Teaching Profession CLAT Notes | EduRev

Created by: Carter Gilmai

CLAT : Teaching Profession CLAT Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
1 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
 
TOPIC: Teaching as a Professional Career 
 
The critique discussion centers on the actual definition of Teaching, what was involved in 
teaching, why choosing teaching as a (my) professional career and what was needed in terms of 
education and training to become a qualified and professional teacher. Some of the good 
qualities of a teacher that must be possessed with, to become a professional teacher were also 
considered. The teacher should also know who He/She would be answerable to as a teacher when 
graduated as a professional teacher.  
Introduction   
Teaching is a process of transferring acquired knowledge by the teacher to the pupils so that the 
pupils are transformed into better citizens by sharing these knowledge with the society in which 
they are brought up (Robinson 1980:168). Teaching cannot be anybody’s job but requires one 
who has been trained and has the knowledge and skills of teaching to teach, Farrant (1980:169) 
and Robinson (1980:17). Teaching involves the teacher (knower), student (learner) with the 
curriculum (what to learn) together with teaching aids to help learners achieve the objectives of 
the curriculum.   
A professional teacher need to be educated with training, qualification, and research on the 
following areas in order to be qualified to teach; content knowledge and skills on the area of 
specialization, knowledge on teaching skills and methods, professional attitudes with values, and 
of equal importance is the interest to join the Noble teaching profession, J Karwage 
(2019).school behavior management, education psychology, curriculum activities, and education 
research are skills needed to be possessed by a qualified or professional teacher.  
When graduated as a professional teacher, we as teachers must know that we are answerable to 
our students, their parents, the community, the employer National Department of Education 
(NDoE), the Nation Papua New Guinea (PNG), with ourselves and our families who had 
invested in us.  
Page 2


PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
1 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
 
TOPIC: Teaching as a Professional Career 
 
The critique discussion centers on the actual definition of Teaching, what was involved in 
teaching, why choosing teaching as a (my) professional career and what was needed in terms of 
education and training to become a qualified and professional teacher. Some of the good 
qualities of a teacher that must be possessed with, to become a professional teacher were also 
considered. The teacher should also know who He/She would be answerable to as a teacher when 
graduated as a professional teacher.  
Introduction   
Teaching is a process of transferring acquired knowledge by the teacher to the pupils so that the 
pupils are transformed into better citizens by sharing these knowledge with the society in which 
they are brought up (Robinson 1980:168). Teaching cannot be anybody’s job but requires one 
who has been trained and has the knowledge and skills of teaching to teach, Farrant (1980:169) 
and Robinson (1980:17). Teaching involves the teacher (knower), student (learner) with the 
curriculum (what to learn) together with teaching aids to help learners achieve the objectives of 
the curriculum.   
A professional teacher need to be educated with training, qualification, and research on the 
following areas in order to be qualified to teach; content knowledge and skills on the area of 
specialization, knowledge on teaching skills and methods, professional attitudes with values, and 
of equal importance is the interest to join the Noble teaching profession, J Karwage 
(2019).school behavior management, education psychology, curriculum activities, and education 
research are skills needed to be possessed by a qualified or professional teacher.  
When graduated as a professional teacher, we as teachers must know that we are answerable to 
our students, their parents, the community, the employer National Department of Education 
(NDoE), the Nation Papua New Guinea (PNG), with ourselves and our families who had 
invested in us.  
PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
2 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
In order for teaching to be called a profession (an occupation), its members or teachers are 
reputed to possess high levels of knowledge, skills and trustworthiness, Doyle (1990). Encarta 
(2009) defined profession as an occupation requiring extensive educational qualification or 
specialized training. The characteristics can be used to define professionals includes; being paid 
for the job done, highly skilled with training and qualification, belonging to a professional 
organization and certified to practice, A Zeming (2019).  Teaching is a professional career since 
teachers are paid for the job done, attended training with research in the field of education, 
belong to the professional teachers’ association and were certified to practiced. When a teacher 
does not meet all the four aspects He/she cannot be defined as a professional teacher. 
Professionals underwent professional development programs due to the rapid changes in field of 
knowledge due to modern technology and innovations. Teachers professional development 
programs termed teachers in-service programs hosted basically to improve the professional 
standards and conduct of teachers. Some teachers further their studies in higher institutions to 
attain a Masters and or Doctor of Philosophy qualifying them to profess and displays knowledge, 
skills, attitudes and values, thus demonstrating professionalism in teaching at the highest learning 
level. Some examples of those highly qualified professional teachers we have in campus at the 
moment includes, Professor Musawe Sinebare (PhD), Dr Agewa Zeming (PhD) and Dr Stephen 
Potek (PhD) to name a few.  
Body  
Teaching is the actual process in which specialized knowledge and skills attained by the teacher 
is transferred to the learner, through classroom interactions. Teaching process involves the 
teacher (knower), student (learner) with the curriculum (what to learn) together with teaching 
aids to help learners achieve the objectives of the curriculum. The learning process between 
teacher-student curricular activities can takes place in classroom setting, at the farm, in the field, 
in a computer lab or a construction site depending on the type of curricular activities planned for 
the lesson by the teacher. Teachers often used their knowledge on specialized field of study, 
curriculum instruction, Education Psychology or psychology of learning, school behavior 
management, teaching skills and methods, and professional code of ethics acceptable by the 
Noble Teaching profession. Teaching also involves parenting, pastoral care and role modeling.    
Page 3


PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
1 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
 
TOPIC: Teaching as a Professional Career 
 
The critique discussion centers on the actual definition of Teaching, what was involved in 
teaching, why choosing teaching as a (my) professional career and what was needed in terms of 
education and training to become a qualified and professional teacher. Some of the good 
qualities of a teacher that must be possessed with, to become a professional teacher were also 
considered. The teacher should also know who He/She would be answerable to as a teacher when 
graduated as a professional teacher.  
Introduction   
Teaching is a process of transferring acquired knowledge by the teacher to the pupils so that the 
pupils are transformed into better citizens by sharing these knowledge with the society in which 
they are brought up (Robinson 1980:168). Teaching cannot be anybody’s job but requires one 
who has been trained and has the knowledge and skills of teaching to teach, Farrant (1980:169) 
and Robinson (1980:17). Teaching involves the teacher (knower), student (learner) with the 
curriculum (what to learn) together with teaching aids to help learners achieve the objectives of 
the curriculum.   
A professional teacher need to be educated with training, qualification, and research on the 
following areas in order to be qualified to teach; content knowledge and skills on the area of 
specialization, knowledge on teaching skills and methods, professional attitudes with values, and 
of equal importance is the interest to join the Noble teaching profession, J Karwage 
(2019).school behavior management, education psychology, curriculum activities, and education 
research are skills needed to be possessed by a qualified or professional teacher.  
When graduated as a professional teacher, we as teachers must know that we are answerable to 
our students, their parents, the community, the employer National Department of Education 
(NDoE), the Nation Papua New Guinea (PNG), with ourselves and our families who had 
invested in us.  
PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
2 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
In order for teaching to be called a profession (an occupation), its members or teachers are 
reputed to possess high levels of knowledge, skills and trustworthiness, Doyle (1990). Encarta 
(2009) defined profession as an occupation requiring extensive educational qualification or 
specialized training. The characteristics can be used to define professionals includes; being paid 
for the job done, highly skilled with training and qualification, belonging to a professional 
organization and certified to practice, A Zeming (2019).  Teaching is a professional career since 
teachers are paid for the job done, attended training with research in the field of education, 
belong to the professional teachers’ association and were certified to practiced. When a teacher 
does not meet all the four aspects He/she cannot be defined as a professional teacher. 
Professionals underwent professional development programs due to the rapid changes in field of 
knowledge due to modern technology and innovations. Teachers professional development 
programs termed teachers in-service programs hosted basically to improve the professional 
standards and conduct of teachers. Some teachers further their studies in higher institutions to 
attain a Masters and or Doctor of Philosophy qualifying them to profess and displays knowledge, 
skills, attitudes and values, thus demonstrating professionalism in teaching at the highest learning 
level. Some examples of those highly qualified professional teachers we have in campus at the 
moment includes, Professor Musawe Sinebare (PhD), Dr Agewa Zeming (PhD) and Dr Stephen 
Potek (PhD) to name a few.  
Body  
Teaching is the actual process in which specialized knowledge and skills attained by the teacher 
is transferred to the learner, through classroom interactions. Teaching process involves the 
teacher (knower), student (learner) with the curriculum (what to learn) together with teaching 
aids to help learners achieve the objectives of the curriculum. The learning process between 
teacher-student curricular activities can takes place in classroom setting, at the farm, in the field, 
in a computer lab or a construction site depending on the type of curricular activities planned for 
the lesson by the teacher. Teachers often used their knowledge on specialized field of study, 
curriculum instruction, Education Psychology or psychology of learning, school behavior 
management, teaching skills and methods, and professional code of ethics acceptable by the 
Noble Teaching profession. Teaching also involves parenting, pastoral care and role modeling.    
PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
3 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
A professional teacher is someone educated within a maximum of four years of training, research 
and qualification on the content knowledge and skills on the area of specialization to be taught in 
schools, together with knowledge on teaching skills and methods which will help the teacher to 
deliver content efficiently. Most people enter classrooms to teach with their tertiary 
qualifications of their content knowledge, but what about teaching skills and methods with other 
education courses that can develop in them the skills, attitudes and values needed to be used to 
assist learning of different levels of learners in a classroom. A teacher must know how to manage 
the behavior of each of their student, or even know why a student have to behave as such and 
provide the right counselling when appropriate. The different types of learners in a classroom 
and how best each learner learn is vital for any teacher to accommodate to the best of His/her 
abilities so that all learners achieve the objectives of the curriculum and Lesson outcome. Any 
teacher(s) entering a classroom must be highly skilled and certified to teach within a recognized 
teacher training institution, be a member of the PNG professional Teachers Service Commission 
(PNGTSC) and paid by NDoE. The professional attitude of the teacher towards self, subject and 
others is vital since the students will learn from it and develop attitudes and values that are 
ethically accepted by the community or nation. This includes the conduct in appearance, 
behavior, attitude and practice; therefore abide by the code of ethics as set down by the Papua 
New Guinea Teachers Service Commission (PNGTSC) and PNG Teachers Association 
(PNGTA). Professional teachers always perform his/her duties well according to the duty 
statements and to the expected standards. It was of equal importance that a teacher before 
entering any classroom must have the interest for the subject to be taught, interest for the student 
to teach, and most importantly the interest to join the teaching service. When a teacher had the 
interest to teach the students will have the interest to learn, since every actions have an equal and 
opposite reaction. When a teacher does not have the interest in the subject taught the student 
would be bored and lost interest in the subject as well. On the contrary what would be the 
scenario suppose a teacher had interest to teach, have interest on the subject but does not have 
interest on His/ Her students? The students are to learn, relearn and unlearn anything whether of 
knowledge or habits since they are grown-ups and started to learn the world around. The teacher 
had the extra responsibility to show interest in the student(s) both inside and outside of the 
classroom. Teaching involves pastoring and caring, hence the teacher must always be in the right 
Page 4


PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
1 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
 
