UGC NET Paper - General & Teaching Aptitude Theory Government Jobs Notes | EduRev

Created by: Priyanka Sharma

Government Jobs : UGC NET Paper - General & Teaching Aptitude Theory Government Jobs Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 1 
 
 For IIT-JA M, JN U, GA TE, N ET, N IMCET and Oth er Entran ce Exam s
1-C -8, S heela Ch ow dh ary R oad , T alw andi, K ota (R aj.) T el N o. 0744-2429714
Web Site www.vpmclasses.com E-mail-vpmclasses@yahoo.com
UGC NET  PAPER-I
GENERAL & TEACHING APTITUDE
SAMPLE THEORY

TEACHING APTITUDE
TEACHING APTITIUDE : INTRODUCTION





CLASSROOM INTRACTION
SUBJECT MATTER
TEACHING PROCESS
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF TEACHING
METHODS OF TEACHING
 SOME EXAMPLES
 
  
Page 2


      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 1 
 
 For IIT-JA M, JN U, GA TE, N ET, N IMCET and Oth er Entran ce Exam s
1-C -8, S heela Ch ow dh ary R oad , T alw andi, K ota (R aj.) T el N o. 0744-2429714
Web Site www.vpmclasses.com E-mail-vpmclasses@yahoo.com
UGC NET  PAPER-I
GENERAL & TEACHING APTITUDE
SAMPLE THEORY

TEACHING APTITUDE
TEACHING APTITIUDE : INTRODUCTION





CLASSROOM INTRACTION
SUBJECT MATTER
TEACHING PROCESS
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF TEACHING
METHODS OF TEACHING
 SOME EXAMPLES
 
  
      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 2 
 
INTR ODUCTION 
 
 Teaching is a com plex process which brings socially desirable behavioral change in a 
person. Teaching is a part of teaching-learning process. It is required to bring certain 
changes in a person according to the need of his society and environment in w hich he is 
living. ‘Teaching is not an act as it is dynamic in nature so it is termed as process. I t is also 
not a fundam ental concept as it is greatly influenced by social and hum an factors. 
 Teaching is both art and science. It is an activity involving teacher and student w ith a view to 
the development of student. The main aim of teaching is to bring about socially desirable 
behavioral changes in the students and can be achieved only if teaching is effective and 
based on certain values o r principles. T eaching is one of the main parts of the teaching-
learning system. So effective teaching is mostly depending on the teacher. It is a common 
fact that a good teacher is born and not made. Training and research can make a good 
teacher better and a better teacher best.   
 Teacher should follow various m ethods of teaching devised from time to time. A teacher 
encourages the practice o f thinking among students. Teacher should give to the students 
the’ freedom and opportunity to express their ideas.  
, Teaching is required to give education to the students. We can define education as “the 
aggregate of all processes by means of w hich a person develops attributes, attitudes and 
other forms of behaviour of positive value in the society in ‘which he lives”. We can also 
define it as “the ‘social process by w hich people are subjected to the influence of a selected 
and controlled environment, so that they may attain social competence and optimum 
individual  developm ent”.  
 The complete process of education must contain four common factors 
 (i) Educator (teacher) 
  (ii)  Educand (Student)  
  (iii) the subject  matter  
 (iv) the context (setting). 
Page 3


      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 1 
 
 For IIT-JA M, JN U, GA TE, N ET, N IMCET and Oth er Entran ce Exam s
1-C -8, S heela Ch ow dh ary R oad , T alw andi, K ota (R aj.) T el N o. 0744-2429714
Web Site www.vpmclasses.com E-mail-vpmclasses@yahoo.com
UGC NET  PAPER-I
GENERAL & TEACHING APTITUDE
SAMPLE THEORY

TEACHING APTITUDE
TEACHING APTITIUDE : INTRODUCTION





CLASSROOM INTRACTION
SUBJECT MATTER
TEACHING PROCESS
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF TEACHING
METHODS OF TEACHING
 SOME EXAMPLES
 
