A verb (क्रिया) is a word that expresses an action, an event, or a state of being. In both Hindi and English, verbs play a crucial role in the formation of sentences.
क्रिया वाक्य के वह शब्द होते हैं जो किसी काम, घटना या स्थिति को व्यक्त करते हैं। क्रियाओं को वाक्य के सबसे महत्वपूर्ण अंग में माना जाता है, क्योंकि वे वाक्य का आधार होती हैं और उसे सही ढंग से संरचित करते हैं।
Examples of countable verbs in English and Hindi with sentences:
Countable verbs, also known as count verbs, are the verbs that can be counted or quantified. These verbs can be used in both singular and plural forms, and can be used with the indefinite articles 'a' and 'an'. Here are some examples of countable verbs:
Note: Countable verbs can be easily identified by asking the question "How many?" or "How much?" before the verb in a sentence. If the answer is a numerical value, then the verb is countable. In Hindi, countable verbs are called "गिनतीय क्रियाएँ" or "संख्यात्मक क्रियाएँ".
1. Action Verbs: To run (दौड़ना)
2. Linking Verbs: To be (होना)
3. Helping Verbs: To have (होना (Hona) or रखना (Rakhna)
4. Transitive Verbs: To eat (खाना)
5. Intransitive Verbs: To swim (तैरना)
Verbs play a crucial role in both English and Hindi by expressing actions, states of being, and relationships between subjects and objects. They help create meaning and provide a structure for sentences.
Exercise 1: Identify the verb in each sentence and determine whether it is an action verb or a linking verb.
(i) The cat slept on the couch.
Verb: slept (action verb)
In this sentence, the action performed by the cat is sleeping, which makes "slept" an action verb.
(ii) She appears tired after work.
Verb: appears (linking verb)
Here, "appears" is not an action but rather serves to connect the subject (she) to the adjective (tired), making it a linking verb.
Exercise 2: Choose the correct form of the verb in parentheses to complete each sentence.
(i) The children (is/are) playing in the park.
Correct: The children are playing in the park.
Since "children" is plural, the appropriate verb form is "are."
(ii) She (has/have) been studying for hours.
Correct: She has been studying for hours.
In this case, the subject "she" is singular, so the verb "has" is the correct choice.
Exercise 3: Change the verb in each sentence to the past tense.
(i) I walk to the store every day.
Past tense: I walked to the store every day.
The past tense of "walk" is "walked."
(ii) She eats a sandwich for lunch.
Past tense: She ate a sandwich for lunch.
The past tense of "eats" is "ate."
Exercise 4: Identify the helping verb(s) in each sentence.
(i) She has been studying for hours.
Helping verbs: has, been
In this sentence, "has" and "been" are used together to create the present perfect continuous tense, making them helping verbs.
(ii) I will go to the store later.
Helping verb: will
"Will" is a helping verb used to indicate the future tense of the action verb "go."
Exercise 5: Rewrite each sentence using a different verb tense, as indicated.
(i) She walks to the store every day. (past continuous)
New sentence: She was walking to the store every day.
The past continuous tense of "walks" is "was walking."
(ii) They have finished their homework. (future perfect)
New sentence: They will have finished their homework.
The future perfect tense of "have finished" is "will have finished."
1. Incorrect: She had read the book before I finished it.
Correct: She had read the book before I had finished it.
Both actions happened in the past, so we use the past perfect tense (had + past participle) for both verbs.
2. Incorrect: If I would have known about the party, I would have come.
Correct: If I had known about the party, I would have come.
For the third conditional, we use "had + past participle" in the if-clause and "would have + past participle" in the main clause.
3. Incorrect: He must has finished his homework by now.
Correct: He must have finished his homework by now.
After modal verbs like "must," we use the base form of the verb. In this case, we need to use "have" instead of "has."
4. Incorrect: She is wanting to buy a new car.
Correct: She wants to buy a new car.
We don't use continuous forms with stative verbs like "want." Instead, we use the simple present tense.
5. Incorrect: The students was studying for their exams.
Correct: The students were studying for their exams.
The subject "students" is plural, so we need to use the plural form of the verb, "were," instead of the singular form "was."
6. Incorrect: Neither the teacher nor the students was happy with the results.
Correct: Neither the teacher nor the students were happy with the results.
When "neither...nor" joins two subjects, the verb agrees with the subject closest to it. In this case, "students" is plural, so the verb should be "were."
7. Incorrect: They has been living in this house for 20 years.
Correct: They have been living in this house for 20 years.
The subject "they" is plural, so we need to use the plural form of the verb, "have," instead of the singular form "has."
8. Incorrect: The dog chased it's tail.
Correct: The dog chased its tail.
The possessive form of "it" is "its," without an apostrophe. "It's" is a contraction of "it is" or "it has."
9. Incorrect: The books is on the table.
Correct: The books are on the table.
The subject "books" is plural, so we need to use the plural form of the verb, "are," instead of the singular form "is."
10. Incorrect: She don't like chocolate.
Correct: She doesn't like chocolate.
For the third person singular (he, she, it), we use "doesn't" (does not) instead of "don't" (do not).
|1. क्रिया क्या होती है?|
|2. क्रिया के कितने प्रकार होते हैं?|
|3. क्रिया के उदाहरण दीजिए।|
|4. क्रिया किसे कहते हैं?|
|5. क्रिया क्यों महत्वपूर्ण होती है?|