who gave birth 
to undesirable, mental or physically unfit children were punished. Those who produced 
racially desirable children were awarded and honoured. Those women who maintained 
relations with the Jews, Russians and Poles were paraded with shaved heads and were 
jailed. 
OR 
The Nuremberg Laws of citizenship of September 1935 were: 
? Only Persons of German or related blood would henceforth be German citizens 
enjoying the protection of the German empire. 
? Marriages between Jews and Germans were forbidden. 
? Extramarital relations between Jews and Germans became a crime. 
? Jews were forbidden to fly the national flag. 
 
Answer 10 
The physical features of India are complimentary to each other as they all make our 
country rich in diverse natural resources. The Himalayas are the sources of water and 
forest wealth. They also influence the climate of India. The Northern Indian Plains are 
agriculturally productive and make India rich in food grains. The Peninsular Plateau region 
is rich in mineral resources and forests. This has led to the development of industries in the 
  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
country. The coastal regions and island provide site of tourism, fishing and port activities. 
All these have led to the development of our country. 
OR 
Location and extent: The Great Indian Desert or the Thar Desert is located in western part 
of the country covering western Rajasthan and north Gujarat. 
Climate: This region receives very low rainfall below 150 mm per year. It has arid and 
extreme climate. It becomes too hot during summers and too cold during winters. 
Natural vegetation: The Thar desert has sparse and scanty vegetation. The plants have 
waxy leaves to minimise transpiration. The roots of the plants go deep into the soil in 
search of water.  
 
Answer 11 
In a democracy, the rulers or the government is elected by the people. Political leaders are 
thus the representatives of the people. These leaders are not free to do whatever they like 
because they are elected by the people to work for the benefit of the common people. If the 
leaders do not work according to the wishes of the people, they may not get elected the 
next time. Thus, they have to work according to the wishes of the people. 
 
Answer 12 
I consider human resource to be the most important. It is because land and capital cannot 
be put to use or yield results on its own. Only when land is made fit for cultivation or 
buildings are erected by human effort, it yields results. Similarly, capital can generate value 
only when it is used by humans. 
Human resource is the greatest resource for a nation as it is a store house of various skills 
and productive knowledge which enhance the value of any other resource. 
OR 
Three economic activities: 
? A shopkeeper selling his goods 
? A doctor treating his patient in a hospital 
? Bank giving a loan to a farmer for purchasing seeds and fertilisers 
Three non-economic activities: 
? A mother cooking food and taking care of her children 
? A doctor treating his/her own child in his/her house 
? A teacher teaching the children of poor families without charging any fees 
                         
Answer 13 
The reasons why India enjoys a strategic position with reference to International Trade 
Route are: 
a. India is centrally located between East and the West Asia. This allows them to be in 
contact with countries on both its side. 
b. Secondly, there is a Trans Indian Ocean route that helps India to connect with the 
countries of Europe in the West and countries in East Asia. 
c. Finally, the southern most part of the country known as Deccan Peninsula protrudes 
into the Indian Ocean thereby helping in maintaining contact with the West Asia, 
Africa and Europe from the western coast and with Southeast and East Asia from the 
eastern coast. 
 
  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
Answer 14 
Adding of any provision or changing any provision of the Constitution is referred to as the 
Constitutional amendment.  
The members of the Constituent Assembly who drafted the Constitution of India did not 
want it to remain rigid and static. They wanted a Constitution which can reflect changes in 
the society. The framers wanted the Constitution to be in accordance with the people’s 
aspirations. As a result, they framed a Constitution, whose provisions can be changed 
keeping in mind the changes occurring in the society. 
 
