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The Himalayan Mountains Video Lecture | Crash Course: Class 9

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FAQs on The Himalayan Mountains Video Lecture - Crash Course: Class 9

1. What is the height of the Himalayan Mountains?
Ans. The Himalayan Mountains are the tallest mountain range in the world. The highest peak in the Himalayas is Mount Everest, which stands at a height of 8,848 meters (29,029 feet) above sea level.
2. How were the Himalayan Mountains formed?
Ans. The Himalayan Mountains were formed as a result of the collision between the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates. Around 50 million years ago, the Indian plate began moving northwards, pushing against the Eurasian plate and causing the crust to buckle and fold, forming the majestic Himalayas.
3. What is the significance of the Himalayan Mountains?
Ans. The Himalayan Mountains hold immense significance both geologically and culturally. Geologically, they act as a barrier, preventing the cold winds from the Arctic from reaching the Indian subcontinent. Culturally, the Himalayas are considered sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism, with numerous pilgrimage sites and monasteries located in the region.
4. How do the Himalayan Mountains affect the climate of the surrounding regions?
Ans. The Himalayan Mountains play a crucial role in shaping the climate of the surrounding regions. They act as a barrier, preventing the northern cold winds from reaching the Indian subcontinent, resulting in a distinct climate pattern. The mountains also contribute to the formation of the Indian Monsoon by blocking the moisture-laden winds from the Bay of Bengal, leading to heavy rainfall in the foothills and plains.
5. What are some of the major risks associated with the Himalayan Mountains?
Ans. The Himalayan Mountains pose several risks and challenges. The region is prone to earthquakes and landslides due to tectonic activity. Glacial melt from the Himalayas also contributes to the risk of floods in the downstream regions. Additionally, the mountainous terrain makes transportation and communication difficult, hampering development and access to basic services for the people living in the region.
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