Very Short Q & A :
Q1: What is the main reason for the upliftment and sinking of the earth?
Ans : Continuous movement within earth's interior
Q2: Name the highest peak in the world.
Ans : Mount Everest
Q3: Give examples of block mountains.
Ans : Rhine valley and the Vosges mountain in Europe
Q4: Jog Falls are situated in _________.
Ans : Karnataka.
Q5: Mauna Kea is an under sea mountain. True/ False
Ans : True
Q6: What do you mean by Range of mountains?
Ans : group of mountains in a continuous line.
Q7: Name the oldest Fold Mountain System in the world.
Ans : Aravali range.
Q8: Give an example of fold mountains.
Ans : Ural Mountains in Russia
Q9: How do Volcanic Mountains are formed?
Ans : Due to volcanic activities inside the earth.
Q10: Give an example of Volcanic Mountain.
Ans : Mt. Kilimanjaro.
Q11: The lava plateaus have black soil good for growing _______.
Ans : cotton
Q12: What kind of soil are found in the lava plateaus?
Ans : black soil.
Q13: Define a plateau.
Ans : is a flat topped table land standing above the surrounding area.
Q14: Name the oldest plateau in India.
Ans : Deccan
Q15: Block Mountains are formed due to
1. vertical displacement.
2. lateral displacement.
3. horizontal displacement.
4. water displacement
Ans : vertical displacement.
Q16: What are glaciers?
Ans : Glaciers are the permanently frozen rivers of ice.
Q17: Name the plateau famous for gold and diamond mining.
Ans : African plateau
Q18: Why Plateaus are very useful?
Ans : Plateaus are very useful because they are rich in mineral deposits.
Q19: Name the highest waterfall in India.
Ans : Jog Fall
Q20: The most productive area for cultivation is the plain. True/False.
Ans : True
Q21: Name the place where Rope Bridge is situated.
Ans : Arunachal Pradesh.
Q22: A famous mountain range of Europe is the ______.
Ans : Alps.
Q23: Name the old fold mountain of Russia.
Ans : Ural
Q24: An elevated flat table topped land is called a ___________.
Ans : plateau.
Q25: Where is Mauna Kea situated?
Ans : Hawaii
Q26: Name the place where the Hundru falls on the river Subarnarekha is situated.
Ans : Chhotanagpur plateau.
Q27: Mountains are useful because they have
a. rich mineral deposits.
b. rich variety of flora and fauna.
c. rich solar energy.
d. ideal conditions for human habilitation.
Ans : rich variety of flora and fauna.
Q28: Give a reason why less people live in the mountain region?
Ans : Because climate is harsh
Q29: Chhotanagpur plateau has a huge reserve of Gold. True/False
Ans : False
Q30: Name the river on which Hundru falls is located.
Ans : River Subarnarekha.
Q31: Flora means _______ kingdom.
Ans : Plants
Q32: Name the most popular sport in the mountains.
Ans : Skiing
Q33: Paragliding is a sport associated with _________.
Ans : Mountains
Q34: Why does less land is available for farming on mountains?
Ans : As slopes are steep on mountains, less land is available for farming.
Q35: Name the mountain range that has considerably worn down due to the processes of erosion
Ans : Aravali.
Q36: Why we call mountains as storehouse of water?
Ans : Glaciers provides water
Q37: What do you mean by horst?
Ans : The uplifted block between two normal faults is known as horst.
Q38: What do you mean by graben?
Ans : The lowered block between two normal faults is known as graben.
Q39: What is erosion?
Ans : The wearing away of the earth’s surface is called erosion.
Q40: Name the most populated region of India.
Ans : Indo-Gangetic plain is the most populated region of India.