Answer 15 
Different countries use different poverty lines because   
a. The calorie which is required for different people is different based on their physical 
condition. For example, if a person is too tall and healthy would require more calories 
than the short person.   
b. The per capita income in different countries is different. For example, per capita 
income is higher in developed countries than the developing countries.   
c. The standard of living of Western countries is more than developing countries.  The 
cost of essential items used in calculating poverty line is more in the developed 
countries.  
Answer 16 
The Indian judiciary is independent of the control of the executive and legislature. This is 
because: 
? The judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts are appointed by the President 
on the advice of the Prime Minister and in consultation with the Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court. Once appointed, the judges cannot be removed from their office. 
? Judges can be removed from their office by the process of impeachment which needs 
to be passed by two-thirds majority of the members of both houses. Hence, the 
process of their removal is extremely difficult. 
? The salaries of the judges cannot be reduced by the Government. 
OR 
The President can be removed from office by the procedure of impeachment. The charges 
for impeachment can be filed by both Houses of Parliament. However, a procedure needs to 
be followed for the filing of the resolution. These are 
? The charges can to be filed by both Houses of Parliament after a notice of 14 days. The 
notice has to be signed by at least quarter of the total number of members of the 
House. 
? The resolution then needs to be passed by a majority of at least two-thirds of the total 
membership of the House. 
? The charges against the President are then to be investigated by the other House, 
where the President has the right to appear and be represented for the investigation. 
? If the charges against the President are confirmed by two-thirds of the total members 
of the other House, the President is impeached and stands removed from office. 
 
Answer 17 
Three suggested methods that should be taken to make India food secure are: 
a. Sustainable farming puts the environmental resources of soil, water and trees to use 
without degrading them. It has a strong emphasis on social welfare which effectively 
means increasing income and food supply to poor farmers. 
Page 5


  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
CBSE 
Class IX  
Social Science 
Sample Paper 3 
Solutions 
 
SECTION A 
 
Answer 1 
‘Kulaks’ in Soviet Russia were well to do rich peasants.  
OR 
Two prominent industrial areas in Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century were 
Moscow and St. Petersburg.  
 
Answer 2 
Sleepers are wooden planks laid across railway tracks; they hold the tracks in position. 
OR 
In the protected forests, customary grazing rights were granted to the pastoralist 
communities. 
OR 
Enclosure benefited the rich farmers by allowing the rich farmers to expand cultivation and 
produce more for markets.  
 
Answer 3 
Right to vote or right to property is a constitutional right of the citizens. 
OR 
Under the right to Constitutional Remedies, citizens can to move the Supreme Court in 
order to enforce the other Fundamental Rights conferred on them. 
 
Answer 4 
Permanent executives are civil servants who are appointed in s government on a long term 
basis. Permanent executives remain in office even when the ruling government changes. 
 
Answer 5 
The movement of people across regions and territories within a country is known as 
internal migration.  
OR 
Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. It is a major 
component of growth in India.  
Answer 6 
Mahatma Gandhi said that “India would be truly independent only when the poorest of its 
people become free of human suffering”. 
 
Answer 7 
Rajya Sabha can delay the money bills passed by the Lok Sabha up to fourteen days. 
 
  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
SECTION B 
Answer 8 
The French Revolution was inevitable because: 
a. There was an increased burden of taxation on the people of the third estate. The 
members of first two estates did not pay any taxes and enjoyed all privileges. 
b. The French Monarchs and nobles engaged themselves in luxurious and extravagance 
at the royal court. The monarchs did not care for the well-being of the people. 
c. Teachers, lawyers, writers, merchants and intellectuals formed the third estate. They 
opposed the repressive taxation system and  privileges enjoyed by the members of 
the first two estates 
Thus, the dictatorship of the monarchy, the system of privileges and the old regime's lack of 
respect for human rights were some of the reasons which made the French revolution 
inevitable. 
OR 
Subsistence crisis is a situation in which people are not even able to satisfy their basic 
necessities. From 1715 to 1789, the population of France increased from about 23 million 
to 28 million. This led to a raise in demand for the food grains. However, the production 
was not enough for the demand. This resulted in a rapid increase in price of the bread 
which was the staple diet of majority. 
On the other hand, most of the workers were employed as labourers in workshops whose 
owner fixed their wages. This made them unable to keep pace with the increasing prices. 
Due to these reasons, the gap widened between the poor and the rich. This forced 
subsistence crisis over France. 
 
Answer 9 
The Nazis saw women as mothers whose main work was to become good mothers and rear 
pure-blooded Aryan children. They had to teach Nazi ideologies to their children. 
Girls were expected to maintain the purity of race and had to distance themselves from the 
Jews. All mothers were not equally treated in Nazi Germany. Those mothers who gave birth 
to undesirable, mental or physically unfit children were punished. Those who produced 
racially desirable children were awarded and honoured. Those women who maintained 
relations with the Jews, Russians and Poles were paraded with shaved heads and were 
jailed. 
OR 
The Nuremberg Laws of citizenship of September 1935 were: 
? Only Persons of German or related blood would henceforth be German citizens 
enjoying the protection of the German empire. 
? Marriages between Jews and Germans were forbidden. 
? Extramarital relations between Jews and Germans became a crime. 
? Jews were forbidden to fly the national flag. 
 
