FAQs on UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage Video Lecture - UPSC
|1. What is UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage?
Ans. UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage refers to the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, and skills that communities, groups, and individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage. It includes traditions, performing arts, social practices, rituals, and oral traditions that are passed down from generation to generation.
|2. How does UNESCO protect intangible cultural heritage?
Ans. UNESCO protects intangible cultural heritage by creating lists and promoting awareness. They maintain two lists: the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, which includes elements that require safeguarding, and the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding, which includes elements at risk of disappearing. UNESCO also provides financial assistance, technical support, and capacity-building activities to help communities safeguard their cultural practices.
|3. How is intangible cultural heritage different from tangible cultural heritage?
Ans. Intangible cultural heritage refers to non-physical aspects of culture, such as traditions, knowledge, and practices, that are transmitted orally or through social interactions. On the other hand, tangible cultural heritage includes physical objects like artifacts, buildings, and monuments that are preserved and displayed in museums or historic sites.
|4. Can anyone nominate an element for UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage list?
Ans. Yes, anyone can nominate an element for UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage list. Nominations can be submitted by governments, NGOs, community groups, or individuals. However, the element must meet certain criteria, such as being a living heritage, demonstrating community involvement, and having a strong cultural significance.
|5. What are the benefits of UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage designation?
Ans. The designation of an element as UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage brings several benefits. It raises awareness and recognition of the cultural practices, contributing to their preservation and transmission. It also fosters pride and identity among communities, promotes intercultural dialogue, and can attract tourism and economic opportunities. Additionally, UNESCO's support and resources assist in safeguarding and promoting the element at both national and international levels.