Q.1. Ingredients of food contain ______.
Q.2. Write the name of any two major nutrients in our food?
Ans. Carbohydrates and protein
Major Nutrients in Our Food
Q.3. Other than nutrients, food also contains ______.
Ans. Dietary fibres
Q.4. The main carbohydrates found in our food are in the form of ______ and ______ .
Ans. Starch and Sugar
Q.5. After putting 2-3 drops of dilute iodine solution on food item, it turns blue black. What does it indicate?
Ans. It indicates that it contains starch.
Q.6. Starch is present in raw potato. (True/False)
Q.7. An oily patch on paper shows that food item contains ______.
Q.8. Does a food item contain more than one nutrient?
Q.9. Carbohydrates provide ______ to our body.
Q.10. What are ‘energy giving foods’?
Ans. Foods containing fats and carbohydrates are called ‘energy giving food’.
Q.11. Write any two sources of carbohydrates?
Ans. Potato and wheat
Q.12. Carbohydrates mainly provide energy whereas protein is needed for ______ of body.
Q.13. Write the name of two sources of protein?
Ans. Gram and beans
Q.14. Write any two sources of fats?
Ans. Meat and butter
Q.15. What type of food is called ‘body building food’?
Ans. Foods containing proteins are called ‘body building food’.
Q.16. Write one function of vitamins in our body?
Ans. Vitamins help in protecting our body against diseases.
Q.17. What are the functions of vitamin A in our body?
Ans. Vitamin A keeps our skin and eyes healthy.
Q.18. Vitamin D helps our body to use ______ for bones and teeth.
Q.19. Our body also prepares Vitamin D in the presence of ______.
Q.20. Write any two sources of Vitamin C?
Ans. Lemon and orange
Two Sources of Vitamin C
Q.21. Minerals are needed in our body in ______ amount.
Q.22. Dietary fibres are also known as roughage. (True/False)
Q.23. What are the sources of roughage?
Ans. Pulses, fruits etc. are sources of roughage.
Q.24. Animal food also consists of nutrients.(True/False)
Q.25. By eating too much of fat rich food we may suffer from ______.
Q.26. Diseases due to lack of nutrients over a long period are called ______.
Ans. Deficiency diseases
Q.27. Which disease is caused by deficiency of Vitamin B?
Q.28. Goiter is caused due to deficiency of ______.
Q.29. Which disease is caused by deficiency of Vitamin A?
Ans. Night blindness
Q.30. Which disease is caused by deficiency of Vitamin C?
Q.31. Deficiency of calcium may lead to ______.
Ans. Bone and tooth decay
Q.32. By eating meat alone we can fulfil the nutritional requirement of our body. (True/False)
Q.33. Poor vision may occur due to deficiency of ______.
Ans. Vitamin A
Q.34. Deficiency of Vitamin D leads to ______.
Q.35. If diet is deficient in carbohydrates for long period of time, person may become thin and weak. (True/False)
Q.36. Deficiency of ______ causes anaemia.
Q.37. All deficiency diseases can be prevented by ______.
Ans. Balanced diet
Q.38. Tomatoes contain vitamin C. (True/False)