CA Foundation : Unit 1: Introduction to Partnership Accounts (Summary) CA Foundation Notes | EduRev
- The Indian Partnership Act defines partnership as “the relationship between persons who have agreed to share the profit of a business carried on by all or any of them acting for all.”
- The LLP will be a separate legal entity, liable to the full extent of its assets, with the liability of the partners being limited to their agreed contribution in the LLP which may be of tangible or intangible nature or both tangible and intangible in nature.
- In the partnership firm relations among the partners will be governed by mutual agreement. The agreement is known as Partnership Deed which is to be properly stamped.
- In the absence of an agreement, the interest and salary payable to a partner will be paid only if there is profit.
- During the course of business, a partnership firm will prepare Trading Account and a Profit and Loss Account at the end of every year.
- There are two methods of accounting –
i. Fixed capital method and
ii. Fluctuating capital method.
In fixed capital method, generally initial capital contributions by the partners are credited to partners’ capital accounts and all subsequent transactions and events are dealt with through current accounts, Unless a decision is taken to change it, initial capital account balance is not changed. In fluctuating capital method, no current account is maintained. All such transactions and events are passed through capital accounts. Naturally, capital account balance of the partners fluctuates every time. So in fixed capital method a fixed capital balance is maintained over a period of time while in fluctuating capital method capital account balances fluctuate all the time.
- Interest on capital of partners is calculated for the relevant period for which the amount of capital has been used in the business.
- Subject to contract between the partners, interest on capitals is to be provided out of profits only. Thus in case of loss, no interest is provided. But in case of insufficient profits (i.e., net profit less than the amount of interest on capital), the amount of profit is distributed in the ratio of capital as partners get profit by way of interest on capital only.
- Sometimes, one partner can enjoy the right to have minimum amount of profit in a year as per the terms of the partnership agreement. In such case, allocation of profit is done in a normal way if the share of partner, who has been guaranteed minimum profit, is more than the amount of guaranteed profit. However, if share of the partner is less than the guaranteed amount, he takes minimum profit and the excess of guaranteed share of profit over the actual share is borne by the remaining partners as per the agreement.