  
      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 2 
 
INTR ODUCTION 
 
 Teaching is a com plex process which brings socially desirable behavioral change in a 
person. Teaching is a part of teaching-learning process. It is required to bring certain 
changes in a person according to the need of his society and environment in w hich he is 
living. ‘Teaching is not an act as it is dynamic in nature so it is termed as process. I t is also 
not a fundam ental concept as it is greatly influenced by social and hum an factors. 
 Teaching is both art and science. It is an activity involving teacher and student w ith a view to 
the development of student. The main aim of teaching is to bring about socially desirable 
behavioral changes in the students and can be achieved only if teaching is effective and 
based on certain values o r principles. T eaching is one of the main parts of the teaching-
learning system. So effective teaching is mostly depending on the teacher. It is a common 
fact that a good teacher is born and not made. Training and research can make a good 
teacher better and a better teacher best.   
 Teacher should follow various m ethods of teaching devised from time to time. A teacher 
encourages the practice o f thinking among students. Teacher should give to the students 
the’ freedom and opportunity to express their ideas.  
, Teaching is required to give education to the students. We can define education as “the 
aggregate of all processes by means of w hich a person develops attributes, attitudes and 
other forms of behaviour of positive value in the society in ‘which he lives”. We can also 
define it as “the ‘social process by w hich people are subjected to the influence of a selected 
and controlled environment, so that they may attain social competence and optimum 
individual  developm ent”.  
 The complete process of education must contain four common factors 
 (i) Educator (teacher) 
  (ii)  Educand (Student)  
  (iii) the subject  matter  
 (iv) the context (setting). 
      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 3 
 
 Now, education is the process of developing some abilities in an individual. T hough abilities 
are inborn quality, it is also a fact that these can be nurtured and developed in an educand 
through various means by an educator. 
 Education m ust also be relevant and useful to the society in w hich educand has to live. 
Since ‘every individual is unique in their ow n way, the educator has to adopt strategies and 
methods suitable to individual needs. T he educational productivity  (rate of efficiency of 
work) can be classified as qualitative and quantitative. For better education both qualitative 
and quantitative productivity is required. Quality means here the excellence in the part o f 
textbook, teacher student aids, facilities and other teaching aids w here as quantity refers the 
number of teachers, institutions, professionals, etc. 
 Education is a com plex social cultural and ethical process designed in a social or cultural 
content. It is related w ith social structures, cultural environment, values, and ideas of people, 
society and government. All these factors are dynam ic in nature. So teaching is also a 
dynamic process and its definition changes according to place and tim e .Morrison defines it 
as a disciplined social process in w hich teacher influences the behaviours of the less 
experienced pupil and helps him develop according to the needs and ideas of the society. 
 A good definition of teaching should  
 (i) Tell w hether teaching is a process or act.  
 (ii) Clearly indicates constitutional factors.  
(iii) R eveals objectives, and  
(iv) Say som ething about its organizational tripolar process involving human or material 
source of teaching students and  set of organized activities designed and manipulated for 
bringing changes in the behaviour of the teaching.  
 Since teaching is a process and it is  dynamic in nature so it changes its con cept according 
to tim e and place. I t is a professional activity. Teaching can be analyzed and assessed. This 
analysis and assessment provide feedback for further improvement in methods of teaching. 
Teaching is highly dominated by communicating skill. It is interactive process carried w ith 
purpose and objectives, T eaching may have various forms:  formal, inform al, directional, 
instructional  formational; training, conditioning, talking, showing etc. All these w ords can’t  
Page 4


      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 1 
 
 For IIT-JA M, JN U, GA TE, N ET, N IMCET and Oth er Entran ce Exam s
1-C -8, S heela Ch ow dh ary R oad , T alw andi, K ota (R aj.) T el N o. 0744-2429714
Web Site www.vpmclasses.com E-mail-vpmclasses@yahoo.com
UGC NET  PAPER-I
GENERAL & TEACHING APTITUDE
SAMPLE THEORY

TEACHING APTITUDE
TEACHING APTITIUDE : INTRODUCTION





CLASSROOM INTRACTION
SUBJECT MATTER
TEACHING PROCESS
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF TEACHING
METHODS OF TEACHING
 SOME EXAMPLES
 