TOPIC: Teaching as a Professional Career 
 
The critique discussion centers on the actual definition of Teaching, what was involved in 
teaching, why choosing teaching as a (my) professional career and what was needed in terms of 
education and training to become a qualified and professional teacher. Some of the good 
qualities of a teacher that must be possessed with, to become a professional teacher were also 
considered. The teacher should also know who He/She would be answerable to as a teacher when 
graduated as a professional teacher.  
Introduction   
Teaching is a process of transferring acquired knowledge by the teacher to the pupils so that the 
pupils are transformed into better citizens by sharing these knowledge with the society in which 
they are brought up (Robinson 1980:168). Teaching cannot be anybody’s job but requires one 
who has been trained and has the knowledge and skills of teaching to teach, Farrant (1980:169) 
and Robinson (1980:17). Teaching involves the teacher (knower), student (learner) with the 
curriculum (what to learn) together with teaching aids to help learners achieve the objectives of 
the curriculum.   
A professional teacher need to be educated with training, qualification, and research on the 
following areas in order to be qualified to teach; content knowledge and skills on the area of 
specialization, knowledge on teaching skills and methods, professional attitudes with values, and 
of equal importance is the interest to join the Noble teaching profession, J Karwage 
(2019).school behavior management, education psychology, curriculum activities, and education 
research are skills needed to be possessed by a qualified or professional teacher.  
When graduated as a professional teacher, we as teachers must know that we are answerable to 
our students, their parents, the community, the employer National Department of Education 
(NDoE), the Nation Papua New Guinea (PNG), with ourselves and our families who had 
invested in us.  
PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
2 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
In order for teaching to be called a profession (an occupation), its members or teachers are 
reputed to possess high levels of knowledge, skills and trustworthiness, Doyle (1990). Encarta 
(2009) defined profession as an occupation requiring extensive educational qualification or 
specialized training. The characteristics can be used to define professionals includes; being paid 
for the job done, highly skilled with training and qualification, belonging to a professional 
organization and certified to practice, A Zeming (2019).  Teaching is a professional career since 
teachers are paid for the job done, attended training with research in the field of education, 
belong to the professional teachers’ association and were certified to practiced. When a teacher 
does not meet all the four aspects He/she cannot be defined as a professional teacher. 
Professionals underwent professional development programs due to the rapid changes in field of 
knowledge due to modern technology and innovations. Teachers professional development 
programs termed teachers in-service programs hosted basically to improve the professional 
standards and conduct of teachers. Some teachers further their studies in higher institutions to 
attain a Masters and or Doctor of Philosophy qualifying them to profess and displays knowledge, 
skills, attitudes and values, thus demonstrating professionalism in teaching at the highest learning 
level. Some examples of those highly qualified professional teachers we have in campus at the 
moment includes, Professor Musawe Sinebare (PhD), Dr Agewa Zeming (PhD) and Dr Stephen 
Potek (PhD) to name a few.  
Body  
Teaching is the actual process in which specialized knowledge and skills attained by the teacher 
is transferred to the learner, through classroom interactions. Teaching process involves the 
teacher (knower), student (learner) with the curriculum (what to learn) together with teaching 
aids to help learners achieve the objectives of the curriculum. The learning process between 
teacher-student curricular activities can takes place in classroom setting, at the farm, in the field, 
in a computer lab or a construction site depending on the type of curricular activities planned for 
the lesson by the teacher. Teachers often used their knowledge on specialized field of study, 
curriculum instruction, Education Psychology or psychology of learning, school behavior 
management, teaching skills and methods, and professional code of ethics acceptable by the 
Noble Teaching profession. Teaching also involves parenting, pastoral care and role modeling.    
PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
3 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
A professional teacher is someone educated within a maximum of four years of training, research 
and qualification on the content knowledge and skills on the area of specialization to be taught in 
schools, together with knowledge on teaching skills and methods which will help the teacher to 
