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Verbal Practice Questions - 4 Notes | Study Mock Test series for GMAT - GMAT

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Read the following passage and answer the question that follows.
Adapted from “The Influence of the Conception of Evolution on Modern Philosophy” by H. Höffding (1909) in Evolution in Modern Thought (1917 ed.)
When The Origin of Species appeared fifty years ago, Romantic speculation, Schelling's and Hegel's philosophy, still reigned on the continent, while in England, Positivism, the philosophy of Comte and Stuart Mill, represented the most important trend of thought. German speculation had much to say on evolution; it even pretended to be a philosophy of evolution. But then the word "evolution" was to be taken in an ideal, not in a real, sense. To speculative thought, the forms and types of nature formed a system of ideas, within which any form could lead us by continuous transitions to any other. It was a classificatory system which was regarded as a divine world of thought or images, within which metamorphoses could go on—a condition comparable with that in the mind of the poet when one image follows another with imperceptible changes.
Goethe's ideas of evolution, as expressed in his Metamorphosen der Pflanzen und der Thiere, belong to this category; it is, therefore, incorrect to call him a forerunner of Darwin. Schelling and Hegel held the same idea; Hegel expressly rejected the conception of a real evolution in time as coarse and materialistic. "Nature," he says, "is to be considered as a system of stages, the one necessarily arising from the other, and being the nearest truth of that from which it proceeds; but not in such a way that the one is naturally generated by the other; on the contrary [their connection lies] in the inner idea which is the ground of nature. The metamorphosis can be ascribed only to the notion as such, because it alone is evolution.... It has been a clumsy idea in the older as well as in the newer philosophy of nature, to regard the transformation and the transition from one natural form and sphere to a higher as an outward and actual production."

Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Which of the following best describes the author’s presentation of Hegel’s thought about evolution?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:What is the overall purpose of this selection?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:What is a good definition for the term "Romantic" as it is used in this passage?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Which of the following is likely true about “Romantic speculation”?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Based on the passage, which of the following can be inferred about Schelling’s thought?
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Read the following passage and answer the question that follows.
Adapted from The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith (1776)
The greatest improvements in the productive powers of labor, and the greater part of the skill, dexterity, and judgment with which it is anywhere directed or applied, seem to have been the effects of the division of labor. The effects of the division of labor, in the general business of society, will be more easily understood by considering in what manner it operates in some particular manufactures. It is commonly supposed to be carried furthest in some very trifling ones; not perhaps that it really is carried further in them than in others of more importance, but in those trifling manufactures that are destined to supply the small wants of but a small number of people, the whole number of workmen must necessarily be small; and those employed in every different branch of the work can often be collected into the same workhouse, and placed at once under the view of the spectator.
In those great manufactures, on the contrary, which are destined to supply the great wants of the great body of the people, every different branch of the work employs so great a number of workmen that it is impossible to collect them all into the same workhouse. We can seldom see more, at one time, than those employed in one single branch. Though in such manufactures, therefore, the work may really be divided into a much greater number of parts, than in those of a more trifling nature, the division is not near so obvious, and has accordingly been much less observed.
To take an example, therefore, from a very trifling manufacture, but one in which the division of labor has been very often taken notice of: the trade of a pin-maker. A workman not educated to this business (which the division of labor has rendered a distinct trade), nor acquainted with the use of the machinery employed in it (to the invention of which the same division of labor has probably given occasion), could scarce, perhaps, with his utmost industry, make one pin in a day, and certainly could not make twenty. But in the way in which this business is now carried on, not only the whole work is a peculiar trade, but it is divided into a number of branches, of which the greater part are likewise peculiar trades. One man draws out the wire; another straights it; a third cuts it; a fourth points it; a fifth grinds it at the top for receiving the head; to make the head requires two or three distinct operations; to put it on is a peculiar business; to whiten the pins is another; it is even a trade by itself to put them into the paper; and the important business of making a pin is, in this manner, divided into about eighteen distinct operations, which, in some manufactories, are all performed by distinct hands, though in others the same man will sometimes perform two or three of them.
In every other art and manufacture, the effects of the division of labour are similar to what they are in this very trifling one; though, in many of them, the labour can neither be so much subdivided, nor reduced to so great a simplicity of operation. The division of labour, however, so far as it can be introduced, occasions, in every art, a proportionable increase of the productive powers of labour. The separation of different trades and employments from one another, seems to have taken place, in consequence of this advantage.

Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:The tone of this passage is best described as __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Which of the following best states the main idea of the passage?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Which of the following terms could replace the word “scarce” in the underlined sentence without changing its meaning?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:It is easier to observe the division of labor in small industries than in large ones because __________.
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Read the following passage and answer the question that follows.

