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Verbal Practice Questions - 2 - Notes | Study Mock Test series for GMAT - GMAT

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Read the following passage and answer the question that follows.
While hotels have traditionally held a firm grip on the market of vacation-goers, the emergence of companies fostering short-term rentals are dramatically changing the landscape of the travel industry. Before the advent of the modern online forum, short-term rentals were an arrangement limited by sheer logistics. Information about the availability of (and desire for) a short-term rental was difficult to transmit and share. However, with the current explosion of social media and cyber enterprise, the business model of short-term rentals has blossomed.
In 2011, 40% of travelers reported that they would be staying in a short-term rental during the year, as opposed to a traditional hotel. By 2013, this figure had jumped up to a staggering 49%. The short-term rental business is a $24 billion market, holding 8% of the total market of U.S. travel. Rapidly expanding and growing with the innovations of creative renters, the question that hangs in the air is what this means for communities. Short-term rentals have had a polarizing effect in many ways, becoming a source of joy for venturists and cause of dismay for many homeowners.
In recent news, there have been incredible scandals in which short-term renters have abused the property loaned to them, causing thousands of dollars' worth of property damage. Other accusations include disturbing the peace and the commission of criminal acts. Homeowners' Associations (HOAs) have been up in arms, and the legal backlash has been significant. New York enacted firm restrictions on short-term renters, and many HOAs now embed limits on the purposes that a space may be used for, barring short-term rentals.
However, this reaction is an over-reaction, and a detrimental one at that. Cities and towns that set hard limits against short-term rentals are halting the economic growth that would otherwise accompany them. Vacationers are likely to be deterred from venturing out to towns that have banned more affordable short-term rentals. While some vacationers might opt to stay at a hotel in desirable locations, as the short-term rental industry continues to grow, it will become more and more likely that vacation-goers will simply choose alternative destinations that actually allow for short-term rentals.
This is not to say, however, that short-term rentals should be completely unregulated. The key is imposing useful regulations that are mutually beneficial to both communities and to the proprietors of short-term rentals. One potential solution would be to impose reasonable taxes on visitors that use short-term rentals; having requirements for minimum stays could also ensure more consistency for the communities. This also has the added benefit of generating income for towns and cities. There is no reason why communities should see the short-term rental industry as an adversary, when it can just as easily be made into an ally.

Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:The purpose of this passage is to __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:The use of the underlined phrase "hard limits" in the context of the fourth paragraph most closely means __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:The author would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Which of the following most likely explains why Homeowners' Associations do not tend to support short-term rentals?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:    The primary purpose of the second paragraph is to __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Which of the following, if true, best supports the author's contention that bans against short-term rentals would inhibit economic development?
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Read the following passage and answer the question that follows.
"Why Learning Multiple Languages in Graduate School is Important" by Matthew Minerd (2013)
In graduate school, students are often required to learn a number of foreign languages in addition to their regular coursework. This can be quite frustrating and difficult, for the normal courses in graduate school require significantly more reading and writing than do undergraduate courses. It is not unusual for graduate students to have regular reading assignments of several hundred pages for each course that they take. Likewise, they often write papers of much greater length than those that they wrote as undergraduate students. When language examinations are added to this difficult course load, it can be very frustrating for graduate students to try to find the time to prepare for these additional examinations.
Although these frustrations are understandable, this system has not been created solely to cause woe for graduate students. Much of the work for which these students are being prepared will focus on research. While much has been written in English about many topics, adequate research can only be done if one is able to read what people have written in other languages. For instance, there are many important articles and books written about almost every topic by European scholars. If a graduate student does not know any foreign languages, all of these article and books will be impossible to read, and hence useless to their research endeavors. This would be a great loss for a student's research. Therefore, in spite of its frustrating aspects, the language examination process is an important component of graduate school education.

Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Which of the following sentences implies a negative outcome that might occur if graduate students no longer were required to study (and be examined in) foreign languages?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:What is the overall purpose of the passage?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:In addition to introducing the topic, what is the purpose of the first paragraph in this passage?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:What is the purpose of the second paragraph in this passage?
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Read the following passage and answer the question that follows.
Adapted from “Introductory Remarks” in The Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud (trans. 1913)
In attempting to discuss the interpretation of dreams, I do not believe that I have overstepped the bounds of neuropathological interest. For, when investigated psychologically, the dream proves to be the first link in a chain of abnormal psychic structures whose other links—the hysterical phobia, the obsession, and the delusion—must interest the physician for practical reasons. The dream can lay no claim to a corresponding practical significance; however, its theoretical value is very great, and one who cannot explain the origin of the content of dreams will strive in vain to understand phobias, obsessive and delusional ideas, and likewise their therapeutic importance.
While this relationship makes our subject important, it is responsible also for the deficiencies in this work. The surfaces of fracture, which will be frequently discussed, correspond to many points of contact where the problem of dream formation informs more comprehensive problems of psychopathology which cannot be discussed here. These larger issues will be elaborated upon in the future.
Peculiarities in the material I have used to elucidate the interpretation of dreams have rendered this publication difficult. The work itself will demonstrate why all dreams related in scientific literature or collected by others had to remain useless for my purpose. In choosing my examples, I had to limit myself to considering my own dreams and those of my patients who were under psychoanalytic treatment. I was restrained from utilizing material derived from my patients' dreams by the fact that during their treatment, the dream processes were subjected to an undesirable complication—the intermixture of neurotic characters. On the other hand, in discussing my own dreams, I was obliged to expose more of the intimacies of my psychic life than I should like, more so than generally falls to the task of an author who is not a poet but an investigator of nature. This was painful, but unavoidable; I had to put up with the inevitable in order to demonstrate the truth of my psychological results at all. To be sure, I disguised some of my indiscretions through omissions and substitutions, though I feel that these detract from the value of the examples in which they appear. I can only express the hope that the reader of this work, putting himself in my difficult position, will show patience, and also that anyone inclined to take offense at any of the reported dreams will concede freedom of thought at least to the dream life.

Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:The author has written this passage in order to __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:In the third paragraph, what does the author tell us about the omissions and substitutions he made when discussing his own dreams in the work that follow the passage?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:In the last sentence of the passage, the author attempts to __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:The author can be most accurately described as __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:The author argues that understanding the content of dreams is necessary for __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:The author discusses a topic that he plans to pursue in future work __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Based on what is stated in the passage, one can infer that the author __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:According to the author, studying phobias, obsessions, and delusions is __________, but studying dreams is not.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:The author could not rely upon the dreams related in scientific literature because __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:The business model of internet cafes is no longer capable of success in the United States. This is because the availability of internet has skyrocketed over the past several years. Free wifi is offered in most major coffee shops and stores. Additionally, Americans have mobile devices with plans that provide them with internet access. For those without devices, public libraries also provide computers offering internet access, free of charge.
Q. The argument depends on which of the following assumptions?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Landline telephone sales are declining and will no longer exist in a few decades. This is because almost everyone has cellular service or is able to rely on computer systems for their personal needs. Even in workplaces, landlines are becoming obsolete. 
Q. The argument depends on which of the following?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:A medical degree is necessary for appointment to the hospital's board of directors. Further, no one having more than a five-percent equity stake in a pharmaceutical company can be appointed to the board of directors. Consequently, Dell, a practicing physician with a PhD in bioethics, cannot be appointed the hospital's treasurer, since he owns fifteen percent of PillCo, a pharmaceutical company.
Q. The argument’s conclusion follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:All English Springer Spaniels have long hair. All Rottweilers have short hair. Each of Tina's dogs is a cross between an English Springer Spaniel and a Rottweiler. Therefore, Tina's dogs have medium-length hair.
Q. Which one of the following uses flawed reasoning that most closely resembles the flawed reasoning used in the argument above?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:After replacing her old air conditioner with a new, energy-efficient unit, Paula’s electric bills increased.
Q. Each of the following, if true, contributes to an explanation of the increase mentioned above EXCEPT:
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Creativity in Hollywood seems to be in short supply these days. Every movie or television show is either a sequel or remake of something we’ve seen before. Even worse is the practice of making movies based on toys. I remember when successful movies spawned toys; now the reverse is true. It seems like Hollywood has become averse to original thinking.
Q. The argument depends on which of the following assumptions?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Q. Any attempt to summarize modern music is not only challenging but also misled, as there are an incredible range of styles and expression in today’s music.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Q. Mercantilism was an economic theory and practice, dominant in Europe from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, that promoted the governmental regulation of a nation's economy in order to augment state power.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Q. Working hard to meet the oncoming deadline, the team began staying at the office well past midnight and returning to work before seven the next day.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
It is worth considering the work of a transitional figure the Englishman Richard Melville if we are to understand the changes that took place in the twenty years between these two philosophers.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Thomas Jefferson, the muted public speaker, was quite different from Thomas Jefferson, the firebrand author of the Declaration of Independence.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Even under the sunniest analyses, corporate profits sharply will go down over the final quarter of the year.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Consumer confidence began waning toward the end of the year, with experts citing rising gas prices as a key motivation for the change.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Terrorism is often defined as a violent act that is intended to create fear; perpetrated for a religious, political, or ideological goal; and deliberately targets noncombatants.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Creating new models is always a tricky proposition for mathematicians, always trying to do things no one else has ever done before.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Rebecca somberly turned to Ryan and whispered, "It's true, mom told me that "we can't afford the farm anymore" and that we'll have to sell it."
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
For most long tenured professors, the change meant nothing, assistant professors, however, were now extremely concerned about the new rules for promotion.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
The extraction of minerals left behind much different kinds of debris and detritus, all of which took months to fully clean up.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
The young man had many run-ins with the law at one point in his life, but has not been arrested since a long time.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
The speech was viewed curiously by his fellow candidates, all of who were interested in what political positions the governor would outline for his presidential run.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 2
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Recent historians have begun to reevaluate the career of General William Tecumseh Sherman, paint him as a war criminal and a monstrous villain.
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