deliver content efficiently. Most people enter classrooms to teach with their tertiary 
qualifications of their content knowledge, but what about teaching skills and methods with other 
education courses that can develop in them the skills, attitudes and values needed to be used to 
assist learning of different levels of learners in a classroom. A teacher must know how to manage 
the behavior of each of their student, or even know why a student have to behave as such and 
provide the right counselling when appropriate. The different types of learners in a classroom 
and how best each learner learn is vital for any teacher to accommodate to the best of His/her 
abilities so that all learners achieve the objectives of the curriculum and Lesson outcome. Any 
teacher(s) entering a classroom must be highly skilled and certified to teach within a recognized 
teacher training institution, be a member of the PNG professional Teachers Service Commission 
(PNGTSC) and paid by NDoE. The professional attitude of the teacher towards self, subject and 
others is vital since the students will learn from it and develop attitudes and values that are 
ethically accepted by the community or nation. This includes the conduct in appearance, 
behavior, attitude and practice; therefore abide by the code of ethics as set down by the Papua 
New Guinea Teachers Service Commission (PNGTSC) and PNG Teachers Association 
(PNGTA). Professional teachers always perform his/her duties well according to the duty 
statements and to the expected standards. It was of equal importance that a teacher before 
entering any classroom must have the interest for the subject to be taught, interest for the student 
to teach, and most importantly the interest to join the teaching service. When a teacher had the 
interest to teach the students will have the interest to learn, since every actions have an equal and 
opposite reaction. When a teacher does not have the interest in the subject taught the student 
would be bored and lost interest in the subject as well. On the contrary what would be the 
scenario suppose a teacher had interest to teach, have interest on the subject but does not have 
interest on His/ Her students? The students are to learn, relearn and unlearn anything whether of 
knowledge or habits since they are grown-ups and started to learn the world around. The teacher 
had the extra responsibility to show interest in the student(s) both inside and outside of the 
classroom. Teaching involves pastoring and caring, hence the teacher must always be in the right 
PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
4 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
mood or frame of mind and make sure all of the students are in the right frame of mind before 
the actual teaching-learning process. 
When graduated as a professional teacher, we as teachers must know that we are answerable to 
our students, their parents, the community, the employer (NDoE), the Nation (PNG), and 
ourselves and our families hence to qualify us to be called as professional teachers. Each year 
graduating teachers made a public declaration that they are highly qualified and ready to serve 
the teaching profession with dedication, loyalty and commitment. A committed and dedicated 
teacher loyal to His/her student and profession brings proud to parents, communities, and nations 
over their child/student/citizen’s achievements.  
In order for teaching to be called a profession (an occupation), its members or teachers are 
reputed to possess high levels of knowledge, skills and trustworthiness, Doyle (1990). The basic 
characteristics used to define professionals includes; being paid for the job done, highly skilled 
with training and qualification, belonging to a professional organization and certified to practice. 
Teaching is a profession since teachers are paid for the service rendered. Teachers were trained 
with a maximum of four years tertiary education and were qualified with certification to practice 
teaching as a professional career. Teachers professionals belong to the professional teachers 
organization PNGTSC and PNGTA that recognizes them and depend them when need arise, S 
Potek (Aug 2019).   
Teaching is not always considered on a par with other professions such as medicine, law or 
engineering (Cobbold, 2015). Some also argued that Teaching has a history of being regarded as 
‘women’s work’ (McDowell, 2015, p.273), its larger workforce, However, the definition 
provided by Johnston and Cruess gives a clear indication that teaching is qualified by this 
definition to be called a profession. Profession: An occupation whose core element is work 
based upon the mastery of a complex body of knowledge and skills. It is a vocation in which 
knowledge of some department of science or learning or the practice of an art founded upon it is 
used in the service of others. Its members are governed by codes of ethics and profess a 
commitment to competence, integrity and morality, altruism, and the promotion of public good 
within their domain. The commitments form the basis of a social contract between a profession 
Page 5


PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
1 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
 
TOPIC: Teaching as a Professional Career 
 
The critique discussion centers on the actual definition of Teaching, what was involved in 
teaching, why choosing teaching as a (my) professional career and what was needed in terms of 
education and training to become a qualified and professional teacher. Some of the good 
qualities of a teacher that must be possessed with, to become a professional teacher were also 
considered. The teacher should also know who He/She would be answerable to as a teacher when 
graduated as a professional teacher.  
Introduction   
Teaching is a process of transferring acquired knowledge by the teacher to the pupils so that the 
pupils are transformed into better citizens by sharing these knowledge with the society in which 
they are brought up (Robinson 1980:168). Teaching cannot be anybody’s job but requires one 
who has been trained and has the knowledge and skills of teaching to teach, Farrant (1980:169) 
and Robinson (1980:17). Teaching involves the teacher (knower), student (learner) with the 
curriculum (what to learn) together with teaching aids to help learners achieve the objectives of 
the curriculum.   
A professional teacher need to be educated with training, qualification, and research on the 
following areas in order to be qualified to teach; content knowledge and skills on the area of 
specialization, knowledge on teaching skills and methods, professional attitudes with values, and 
of equal importance is the interest to join the Noble teaching profession, J Karwage 
(2019).school behavior management, education psychology, curriculum activities, and education 
research are skills needed to be possessed by a qualified or professional teacher.  
When graduated as a professional teacher, we as teachers must know that we are answerable to 
our students, their parents, the community, the employer National Department of Education 
(NDoE), the Nation Papua New Guinea (PNG), with ourselves and our families who had 
invested in us.  
PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
2 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
In order for teaching to be called a profession (an occupation), its members or teachers are 
reputed to possess high levels of knowledge, skills and trustworthiness, Doyle (1990). Encarta 
(2009) defined profession as an occupation requiring extensive educational qualification or 
specialized training. The characteristics can be used to define professionals includes; being paid 
for the job done, highly skilled with training and qualification, belonging to a professional 
organization and certified to practice, A Zeming (2019).  Teaching is a professional career since 
teachers are paid for the job done, attended training with research in the field of education, 
belong to the professional teachers’ association and were certified to practiced. When a teacher 
does not meet all the four aspects He/she cannot be defined as a professional teacher. 
Professionals underwent professional development programs due to the rapid changes in field of 
knowledge due to modern technology and innovations. Teachers professional development 
programs termed teachers in-service programs hosted basically to improve the professional 
standards and conduct of teachers. Some teachers further their studies in higher institutions to 
attain a Masters and or Doctor of Philosophy qualifying them to profess and displays knowledge, 
skills, attitudes and values, thus demonstrating professionalism in teaching at the highest learning 
level. Some examples of those highly qualified professional teachers we have in campus at the 
moment includes, Professor Musawe Sinebare (PhD), Dr Agewa Zeming (PhD) and Dr Stephen 
Potek (PhD) to name a few.  
Body  
Teaching is the actual process in which specialized knowledge and skills attained by the teacher 
is transferred to the learner, through classroom interactions. Teaching process involves the 
teacher (knower), student (learner) with the curriculum (what to learn) together with teaching 
aids to help learners achieve the objectives of the curriculum. The learning process between 
teacher-student curricular activities can takes place in classroom setting, at the farm, in the field, 
in a computer lab or a construction site depending on the type of curricular activities planned for 
the lesson by the teacher. Teachers often used their knowledge on specialized field of study, 
curriculum instruction, Education Psychology or psychology of learning, school behavior 
management, teaching skills and methods, and professional code of ethics acceptable by the 
Noble Teaching profession. Teaching also involves parenting, pastoral care and role modeling.    
PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
3 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
A professional teacher is someone educated within a maximum of four years of training, research 
and qualification on the content knowledge and skills on the area of specialization to be taught in 
schools, together with knowledge on teaching skills and methods which will help the teacher to 