Answer 10 
The physical features of India are complimentary to each other as they all make our 
country rich in diverse natural resources. The Himalayas are the sources of water and 
forest wealth. They also influence the climate of India. The Northern Indian Plains are 
agriculturally productive and make India rich in food grains. The Peninsular Plateau region 
is rich in mineral resources and forests. This has led to the development of industries in the 
  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
country. The coastal regions and island provide site of tourism, fishing and port activities. 
All these have led to the development of our country. 
OR 
Location and extent: The Great Indian Desert or the Thar Desert is located in western part 
of the country covering western Rajasthan and north Gujarat. 
Climate: This region receives very low rainfall below 150 mm per year. It has arid and 
extreme climate. It becomes too hot during summers and too cold during winters. 
Natural vegetation: The Thar desert has sparse and scanty vegetation. The plants have 
waxy leaves to minimise transpiration. The roots of the plants go deep into the soil in 
search of water.  
 
Answer 11 
In a democracy, the rulers or the government is elected by the people. Political leaders are 
thus the representatives of the people. These leaders are not free to do whatever they like 
because they are elected by the people to work for the benefit of the common people. If the 
leaders do not work according to the wishes of the people, they may not get elected the 
next time. Thus, they have to work according to the wishes of the people. 
 
Answer 12 
I consider human resource to be the most important. It is because land and capital cannot 
be put to use or yield results on its own. Only when land is made fit for cultivation or 
buildings are erected by human effort, it yields results. Similarly, capital can generate value 
only when it is used by humans. 
Human resource is the greatest resource for a nation as it is a store house of various skills 
and productive knowledge which enhance the value of any other resource. 
OR 
Three economic activities: 
? A shopkeeper selling his goods 
? A doctor treating his patient in a hospital 
? Bank giving a loan to a farmer for purchasing seeds and fertilisers 
Three non-economic activities: 
? A mother cooking food and taking care of her children 
? A doctor treating his/her own child in his/her house 
? A teacher teaching the children of poor families without charging any fees 
                         
Answer 13 
The reasons why India enjoys a strategic position with reference to International Trade 
Route are: 
a. India is centrally located between East and the West Asia. This allows them to be in 
contact with countries on both its side. 
b. Secondly, there is a Trans Indian Ocean route that helps India to connect with the 
countries of Europe in the West and countries in East Asia. 
c. Finally, the southern most part of the country known as Deccan Peninsula protrudes 
into the Indian Ocean thereby helping in maintaining contact with the West Asia, 
Africa and Europe from the western coast and with Southeast and East Asia from the 
eastern coast. 
 
  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
Answer 14 
Adding of any provision or changing any provision of the Constitution is referred to as the 
Constitutional amendment.  
The members of the Constituent Assembly who drafted the Constitution of India did not 
want it to remain rigid and static. They wanted a Constitution which can reflect changes in 
the society. The framers wanted the Constitution to be in accordance with the people’s 
aspirations. As a result, they framed a Constitution, whose provisions can be changed 
keeping in mind the changes occurring in the society. 
 
Answer 15 
Different countries use different poverty lines because   
a. The calorie which is required for different people is different based on their physical 
condition. For example, if a person is too tall and healthy would require more calories 
than the short person.   
b. The per capita income in different countries is different. For example, per capita 
income is higher in developed countries than the developing countries.   
c. The standard of living of Western countries is more than developing countries.  The 
cost of essential items used in calculating poverty line is more in the developed 
countries.  
Answer 16 
The Indian judiciary is independent of the control of the executive and legislature. This is 
because: 
? The judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts are appointed by the President 
on the advice of the Prime Minister and in consultation with the Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court. Once appointed, the judges cannot be removed from their office. 
? Judges can be removed from their office by the process of impeachment which needs 
to be passed by two-thirds majority of the members of both houses. Hence, the 
process of their removal is extremely difficult. 
? The salaries of the judges cannot be reduced by the Government. 
OR 
The President can be removed from office by the procedure of impeachment. The charges 
for impeachment can be filed by both Houses of Parliament. However, a procedure needs to 
be followed for the filing of the resolution. These are 
? The charges can to be filed by both Houses of Parliament after a notice of 14 days. The 
notice has to be signed by at least quarter of the total number of members of the 
House. 
? The resolution then needs to be passed by a majority of at least two-thirds of the total 
membership of the House. 
? The charges against the President are then to be investigated by the other House, 
where the President has the right to appear and be represented for the investigation. 
? If the charges against the President are confirmed by two-thirds of the total members 
of the other House, the President is impeached and stands removed from office. 
 
