Syllabus for General Aptitude (GA)
(COMMON TO ALL PAPERS)
Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups,
instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.
Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data
Architecture and Planning
Section 1: Architecture and Design
Visual composition in 2D and 3D; Principles of Art and Architecture; Organization of
space; Architectural Graphics; Computer Graphics– concepts of CAD, BIM, 3D
modeling and Architectural rendition; Programming languages and automation.
Anthropometrics; Planning and design considerations for different building types;
Site planning; Circulation- horizontal and vertical; Barrier free design; Space
Standards; Building Codes; National Building Code.
Elements, construction, architectural styles and examples of different periods of
Indian and Western History of Architecture; Oriental, Vernacular and Traditional
architecture; Architectural developments since Industrial Revolution; Influence of
modern art on architecture; Art nouveau, Eclecticism, International styles, Post
Modernism, Deconstruction in architecture; Recent trends in Contemporary
Architecture; Works of renowned national and international architects.
Section 2: Building Materials, Construction and Management
Behavioral characteristics and applications of different building materials viz. mud,
timber, bamboo, brick, concrete, steel, glass, FRP, AAC, different polymers,
Building construction techniques, methods and details; Building systems and
prefabrication of building elements; Principles of Modular Coordination; Estimation,
specification, valuation, professional practice; Construction planning and
equipments; Project management techniques e.g. PERT, CPM etc.
Section 3: Building and Structures
Principles of strength of materials; Design of structural elements in wood, steel and
RCC; Elastic and Limit State design; Structural systems in RCC and Steel; Form and
Structure; Principles of Pre-stressing; High Rise and Long Span structures, gravity and
lateral load resisting systems; Principles and design of disaster resistant structures.
Section 4: Environmental Planning and Design
Ecosystem- natural and man-made ecosystem; Ecological principles; Concepts of
Environmental Impact Analysis; Environmental considerations in planning and
design; Thermal comfort, ventilation and air movement; Principles of lighting and
illumination; Climate responsive design; Solar architecture; Principles of architectural
acoustics; Green Building- Concepts and Rating; ECBC; Building Performance
Simulation and Evaluation; Environmental pollution- types, causes, controls and
Section 5: Urban Design
Concepts and theories of urban design; Public Perception; Townscape; Public
Realm; Urban design interventions for sustainable development and transportation;
Historical and modern examples of urban design; Public spaces, character, spatial
qualities and Sense of Place; Elements of urban built environment – urban form,
spaces, structure, pattern, fabric, texture, grain etc; Principles, tools and techniques
of urban design; Urban renewal and conservation; Site planning; Landscape
design; Development controls – FAR, densities and building byelaws.
Section 6: Urban Planning and Housing
Planning process; Types of plans - Master Plan, City Development Plan, Structure
Plan, Zonal Plan, Action Area Plan, Town Planning Scheme, Regional Plan; Salient
concepts, theories and principles of urban planning; Sustainable urban
development; Emerging concepts of cities - Eco-City, Smart City, Transit Oriented
Development (TOD), SEZ, SRZ etc.
Housing; Concepts, principles and examples of neighbourhood; Housing typologies;
Slums; Affordable Housing; Housing for special areas and needs; Residential
densities; Standards for housing and community facilities; National Housing Policies,
Programs and Schemes.
Section 7: Planning Techniques and Management
Tools and techniques of Surveys – Physical, Topographical, Landuse and Socioeconomic
Surveys; Methods of non-spatial and spatial data analysis; Graphic
presentation of spatial data; Application of G.I.S and Remote Sensing techniques in
urban and regional planning; Decision support system and Land Information
Urban Economics; Law of demand and supply of land and its use in planning;
Social, Economical and environmental cost benefit analysis; Techniques of financial
appraisal; Management of Infrastructure Projects; Development guidelines such as
URDPFI; Planning Legislation and implementation – Land Acquisition Act, PPP etc.;
Section 8: Services, Infrastructure and Transportation
Building Services: Water supply; Sewerage and drainage systems; Sanitary fittings
and fixtures; Plumbing systems; Principles of internal and external drainage system;
Principles of electrification of buildings; Intelligent Buildings; Elevators and Escalators
- standards and uses; Air-Conditioning systems; Firefighting Systems; Building Safety
and Security systems.
Urban Infrastructure – Transportation, Water Supply, Sewerage, Drainage, Solid
Waste Management, Electricity and Communications.
Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering; Road
capacity; Traffic survey methods; Traffic flow characteristics; Traffic analyses and
design considerations; Travel demand forecasting; Land-use – transportation -
urban form inter-relationships; Design of roads, intersections, grade separators and
parking areas; Hierarchy of roads and level of service; Traffic and transport
management and control in urban areas,; Mass transportation planning; Paratransits
and other modes of transportation, Pedestrian and slow moving traffic
planning; Intelligent Transportation Systems.
Principles of water supply and sanitation systems; water treatment; Water supply
and distribution system; Water harvesting systems; Principles, Planning and Design of
storm water drainage system; Sewage disposal methods; Methods of solid waste
management - collection, transportation and disposal; Recycling and Reuse of
solid waste; Power Supply and Communication Systems, network, design and