Very Short Q & A :
Q1: What do you mean by The word "Janapadas"?
Ans : land where the jana set its foot and settled down.
Q2: Janapada could be a republic or a ________.
Ans : Monarchy
Q3: What do you mean by mahajanapadas?
Ans : Some janapadas gained control over large areas and became mahajanapadas
Q4: List an important charactersistics of the Ganges civilisation of Northern India.
Ans : Painted grey ware frequently decorated with simple designs in black or red paint, These were used on special occasions to serve special food.
Q5: What was the use of the Painted grey ware?
Ans : These were used on special occasions to serve special food.
Q6: Who conquered the last of the ganas or sanghas?
Ans : Gupta rulers
Q7: What is the meaning of term Ashvamedha ?
Ans : horse sacrifice
Q8: Some kings were recognised as 'rajas' due to the big sacrifices they made. True/False
Ans : true
Q9: Name the most important centre for making objects out of stone, shell and metal.
Ans : Charioteer
Q10: Who composed later Vedic books?
Ans : Priests
Q11: later Vedic books are named so e because they were composed after the ____________.
Ans : Rigveda
Q12: Write the name of a new tool which was used to dig earth for turning the soil and planting trees.
Ans : Plough
Q13: The Shudras had to serve the other three groups from the caste hierarchy. True/False
Ans : true
Q14: Who where Kammakaras?
Ans : Landless Agricultural labourers
Q15: List a work done by Kammakaras.
Ans : The work of transplantation of paddy was a back breaking work.
Q16: Amongst the others, the later vedic literature generally included the _________.
Ans : Sama Veda
Q17: Into how many groups, the Later vedic society was divided?
Ans : Four
Q18: Name the four groups into which Later vedic society was divided.
Ans : Brahmins, Kshaytriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras.
Q19: The special type of pottery found at Janapadas was _____________.
Ans : painted grey ware
Q20: Why did kings fortified their capital city?
Ans : For protection and showing off their wealth
Q21: Soldiers of ancient period were paid regular salaries. True/False
Ans : True
Q22: List one of the major changes that occurred in the field of agriculture.
Ans : growing use of iron plough shares.
Q23: What led to the increase in the production?
Ans : the introduction of iron plough shares
Q24: Name the group of people who were not allowed to participate in the assemblies of the ganas.
Ans : women, dasas and kammakaras
Q25: Alexander lived in ______________.
Ans : Macedonia, in Europe
Q26: Buddha and Mahavira belonged to which group ?
Ans : Kshatriyas
Q27: What was the name of the minister of Ajatasatru?
Ans : Vassakara
Q28: Ajatasattu wanted to attack the __________.
Ans : Vajjis
Q29: Name a famous Buddhist book.
Ans : Digha Nikaya
Q30: What is the another name of famous Buddhist book 'Collection of Long Discources’?
Ans : Digha Nikaya
Q31: Why did Alexander’s soldiers refused to march further from the bank of river Beas?
Ans : they were afraid of the Indian armies.
Q32: What did the forests provided to the people of Magadha?
Ans : wood for building houses and chariots
Q33: Bimbisara and Ajatasatru were rulers of ____________.
Ans : Magadha
Q34: In Magadha elephants were captured and used in army. True/False
Ans : True
Q35: Avanti had its capital at _____________.
Ans : Ujjain
Q36: What was the most important source of revenue to the state?
Ans : Agriculture
Q37: What was bhaga or a share?
Ans : the tax was fixed at 1/6th of the crop produced. This was known as bhaga or a share.
Q38: Name the great religious leader who belonged to gana-sangha.
Ans : Lord Mahavira
Q39: Name the capital of the state of Vajji.
Ans : Vaishali
Q40: The capital of Magadha shifted from _______to _______.
Ans : Ujjain to Vaishali
Q41: List some important mahajanapadas.
Ans : Among the important mahajanapadas were Kosala, Vatsa, Magadha, Vajji and Avanti
Q42: Name the capital of Magadha.
Ans : Rajagriha
Q43: A king of Macedonia who wanted to become the conqueror of the world.
Ans : Alexander
Q44: List the feature that contributed the most to the rise of mahajanapadas.
Ans : expansion of territories by the janapadas
Q45: How many mahajanapadas was there?
Ans : There were altogether 16 mahajanapadas.
Q46: TThe members of the Vajji gana enjoyed the title of ______________.
Ans : Raja
Q47: Define bhaga.
Ans : The collection of taxes on crops during the time of Mahajanapadas.
Q48: Name two most important rivers of the Magadha, which contributed in its development.
Ans : Ganga and the Son.
Q49: Bimbisara and Ajatasattu were the kings of________.
Ans : Magadh
Q50: Who provided the first evidence of democratic form of government?
Ans : Greece