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**Directions to Solve: **The following table gives the percentage distribution of the population of five states, P, Q, R, S and T, on the basis of the poverty line and also on the basis of sex.

Try yourself:**What will be the male population above poverty line for State P if the female population below poverty line for State P is 2.1 million? **

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**Example 2: If the male population above the poverty line for State R is 1.9 million, then the total population of State R is? **

**(a) 4.5 million(b) 4.85 million(c) 5.35 million(d) 6.25 million **

**Ans.** Option (d)

**Explanation:** Let the total population of State R be x million.

Then, the population of State R above the poverty line:

And so, the male population of State R above the poverty line:

But, It is given that the male population of State R above poverty line = 1.9 million

∴ The total population of State R = 6.25 million

**Example**** 3: ****What will be the number of females above the poverty line in State S if it is known that the population of State S is 7 million?(a) 3 million(b) 2.43 million(c) 1.33 million(d) 5.7 million **

**Ans. **Option (b)

**Explanation: **Total population of State S = 7 million.

∴ Population above poverty line = {100 - 19}% of 71 million = 81% of 7 million = 5.67 million.

And so, the number of females above the poverty line in State S:

**Example 4: If the population of males below the poverty line for State Q is 2.4 million and that for State T is 6 million, then the total populations of States Q and T are in the ratio? **

**(a) 1:3(b) 2:5(c) 3:7(d) 4:9 **

**Ans.** Option (b)

**Directions to Solve**

Study the following table and answer the questions based on it.

Try yourself:**What is the average amount of interest per year which the company had to pay during this period?**

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**Example 6: Total expenditure on all these items in 1998 was approximately what percent of the total expenditure in 2002?**

**(a) 62%**

**(b) 66%**

**(c) 69%**

**(d) ****71%**

**Ans.** Option (c)

**Explanation: **

Try yourself:**The total expenditure of the company over these items during the year 2000 is?**

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**Example 8:**** The ratio between the total expenditure on Taxes for all the years and the total expenditure on Fuel and Transport for all the years respectively is approximate?**

**(a) 4:7**

**(b) 10:13**

**(c) 15:18**

**(d) 5:8**

**Ans.** Option (b)

**Explanation: **

Try yourself:**The total amount of bonus paid by the company during the given period is approximately what percent of the total amount of salary paid during this period?**

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