  
      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 2 
 
INTR ODUCTION 
 
 Teaching is a com plex process which brings socially desirable behavioral change in a 
person. Teaching is a part of teaching-learning process. It is required to bring certain 
changes in a person according to the need of his society and environment in w hich he is 
living. ‘Teaching is not an act as it is dynamic in nature so it is termed as process. I t is also 
not a fundam ental concept as it is greatly influenced by social and hum an factors. 
 Teaching is both art and science. It is an activity involving teacher and student w ith a view to 
the development of student. The main aim of teaching is to bring about socially desirable 
behavioral changes in the students and can be achieved only if teaching is effective and 
based on certain values o r principles. T eaching is one of the main parts of the teaching-
learning system. So effective teaching is mostly depending on the teacher. It is a common 
fact that a good teacher is born and not made. Training and research can make a good 
teacher better and a better teacher best.   
 Teacher should follow various m ethods of teaching devised from time to time. A teacher 
encourages the practice o f thinking among students. Teacher should give to the students 
the’ freedom and opportunity to express their ideas.  
, Teaching is required to give education to the students. We can define education as “the 
aggregate of all processes by means of w hich a person develops attributes, attitudes and 
other forms of behaviour of positive value in the society in ‘which he lives”. We can also 
define it as “the ‘social process by w hich people are subjected to the influence of a selected 
and controlled environment, so that they may attain social competence and optimum 
individual  developm ent”.  
 The complete process of education must contain four common factors 
 (i) Educator (teacher) 
  (ii)  Educand (Student)  
  (iii) the subject  matter  
 (iv) the context (setting). 
      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 3 
 
 Now, education is the process of developing some abilities in an individual. T hough abilities 
are inborn quality, it is also a fact that these can be nurtured and developed in an educand 
through various means by an educator. 
 Education m ust also be relevant and useful to the society in w hich educand has to live. 
Since ‘every individual is unique in their ow n way, the educator has to adopt strategies and 
methods suitable to individual needs. T he educational productivity  (rate of efficiency of 
work) can be classified as qualitative and quantitative. For better education both qualitative 
and quantitative productivity is required. Quality means here the excellence in the part o f 
textbook, teacher student aids, facilities and other teaching aids w here as quantity refers the 
number of teachers, institutions, professionals, etc. 
 Education is a com plex social cultural and ethical process designed in a social or cultural 
content. It is related w ith social structures, cultural environment, values, and ideas of people, 
society and government. All these factors are dynam ic in nature. So teaching is also a 
dynamic process and its definition changes according to place and tim e .Morrison defines it 
as a disciplined social process in w hich teacher influences the behaviours of the less 
experienced pupil and helps him develop according to the needs and ideas of the society. 
 A good definition of teaching should  
 (i) Tell w hether teaching is a process or act.  
 (ii) Clearly indicates constitutional factors.  
(iii) R eveals objectives, and  
(iv) Say som ething about its organizational tripolar process involving human or material 
source of teaching students and  set of organized activities designed and manipulated for 
bringing changes in the behaviour of the teaching.  
 Since teaching is a process and it is  dynamic in nature so it changes its con cept according 
to tim e and place. I t is a professional activity. Teaching can be analyzed and assessed. This 
analysis and assessment provide feedback for further improvement in methods of teaching. 
Teaching is highly dominated by communicating skill. It is interactive process carried w ith 
purpose and objectives, T eaching may have various forms:  formal, inform al, directional, 
instructional  formational; training, conditioning, talking, showing etc. All these w ords can’t  
      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 4 
 
be synonym of teaching. T eaching is a much broader term, All these activities are parts of  
teaching at different level. Teaching  has been analyzed in several  ways for understanding 
it, for designing. Teaching methods and materials w ith a view  to realizing specific objectives 
making teaching  m ore effective. T his modification is based on feedbacks.  
 
 TEACHER:-  
 Teacher is a person, w ho, due to his rich unusual experience in education or both in a given 
field is able to contribute to the grow th and development of the other person who comes in 
contact w ith him. T here are four dimensions associated w ith a teacher, his competence, 
efficacy, enthusiasm and m orale. 
  
Teacher’s com pet ence :  
 Teacher’s competence has been defined as the extent to w hich the teacher has the  
relevant subject m atter and the pedagogical expertise needed to impart the curriculum 
effectively. 
 
 Teacher’s efficacy:  
 It is defined as the self belief in his capacity of doing w hat is expected from them. 
 
 Teacher’s enthusiasm :  
 A teacher m ust be very enthusiastic. 
 