Adapted from Volume Four of The Natural History of Animals: The Animal Life of the World in Its Various Aspects and Relations by James Richard Ainsworth Davis (1903)
The examples of protective resemblance so far quoted are mostly permanent adaptations to one particular sort of surrounding. There are, however, numerous animals which possess the power of adjusting their color more or less rapidly so as to harmonize with a changing environment.
Some of the best known of these cases are found among those mammals and birds that inhabit countries more or less covered with snow during a part of the year. A good instance is afforded by the Irish or variable hare, which is chiefly found in Ireland and Scotland. In summer, this looks very much like an ordinary hare, though rather grayer in tint and smaller in size, but in winter it becomes white with the exception of the black tips to the ears. Investigations that have been made on the closely allied American hare seem to show that the phenomenon is due to the growth of new hairs of white hue.
The common stoat is subject to similar color change in the northern parts of its range. In summer it is of a bright reddish brown color with the exception of the under parts, which are yellowish white, and the end of the tail, which is black. But in winter, the entire coat, save only the tip of the tail, becomes white, and in that condition the animal is known as an ermine. A similar example is afforded by the weasel. The seasonal change in the vegetarian Irish hare is purely of protective character, but in such an actively carnivorous creature as a stoat or weasel, it is aggressive as well, rendering the animal inconspicuous to its prey.

Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Which of the following best describes the structure of the passage?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:What can we infer preceded this paragraph?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Based on the passage, what can we infer about the weasel?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:A stoat might also be called __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:The purpose of the passage’s third paragraph is __________.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:For what reason does the author describe the Irish hare as “vegetarian” in the underlined sentence?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Comic books are no longer just for children. They deal with adult themes like government surveillance, terrorism, sexuality, religion, conformity and repression. Although costumed heroes, villains and super powers populate the medium, stories are told in more realistic settings and characters deal with more realistic problems. For this reason, the notion that comic books are merely juvenile, escapist fare is no longer true, if it ever actually was.
Q. The argument depends on which of the following assumptions?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Humanity’s long-term survival depends on developing the capacity for space travel. Even if we learn to make better use of our natural resources, control population growth and live in harmony with our environment, our sun will eventually die. If our species is to survive, then we must develop the means to find and settle a new planet that we can call home.
Q. The argument depends on which of the following assumptions?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Capital punishment needs to be enacted more widely. Today’s criminals know that the appeals process can drag on indefinitely and that executions are becoming increasingly rare. Is it any wonder that our prisons are so overcrowded? Criminals know that their odds of facing the death penalty are the lowest in history.
Q. The argument depends on which of the following assumptions?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Unions still have a vital role to play in society despite their declining membership. Issues like the minimum wage, health care, pension insolvency and outsourcing still affect millions of workers. While “union bosses” make easy targets for some politicians, it doesn’t change the fact that unions are the only institution run by and for workers. For this reason, if for no other, they will survive.
Q. The argument depends on which of the following assumptions?
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
The cause of the disease was still unclear to the scientific community, despite copious tests.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
The player was switching between sports, an act rarely seen from professional athletes in the modern age.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
The lights were turned off at the same time every night, with no exceptions or changes.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
The many examples of financial malfeasance at the company made all the executives resign.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
One such transitional figure Richard Melville, who worked in the time between Aquinas and Duns Scotus, developed several new positions that would later be incorporated into the work of later authors.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
For Kant, ever the optimist moral progress within a community is almost inevitable.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
She told her children that she would take them to either the toy store or to the ice cream parlor if they finished all their chores on time.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
The last time it snowed, that was in February, my dad lost control of his car and hit a tree.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
Prisons are a relatively recent phenomenon in world history, because exorbitant costs.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.Walking into the room, the conference table dominated the interviewee's vision.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
Only they read the author's books, and refuse to touch books by anyone else.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
Mr. and Mrs. Jeffries are nervous about finding out where they will be accepted to graduate school, as where they are accepted may force them to have a long-distance relationship and they have never had that before.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
No one has ever sailed through the treacherous waters was able to tell anyone about it afterward.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
Published in 1926, The Weary Blues was the first book written by poet Langston Hughes; and even today, it is widely regarded as one of the most influential works in American history.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
“Words like prejudice and bigotry are too negative for this publication,” she said.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
Pensions are a complicated financial problem for many municipalities; but many cities have made changes to their pension programs in recent years.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
The appeal of art is largely a subjective experience that critics nonetheless take as an objective studies.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
The chefs of New York City cannot compare with the home-cooked meals of my mother.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
In the past, corporations had very few restrictions on what they had to pay from employee's wages.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
She said that she was going to choose whomever was the first person to submit his or her resume.
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Question for Verbal Practice Questions - 4
Try yourself:Replace the underlined portion with the answer choice that results in a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English. One of the answer choices reproduces the underlined portion as it is written in the sentence.
If I was you, I would leave that job immediately.
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