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**Directions to Solve: **The following table gives the percentage distribution of the population of five states, P, Q, R, S and T, on the basis of the poverty line and also on the basis of sex.

**Example ****1: **If the male population above the poverty line for State R is 1.9 million, then the total population of State R is?

(a) 4.5 million

(b) 4.85 million

(c) 5.35 million

(d) 6.25 million

**Answer**: (d)**Solution:**

Let the total population of State R be x million.

Then, the population of State R above the poverty line:

And so, the male population of State R above the poverty line:

But, It is given that the male population of State R above poverty line = 1.9 million

∴ The total population of State R = 6.25 million

**Example**** 2: **What will be the number of females above the poverty line in the State S if it is known that the population of State S is 7 million?

(a) 3 million

(b) 2.43 million

(c) 1.33 million

(d) 5.7 million

**Answer**: (b)**Solution**: Total population of State S = 7 million.

∴ Population above poverty line

= ((100 - 19}% of 71 million

= (81% of 7) million

= 5.67 million.

And so, the number of females above the poverty line in State S:

**Example**** 3 **

If the population of males below the poverty line for State Q is 2.4 million and that for State T is 6 million, then the total populations of States Q and T are in the ratio?

(a) 1:3

(b) 2:5

(c) 3:7

(d) 4:9

**Answer:** (b)

**Directions to Solve**Study the following table and answer the questions based on it.

Question 2:**1. What is the average amount of interest per year which the company had to pay during this period?**

Question 3:**2. The total amount of bonus paid by the company during the given period is approximately what percent of the total amount of salary paid during this period?**

**Example 4: **Total expenditure on all these items in 1998 was approximately what percent of the total expenditure in 2002?

(a) 62%

(b) 66%

(c) 69%

(d) 71%**Answer**: (c)

**Solution:**

Required percentage

= [[(288 + 98 + 3.00 + 23.4 + 83)x 100] / (420 + 142 + 3.96 + 49.4 + 98)] %

= [495.4 x 100] / [713.36]

= 69.45%.

Question 4:**4. The total expenditure of the company over these items during the year 2000 is?**

**Example 5: **The ratio between the total expenditure on Taxes for all the years and the total expenditure on Fuel and Transport for all the years respectively is approximately?

(a) 4:7

(b) 10:13

(c) 15:18

(d) 5:8

**Answer**: (b)

**Solution:**

Required ratio

= [(83 + 108 + 74 + 88 + 98)] : (98 + 112 + 101 + 133 + 142)

= [451] : 586

= 1 : 1.3

= 10 : 13

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