 Teacher’s Morale :  
 It is very important in maintaining balance in the classroom interaction. The various factors 
contributed to the m orale are psychological w ell being, self-esteem; commitment to a cause. 
Knowledge and identification  w ith the organizational goal. The teacher’s morale is a 
combination of psychological, physiological and environmental cause. 
 
 CLASSROOM INTERACTION:  
 The classroom interaction betw een a student and a teacher is com pletely based on the 
climate created by teacher. He should be able to bring the bondness of friendship w ith a 
definite degree of firmness. The interaction must be smooth and pleasant w ithout any 
Page 5


      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 1 
 
 For IIT-JA M, JN U, GA TE, N ET, N IMCET and Oth er Entran ce Exam s
1-C -8, S heela Ch ow dh ary R oad , T alw andi, K ota (R aj.) T el N o. 0744-2429714
Web Site www.vpmclasses.com E-mail-vpmclasses@yahoo.com
UGC NET  PAPER-I
GENERAL & TEACHING APTITUDE
SAMPLE THEORY

TEACHING APTITUDE
TEACHING APTITIUDE : INTRODUCTION





CLASSROOM INTRACTION
SUBJECT MATTER
TEACHING PROCESS
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF TEACHING
METHODS OF TEACHING
 SOME EXAMPLES
 
  
      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 2 
 
INTR ODUCTION 
 
 Teaching is a com plex process which brings socially desirable behavioral change in a 
person. Teaching is a part of teaching-learning process. It is required to bring certain 
changes in a person according to the need of his society and environment in w hich he is 
living. ‘Teaching is not an act as it is dynamic in nature so it is termed as process. I t is also 
not a fundam ental concept as it is greatly influenced by social and hum an factors. 
 Teaching is both art and science. It is an activity involving teacher and student w ith a view to 
the development of student. The main aim of teaching is to bring about socially desirable 
behavioral changes in the students and can be achieved only if teaching is effective and 
based on certain values o r principles. T eaching is one of the main parts of the teaching-
learning system. So effective teaching is mostly depending on the teacher. It is a common 
fact that a good teacher is born and not made. Training and research can make a good 
teacher better and a better teacher best.   
 Teacher should follow various m ethods of teaching devised from time to time. A teacher 
encourages the practice o f thinking among students. Teacher should give to the students 
the’ freedom and opportunity to express their ideas.  
, Teaching is required to give education to the students. We can define education as “the 
aggregate of all processes by means of w hich a person develops attributes, attitudes and 
other forms of behaviour of positive value in the society in ‘which he lives”. We can also 
define it as “the ‘social process by w hich people are subjected to the influence of a selected 
and controlled environment, so that they may attain social competence and optimum 
individual  developm ent”.  
 The complete process of education must contain four common factors 
 (i) Educator (teacher) 
  (ii)  Educand (Student)  
  (iii) the subject  matter  
 (iv) the context (setting). 
      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 3 
 
 Now, education is the process of developing some abilities in an individual. T hough abilities 
are inborn quality, it is also a fact that these can be nurtured and developed in an educand 
through various means by an educator. 
 Education m ust also be relevant and useful to the society in w hich educand has to live. 
Since ‘every individual is unique in their ow n way, the educator has to adopt strategies and 
methods suitable to individual needs. T he educational productivity  (rate of efficiency of 
work) can be classified as qualitative and quantitative. For better education both qualitative 
and quantitative productivity is required. Quality means here the excellence in the part o f 
textbook, teacher student aids, facilities and other teaching aids w here as quantity refers the 
number of teachers, institutions, professionals, etc. 
 Education is a com plex social cultural and ethical process designed in a social or cultural 
content. It is related w ith social structures, cultural environment, values, and ideas of people, 
society and government. All these factors are dynam ic in nature. So teaching is also a 
dynamic process and its definition changes according to place and tim e .Morrison defines it 
as a disciplined social process in w hich teacher influences the behaviours of the less 
experienced pupil and helps him develop according to the needs and ideas of the society. 
 A good definition of teaching should  
 (i) Tell w hether teaching is a process or act.  
 (ii) Clearly indicates constitutional factors.  
(iii) R eveals objectives, and  
(iv) Say som ething about its organizational tripolar process involving human or material 
source of teaching students and  set of organized activities designed and manipulated for 
bringing changes in the behaviour of the teaching.  
 Since teaching is a process and it is  dynamic in nature so it changes its con cept according 
to tim e and place. I t is a professional activity. Teaching can be analyzed and assessed. This 
analysis and assessment provide feedback for further improvement in methods of teaching. 
Teaching is highly dominated by communicating skill. It is interactive process carried w ith 
purpose and objectives, T eaching may have various forms:  formal, inform al, directional, 
instructional  formational; training, conditioning, talking, showing etc. All these w ords can’t  
      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 4 
 
