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**Syllabus for General Aptitude (GA)**

**(COMMON TO ALL PAPERS)**

**Verbal Ability:** English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups,

instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

**Numerical Ability:** Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data

interpretation.

**Petroleum Engineering**

**1. Linear Algebra: **Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors.

**2. Calculus:** Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Taylor series,

Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total

derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional

derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

**3. Differential equations:** First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear

differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and

boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave

equations and Laplace equation.

**4. Complex variables:** Complex number, polar form of complex number, triangle inequality.

**5. Probability and Statistics:** Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional

probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal

and Binomial distributions, Linear regression analysis.

**6. Numerical Methods:** Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations.

Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule. Single and multi-step methods for numerical

solution of differential equations.

**7. Petroleum Exploration:** Classification and description of some common rocks with special

reference to clastic and nonclastic reservoir rocks. Origin, migration and accumulation of

Petroleum. Petroleum exploration methods.

**8. Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology: **Well planning. Drilling method. Drilling rigs Rig

operating systems. Drilling fluids function and properties. Drilling fluid maintenance

equipment. Oil & gas well cementing operations. Drill bit types and their applications. Drill

string & Casing string function, operations, selection & design. Drilling problems, their control

& remedies. Directional drilling tools. Directional survey. Application of horizontal, multilateral,

extended reach, slim wells.

**9. Reservoir Engineering:** Petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks. Coring and core

analysis. Reservoir fluid properties. Phase behavior of hydrocarbon system. Flow of fluids

through porous media. Water and gas coning. Reservoir pressure measurements. Reservoir

drives, drive mechanics and recovery factors. Reserve estimation & techniques.

**10. Petroleum Production Operations: **Well equipments. Well completion techniques. Well

production problems and mitigation. Well servicing & Workover operations. Workover &

completion fluids. Formation damage. Well stimulation techniques. Artificial lift techniques.

Field processing of oil & gas. Storage and transportation of petroleum and petroleum

products. Metering and measurements oil & gas. Production system analysis & optimization.

Production testing. Multiphase flow in tubing and flow-lines. Nodal system analysis. Pressure

vessels, storage tanks, shell and tube heat exchangers, pumps and compressors, LNG value

chain.

**11. Offshore Drilling and Production Practices:** Offshore oil and gas operations & ocean

environment. Offshore fixed platforms, Offshore mobile units, Station keeping methods like

mooring & dynamic positioning system. Offshore drilling from fixed platform, jack-up, ships

and semi submersibles. Use of conductors and risers. Offshore well completion. Deep water

applications of subsea technology. Offshore production: Oil processing platforms, water

injection platforms, storage, SPM and SBM transportation and utilities. Deep water drilling rig.

Deep water production system. Emerging deep water technologies.

**12. Petroleum Formation Evaluation: **Evaluation of petrophysical of sub-surface formations:

Principles applications, advantages and disadvantages of SP, resistivity, radioactive, acoustic

logs and types of tools used. Evaluation of CBL/VDL, USIT, SFT, RFT. Production logging

tools, principles, limitations and applications. Special type of logging tools. Casing inspection

tools (principles, applications and limitations), Formations micro scanner (FMS), NMR logging

principles. Standard log interpretation methods. Cross-plotting methods.

**13. Oil and Gas Well Testing:** Diffusivity equation, derivation & solutions. Radius of

investigation. Principle of superposition. Horner’s approximation. Drill Stem Testing. Pressure

Transient Tests: Drawdown and build up-test analysis. Wellbore effects. Multilayer reservoirs.

Injection well testing. Multiple well testing. Interference testing, Pulse testing, well-test

analysis by use of type curves. Gas well testing.

**14. Health Safety and Environment in Petroleum Industry:** Health hazards in Petroleum

Industry: Toxicity, Physiological, Asphyxiation, respiratory and skin effect of petroleum

hydrocarbons, sour gases. Safety System: Manual & automatic shutdown system, blow down

systems. Gas detection system. Fire detection and suppression systems. Personal protection

system & measures. HSE Policies. Disaster & crisis management in Petroleum Industry.

Environment: Environment concepts, impact on eco-system, air, water and soil. The impact of

drilling & production operations on environment, Environmental transport of petroleum wastes.

Offshore environmental studies. Offshore oil spill and oil spill control. Waste treatment

methods.

**15. Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques:** Basic principles and mechanism of EOR, Screening

of EOR process. Concept of pattern flooding, recovery efficiency, permeability heterogeneity.

Macroscopic and microscopic displacement efficiency. EOR methods: Chemical flooding,

Miscible flooding, Thermal recoveries (steam stimulation, hot water & steam flooding, in-situ

combustion), Microbial EOR.

**16. Latest trends in Petroleum Engineering:** Coal bed methane, shale gas, oil shale, gas

hydrate, and heavy oil.

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