Principal: Whoever by words either spoken or intended to be read or by signs or by visible representations, makes or publishes any imputation concerning any person intending to harm, or knowing or having reason to believe that such imputation will harm, the reputation of such person, is to defame that person.
Facts: In a community, there is a custom of stealing shows of the bridegroom during the marriage ceremony. The shoes of the bridegroom we're stolen by 'Y'. 'As announced that 'Z' has stolen the shoes. Everyone present in the marriage party started starting at 'Z' with great surprise. 'Z' felt very ashamed.
a. A defamed Z
b. A did not defamed Z
c. A defamed Z for Z felt very ashamed
d. A defamed the whole marriage party.
What will be the answer? Please explain with because.