be synonym of teaching. T eaching is a much broader term, All these activities are parts of  
teaching at different level. Teaching  has been analyzed in several  ways for understanding 
it, for designing. Teaching methods and materials w ith a view  to realizing specific objectives 
making teaching  m ore effective. T his modification is based on feedbacks.  
 
 TEACHER:-  
 Teacher is a person, w ho, due to his rich unusual experience in education or both in a given 
field is able to contribute to the grow th and development of the other person who comes in 
contact w ith him. T here are four dimensions associated w ith a teacher, his competence, 
efficacy, enthusiasm and m orale. 
  
Teacher’s com pet ence :  
 Teacher’s competence has been defined as the extent to w hich the teacher has the  
relevant subject m atter and the pedagogical expertise needed to impart the curriculum 
effectively. 
 
 Teacher’s efficacy:  
 It is defined as the self belief in his capacity of doing w hat is expected from them. 
 
 Teacher’s enthusiasm :  
 A teacher m ust be very enthusiastic. 
 
 Teacher’s Morale :  
 It is very important in maintaining balance in the classroom interaction. The various factors 
contributed to the m orale are psychological w ell being, self-esteem; commitment to a cause. 
Knowledge and identification  w ith the organizational goal. The teacher’s morale is a 
combination of psychological, physiological and environmental cause. 
 
 CLASSROOM INTERACTION:  
 The classroom interaction betw een a student and a teacher is com pletely based on the 
climate created by teacher. He should be able to bring the bondness of friendship w ith a 
definite degree of firmness. The interaction must be smooth and pleasant w ithout any 
      
 C SIR NET, GATE, IIT-JAM, UGC NET , TIFR, IISc, JEST , JNU, BHU , ISM , IBPS, CSAT, SLET, NIMCET, CTET  
 
 
 
Phone: 0744-2429714                              Mobile:  9001297111, 9829567114, 9001297243                              
Website: www.vpmclasses.com               E-Mail: vpmclasses@yahoo.com /info@vpmclasses.com        
Address: 1-C-8, Sheela Chowdhary Road, SFS, TALWANDI, KOTA, RAJASTHAN, 324005  
 Page 5 
 
friction for a complete and fruitful teaching learning process. Normally, verbalis m goes on in 
the name of teaching.  
 Students are merely expected to listen to the explanation and lectures. This is know n as 
direct teaching. The effectiveness of direct teaching has been questioned many times and it 
is found that this type of teaching is not very effective. For effective teaching the active, 
participation of students is very im portant. 
 This participation is done through the classroom interaction. This  interaction consist of their 
explanations and lectures w ith student’s suggestions, ideas concepts, and questions, etc. 
These activities of students make important for making teaching learning process e ffective, 
democratic and friendly. Interaction is required for the rectification of the  drawbacks of direct 
teaching. This interactive teaching is know n as indirect teaching. Through the interaction; 
the teacher analyses the capacity and requirem ent of students and can bring subsequent 
changes in their behaviour according to the requirement and can also change the w ay of 
teaching.  
 One of the m ost im portant things in classroom interaction is the communication. 
 
 SUB JECT MATTE R :  
 It is also know n as curriculum. Curriculum is a “general overall plan of the content or specific 
material of instruction that an educational institution should offer to the student by w ay of 
qualifying him for graduation or certification”. I t is also a body of prescribed educational 
experience under an institutional supervision, designed to provide an individual w ith the best 
possible training and experience to fit him for the society of which he/she is a part, or to 
qualify him for a trade or profession. It is also defined as “a subject matter, instructional 
materials, situations or experience that may help to develop understanding, skills, 
appreciation and attitudes. Curriculum should be logical, psychological and according to the 
needs of the pupil and also the society. It should be objective in approach. C urriculum can 
be of tw o types: 
 
  
 
 
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