|Table of contents|
|Variety in Fabrics|
|Some Plant Fibres|
|Spinning Cotton Yarn|
|Yarn to Fabric|
|History of Clothing Material|
Yarn is defined as a long, twisted and continuous strand composed of interlocked fibres or filaments which are used in knitting and weaving to form cloth.
Fabrics are made up of strands called yarns, which are made from even thinner strands, called fibres.
Fibres are the materials, which are available in the form of thin, continuous and flexible strands spun into yarn and made into fabrics.
Fabrics are defined as a cloth material made by knitting or weaving or of threads together.
Cotton, silk, wool and jute are called natural fibres as they are obtained from natural sources. We get cotton and jute from plants. We get silk from the cocoons of silkworms.
Synthetic fibres like nylon, polyester and acrylic were invented about a hundred years ago. These are man-made and are not obtained from any plant or animal sources.
- Cotton, silk, and wool are examples of natural fibres.
- Cotton is obtained from the cotton plant, silk is obtained from the cocoons of silkworms, and wool is obtained from sheep.
- Polyester, on the other hand, is a synthetic fibre and is not obtained from any plant or animal sources.
- Synthetic fibres like polyester are man-made and are created through chemical processes.
- Therefore, polyester is the material among the given options that is not a natural fibre.
- It involves collecting the cotton fibres by hand from the ripe cotton bolls.
- The cotton fibres are then separated from the seeds by combining them.
- Earlier, ginning was done by hand, but nowadays, double roller cotton ginning machines are used.
- Ginning is an important step in the production of cotton fibre, as it prepares the fibres for further processing into yarn and fabric.
- Thus, the correct answer is option C: Ginning.
At the beginning of civilisation, people used bark, leaves and animal fur to cover themselves. As people settled down and started farming, they learned to weave vines and animal fleece to make fabrics. In the next stage of civilisation, flax and cotton were woven into garments. In those times, people just draped the fabric to cover themselves. It was only after the invention of the sewing needle that people started stitching their garments. Even today, in older cultures like India, you see people wearing unstitched garments like turbans, saris and dhotis.
|1. What are plant fibres?|
|2. How is cotton yarn spun?|
|3. What is the process of converting yarn into fabric?|
|4. What is the history of clothing materials?|
|5. What are some examples of synthetic fibres?|