Answer 17 
Three suggested methods that should be taken to make India food secure are: 
a. Sustainable farming puts the environmental resources of soil, water and trees to use 
without degrading them. It has a strong emphasis on social welfare which effectively 
means increasing income and food supply to poor farmers. 
  
 
CBSE IX |  Social Science 
Sample Paper -3 
 
  
b. Food security depends not only on raising production but on reducing distortions in 
the structure of the food market and on shifting the focus of food production to food 
deficit regions and households. 
c. Governments should regulate the entire food cycle i.e. inputs and outputs, domestic 
sales, exports, public procurement, storage, distribution, price controls, subsidies and 
also imposing various land use regulations such as acreage and crop variety. 
OR 
Positive aspects: Food security in India is essential for the poor people. It is because more 
than one-fourth of population is living below the poverty line. Further, agriculture in India 
hugely depends on rainfall. In cases of failure of rainfall, many areas suffer from famines 
which results in the untimely deaths of many people because of starvation and epidemic 
diseases. Kalahandi and Kashipur in Odisha are places which have been suffering from 
famines since many years. Therefore, food security is required in the country. 
Negative aspects: Limited benefit to the poor, regional disparities in PDS benefits, burden 
of food subsidy, urban bias, high operational cost, inefficient government machinery, 
regional disparities in PDS benefits, increase in prices, problem of larger buffer stocks are 
the drawbacks of food security system in India. 
 
Answer 18 
The Constituent Assembly was formed in 1946. The idea of making the Constituent 
Assembly for framing the Constitution of India was devised by the Cabinet Mission Plan.  
Elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in July 1946. Its members were elected 
from various constituencies. Later, in 1947, the Constituent Assembly was divided into the 
Constituent Assembly of India and that of Pakistan.  
The Constituent Assembly of India consisted of the elected representatives of various 
provinces who were eminent personalities in their own fields. Some of the members were 
Dr. B.R Ambedkar, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sarojini Naidu and Nehru. The Constituent 
Assembly of India held several meetings, discussions, debates and passed various draft 
resolutions to frame the Constitution of the country. Our Constitution came into force on 26 
Jan, 1950. 
 
SECTION C 
Answer 19 
Introduction and spread of railways from 1850s created a new demand for wood. It had an 
adverse impact on the forests because: 
a. Need for sleepers: Sleepers were the primary input for constructing a railway line. 
They were essential to hold the tracks together. Each mile of a railway track required 
between 1,760 and 2,000 sleepers. This led to the rapid exhaustion of wood. 
b. As early as in 1850s, in Madras Presidency alone, 35,000 trees were being cut annually 
for sleepers.  
c. Fuel: Initially wood was needed as fuel to run railways. As railways began to expand, 
forests began to be cut down in large numbers. 
d. From 1860s, the railway network expanded rapidly. By 1890, about 25,500 km of track 
was laid down. The length of the track increased to over 765,000 km by 1946. As 
railway tracks spread throughout the country, increasing number of trees began to be 
fell. 
Read More
Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Complete Syllabus of Class 9

Dynamic Test

Content Category

Related Searches

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

study material

,

Free

,

Notes | EduRev

,

Objective type Questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Important questions

,

Notes | EduRev

,

Sample Paper

,

Viva Questions

,

ppt

,

Summary

,

MCQs

,

past year papers

,

Notes | EduRev

,

Extra Questions

,

mock tests for examination

,

Exam

,

video lectures

,

Semester Notes

,

practice quizzes

,

pdf

;