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Very Short, Short and Long Answers - The Changing World of Visual Arts, History, Class 8 Notes | Study Class 8 Social Science by VP Classes - Class 8

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VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
 

Q.1. What did the idea of realism mean?
Ans
. In fact it was a belief that artists observe carefully and defict faithfully what the eye see.
 

Q.2. How did oil painting help artists?
Ans.
Oil painting enabled artists to produce images that looked real.
 

Q.3. H ow di d pi cturesque l andscape painting depict India?
Ans.
This style of painting depicted India as a quaint land.
 

Q.4. How were colonial portraits different from traditional Indian portraits? [Imp.]
Ans.
Traditional Indian portraits were very small while colonial portraits were life-size images that looked lifelike and real.
 

Q.5. How can you say that Tipu Sultan had great liking for mural paintings? [Imp.]
Ans.
Tipu Sultan got the walls of his palace at Seringapatam covered with mural paintings done by local artists.
 

Q.6. Who was Samuel Bourne? When did he come to India?
Ans.
Samuel Bourne was a photographer who came to India in the early 1860s.
 

Q.7. What was Bourne and Shephard?
Ans.
Samuel Bourne set up a photographic studio in Calcutta which came to be known as Bourne and Shephard.
 

Q.8. What did Indian photographers often record? [V. Imp.]
Ans.
Indian photographers often recorded the nationalist marches and meetings as well as the everyday life of the people.
 

Q.9. Who was Raja Ravi Verma? [V.Imp.]
Ans.
Raja Ravi Verma was one of the first artists who tried to create a style that was both modern and national. He belonged to the family of the Maharajas of Travancore in Kerala.
 

Q.10.What was the theme of Ravi Verma’s paintings?
Ans.
The theme of Ravi Verma’s paintings was Indian mythology.
 

Q.11.Among whom did the mythological paintings of Ravi Verma become very popular?
Ans.
His paintings became very popular among Indian princes and art collectors.
 


SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
 

Q.1. Write a short note on picturesque landscape painting.
Ans
. Picturesque landscape painting depicted India as a quaint land, to be explored by travelling British artists. Its landscape was rugged and wild, seemingly untamed by human hands. Thomas Daniell and his nephew William Daniell were the two famous artists of this tradition. They stayed in India for seven years and travelled from Calcutta to northern and southern India. They produced some of the most evocative picturesque landscapes of Britain’s newly conquered territories in India.
 

Q.2. Give an account of Company paintings.
Ans.
The British officials wanted images through which they could understand India, remember their life in India and depict India to the Western world. Therefore, they engaged local painters, who began producing a huge number of images of local plants and animals, historical buildings and monuments, festivals and processions, trades and crafts, castes and communities. These pictures were collected by the East India Company officials. Therefore, they came to be known as Company paintings.
The main features of Company paintings is that people were painted against empty spaces.
 

Q.3. Write a short note on the art of photography practised by Europeans in India.
Ans.
By the mid-19th century the European photographers began travelling to India, taking pictures, setting up studios and establishing photographic societies to promote the art of photography. Some photographers were portrait painters and they began taking photographs of imperial officials, presenting them as figures of authority and power.
Other photographers toured the country in search for ruined buildings and picturesque landscapes. Yet others recorded moments of British military triumph. There were some photographers who recorded the cultural diversity of India in ways 
that showed India like a primitive country.
 


LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. What happened to the artists who earlier painted miniatures? How did the painters at Indian courts react to the new traditions of imperial art? [V. Imp.]
Ans.
There were different trends in different courts. In Mysore, Tipu Sultan not only fought the British on the battlefield but also resisted the cultural traditions associated with them. He continued to encourage local traditions. The walls of his palace at Seringapatam were covered with mural paintings done by local artists. In the court of Murshidabad, there was a different trend. Here in this court, after defeating Sirajuddaulah the British had successfully installed their puppet Nawabs on the throne, first Mir Zafar and then Mir Qasim. The court at Murshidabad encouraged local miniature artists to absorb the tastes and artistic styles of the British.
Several local courts lost their influence and wealth with the establishment of British power in India. As a result, it became difficult for them to support painters and pay them to paint for the court. This compelled many of these artists turn to the British. The British officials found the world in the colonies different from that back home. They wanted images through which they could understand India, remember their life in India, and depict India to the western world. The local painters, therefore, began producing a vast number of images of local plants and animals, historical buildings and monuments, festivals and processions, trades and crafts, castes and communities.

 


PICTURE-BASED QUESTIONS
 

Observe the picture and answer the questions that follow: 1.

Very Short, Short and Long Answers - The Changing World of Visual Arts, History, Class 8 Notes | Study Class 8 Social Science by VP Classes - Class 8

Questions:
(i) How is Clive portrayed in the first figure?
(ii) What are the ways in which artist has depicted the victory of the British?
(iii) Why is the British flag placed there?
Answers:
(i) Clive is portrayed as being welcomed by Mir Zafar and his troops after the Battle of Plassey.
(ii) The artist has depicted the British troops storming the fort of Tipu’s palace from all sides, cutting his soldiers to pieces, climbing the walls, raising the British flag aloft on the ramparts of Tipu’s fort.
(iii) The British flag is placed these to show the supremacy of the British power.

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