UPSC : Uprisings Against British Rule UPSC Notes | EduRev
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- The Ramosi and Gadkari revolts took place in Maharashtra.
- Lord Dalhousie tried to snatch away the remaining glory of the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah II by asking him to vacate the Red Fort and move to a humbler place.
- The first serious mutiny of the Indian soldiers in the British Army took place at Vellore
- Lord Dalhousie’s single measure, which went a long way in spreading the Revolt of 1857, was indiscrimiante application of the Doctrine of Lapse.Fig: Lord dalhousie
Suppression of Revolt of 1857
British Officers who recaptured it
It was recaptured on 20th September 1857 by John Nicholson. Hodson shot dead the sons of Bahadur Shah II.
The rebels were dfeated by General Havelock on 17th July 1857. Kanpur was finally captured on 6th December 1847 by Sir Colin Campbell.
Havelock besieged Lucknow but was captured by Campbell on 21st March 1858.
The revolt suppressed by William Taylor & Eyre in August 1857.
Hugh Rose suppressed the revolt.
- A leading British parliamentarian and politician, who admitted that the Revolt of 1857 was “a national revolt” not “a military mutiny”, was Disraeli.
- At Barrackpore, Mangal Pandey was hanged on March 29, 1857 and became a martyr. His crime was that he revolted and attacked his superior officers.
- The political significance of proclaiming the last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah II as ‘King Emperor of Hindustan’ was that Emperor Bahadur Shah II became the rallying point for the rebels.
- The most important centre of revolt in Rajasthan was Kotah
- The leader of the Revolt of 1857, who sent three letters to King Napoleon III of France during the rebellion, was Nana Saheb.
- The leader of the Revolt of 1857 in Assam was Diwan Maniram Dutta.
- The army of Emperor Bahadur Shah in Delhi was commanded by General Bakht Khan.
- Begum Hazrat Mahal led the revolt at Lucknow.
- Khan Bahadur Khan was the leader of the Revolt of 1857 in Rohilkhand.
- Maulvi Ahmadulla of Faizabad was one of the acknowledged leaders of the Revolt of 1857 in Awadh and after the defeat at Lucknow led the rebellion in Rohilkhand.
- At the time of the Revolt of 1857, the present day Uttar Pradesh was known as North-Western Provinces of Agra and Awadh.Fig: Nana Saheb
- Emperor Bahadur Shah and Nana Saheb are regarded as the central figures of the Revolt of 1857 because both were heirs of the most famous ruling dynasties—the Mughal and the Peshwa.
- The most fundamental weakness of the Revolt of 1857 was that the entire movement lacked a modern, unified, and forward-looking programme.
- The greatest weakness of Emperor Bahadur Shah was that he had no experience of administration and military capaigns.
- During the Revolt of 1857 the most trusted adviser of Emperor Bahadur Shah was Hakim Ahsanulla.
Book/Journal and Their Authors
My Experience with Truth
Discovery of India
Poverty and Un-British rule in India.
Din Bandhu Mitra
India Wins Freedom
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
Bibhuti Bhushan Bandopadhay
A night of eternal gloom for India
Nabin Chandra Sen
Ishwar Chandra Vidhya Sagar
Sayyid Ahmed Khan
Rabindra Nath Tagore
The Indian struggle
Subhas Chandra Bose
Why I am an Athiest
Indian National Evolution
Ambika Charan Majumdar
Vanguard of Indian Independence
- After the fall of Delhi to the English troops, the most brutal act of General Hodson, the commander of the English troops, was shooting down the three sons of Bahadur Shah at point-blank range.
- The main cause for the uprisings of the Kols (neighbours of Bhils in the hilly country traversed by the Sahyadris) in 1828, 1839 and 1844-48 was the loss of employment on account of dismantling of the forts by the British.
- A popular movement of the nineteenth century, which was much better planned, organised and knit than the Revolt of 1857, was the Wahabi movement.
- The wrath of the indigo agitations of the nineteenth century was mainly directed against the oppression of the foreign planters.
- The play Nil Darpan (1860) of the famous Bengali writer Dinbandu Mitra portrays the oppression of the indigo planters.
- The agrarian unrest in East Bengal during 1872-76 was largely directed against the oppression of the zamindars.
- The agrarian outbreak, also known as the Deccan Riots, in the Poona and Ahmednagar districts of Maharashtra in 1875 was mainly directed against the money-lenders.
- The rebellions of the Moplah peasants of Malabar (north Kerala) during 1836 to 1854 were directed against the oppression of Landlords.
- The tribal leader, who was regarded as an incarnation of God and Father of the World (Dharti Aba), was Birsa Munda.
- The main plank of the programme of the Faraizi sect, founded by Haji Shariatulla of Faridpur in Eastern Bengal, was Radical reforms in Muslim religious practices.