UPSC : Subhash Chandra Bose And Indian National Army UPSC Notes | EduRev
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- Subhas Chandra Bose had been a Swarajist and was considered the Lieutenant of C.R. Das. He was elected Congress President in 1938 and 1939. In 1939 at Tripuri, he won agasinst the wishes of Gandhi. Due to the controversy that began regarding the nomination of the members of the Congress Working Committee, Bose resigned from the Congress presidentship and was succeeded by Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Soon, Bose organized an Anti-Compromise Front at the Ramgarh Congress of 1940. On January 27, 1941 he fled from the country.
Fig: C.R. DasOn May 29, he had a meeting with Hitler but the latter was not willing to accept Bose’s suggestion of the declaration of a free India. Bose used to German Radio for broadcasting heroic messages to India. The daring escape from India to Germany and, later, to Japan shows his desire to win freedom, even by seeking support from the fascist powers.
- He organized the Indian National Army with the cooperation of Rash Bihari Bose, the old revolutionist, who had organized the bomb attack on Lord Hardinge in 1912. The Indian National Army (I.N.A.) consisted of more than sixty thousand soldiers.Fig: Lord Hardinge
- On 20 June, 1943 Bose reached Tokyo. On August 25, 1943, he declared from Singapore that the national flag would be hoisted on the Viceregal Lodge in Delhi. After meeting with Bose, Prime Minister Tojo of Japan declared in the Japanese Diet that full support would be given for the independence of India and for the elimination of the British influence from the country.On 21 October 1943, the Provisional Government of Independent India (Azad Hind) was set up in Singapore and on 23 October Japan and on 26 October Germany recognized the Azad Hind Government. Burma, Rhodesia, China, Thailand, Italy and Philippines also recognised it. The Provisional Government of Azad Hind declared war on Britain and U.S.A. on 22 October, 1943.Fig: Subhash Chandra Bose
- On December 30, 1943, the Indian national flag was hoisted on Port Blair and with the control over Andaman and Nicobar islands, the Azad Hind Government got a territorial base of its own.
- On March 18, 1944 the I.N.A. crossed the frontiers of Burma and India. It captured Tid-din and after crossing the Burma border reached Indian territories. On October 2, 1944, while celebrating the Gandhi Jayanti, Subhas Bose declared that after India had become independent through the armed might of the I.N.A., it (India) under the prophetic leadership of Mah-atma Gandhi would deliver the message of non-violence to the world. A battalion of the Subhas Brigade was able to defeat contingent of the British India Army. In January 1945, Netaji Subhas reached Burma. However, eventually, the INA had to retreat. After the surrender of Japan in Aug., 1945, Netaji advised the NA to surrender to the British army. He died on 23 August, 1945 in a plane accident, while going from Bangkok to Tokyo.