deliver content efficiently. Most people enter classrooms to teach with their tertiary 
qualifications of their content knowledge, but what about teaching skills and methods with other 
education courses that can develop in them the skills, attitudes and values needed to be used to 
assist learning of different levels of learners in a classroom. A teacher must know how to manage 
the behavior of each of their student, or even know why a student have to behave as such and 
provide the right counselling when appropriate. The different types of learners in a classroom 
and how best each learner learn is vital for any teacher to accommodate to the best of His/her 
abilities so that all learners achieve the objectives of the curriculum and Lesson outcome. Any 
teacher(s) entering a classroom must be highly skilled and certified to teach within a recognized 
teacher training institution, be a member of the PNG professional Teachers Service Commission 
(PNGTSC) and paid by NDoE. The professional attitude of the teacher towards self, subject and 
others is vital since the students will learn from it and develop attitudes and values that are 
ethically accepted by the community or nation. This includes the conduct in appearance, 
behavior, attitude and practice; therefore abide by the code of ethics as set down by the Papua 
New Guinea Teachers Service Commission (PNGTSC) and PNG Teachers Association 
(PNGTA). Professional teachers always perform his/her duties well according to the duty 
statements and to the expected standards. It was of equal importance that a teacher before 
entering any classroom must have the interest for the subject to be taught, interest for the student 
to teach, and most importantly the interest to join the teaching service. When a teacher had the 
interest to teach the students will have the interest to learn, since every actions have an equal and 
opposite reaction. When a teacher does not have the interest in the subject taught the student 
would be bored and lost interest in the subject as well. On the contrary what would be the 
scenario suppose a teacher had interest to teach, have interest on the subject but does not have 
interest on His/ Her students? The students are to learn, relearn and unlearn anything whether of 
knowledge or habits since they are grown-ups and started to learn the world around. The teacher 
had the extra responsibility to show interest in the student(s) both inside and outside of the 
classroom. Teaching involves pastoring and caring, hence the teacher must always be in the right 
PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
4 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
mood or frame of mind and make sure all of the students are in the right frame of mind before 
the actual teaching-learning process. 
When graduated as a professional teacher, we as teachers must know that we are answerable to 
our students, their parents, the community, the employer (NDoE), the Nation (PNG), and 
ourselves and our families hence to qualify us to be called as professional teachers. Each year 
graduating teachers made a public declaration that they are highly qualified and ready to serve 
the teaching profession with dedication, loyalty and commitment. A committed and dedicated 
teacher loyal to His/her student and profession brings proud to parents, communities, and nations 
over their child/student/citizen’s achievements.  
In order for teaching to be called a profession (an occupation), its members or teachers are 
reputed to possess high levels of knowledge, skills and trustworthiness, Doyle (1990). The basic 
characteristics used to define professionals includes; being paid for the job done, highly skilled 
with training and qualification, belonging to a professional organization and certified to practice. 
Teaching is a profession since teachers are paid for the service rendered. Teachers were trained 
with a maximum of four years tertiary education and were qualified with certification to practice 
teaching as a professional career. Teachers professionals belong to the professional teachers 
organization PNGTSC and PNGTA that recognizes them and depend them when need arise, S 
Potek (Aug 2019).   
Teaching is not always considered on a par with other professions such as medicine, law or 
engineering (Cobbold, 2015). Some also argued that Teaching has a history of being regarded as 
‘women’s work’ (McDowell, 2015, p.273), its larger workforce, However, the definition 
provided by Johnston and Cruess gives a clear indication that teaching is qualified by this 
definition to be called a profession. Profession: An occupation whose core element is work 
based upon the mastery of a complex body of knowledge and skills. It is a vocation in which 
knowledge of some department of science or learning or the practice of an art founded upon it is 
used in the service of others. Its members are governed by codes of ethics and profess a 
commitment to competence, integrity and morality, altruism, and the promotion of public good 
within their domain. The commitments form the basis of a social contract between a profession 
PERSONAL VIEW ON TEACHING AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER  
5 | P a g e 
Gilmai CARTER 2015311275 
  
and society … Professions and their members are accountable to those served and to society. 
(Cruess, Johnston & Cruess, 2004, p.75).  
 
Conclusion  
The word ‘teaching’ means the work of a teacher to provide knowledge and guidance. It is one of 
the oldest and noblest services to the society in any culture. It’s also a process to prepare the next 
generation of skilled professionals and workers like politician, engineers, doctors, policemen, 
priests, educators, legislators and good citizens. The process of teaching involves the teacher, 
students, curriculum, educational psychology, parenting, pastoring and role modeling. 
Teaching is qualified to be called a profession and not a semi-profession since its members 
(teachers) are trained and qualified. Teachers were certified to practice teaching, belongs to the 
professional teachers’ organization (PNGTSC & PNGTA) and were paid for teaching. When one 
of those qualities missing in a teacher He/ she would likely be refused to be called a professional. 
Teachers must attend to In-Service programs to improve on and adapt to teaching easily within 
rapid changes in information.  
Teachers must know that we are answerable to students, their parents, the community, the 
employer (NDoE), the Nation (PNG), and ourselves and our families. Each year graduating 
teachers made a public declaration that they are highly qualified and ready to serve the teaching 
profession with dedication, loyalty and commitment. In terms of education and qualification a 
professional teacher must be knowledgeable on content (subject) area and the teaching skills and 
methods. Should display professional attitude towards self and others and must have the interest 
for students, subject and to join teaching profession. Other good qualities include; pursuance, 
loyal, loving, caring, fair, honesty, punctuality, attendance, and respect for self, others, property 
and environment. Many favored teaching, because of full-time salary packages, free housing, 
rising demand or large size in the workforce and so on. I loved to be a livelong student of 
learning updating myself with latest changes in knowledge and information and working towards 
changing lives of my students and myself. 
  
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