Vijayanagar Empire UPSC Notes | EduRev

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  • The first dynasty of the empire of Vijayanagar is known as Sangama because it was named after Sangama, the father of Harihara and Bukka.
  • On the banks of Tungabhadra river was the city of Vijayanagar located.
  • The Raichur Doab, the permanent bone of contention between the kingdoms of Vijayanagar and Bahmani, was the region between the rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra.
  • The Sangama king who sent an embassy to China was Bukka I.
  • The dynasty which came to the throne after the ‘first usurpation’ was Saluva.
  • Krishnadeva belonged to the Tuluva dynasty.
  • Krishnadeva Raya is known as Yavanarajyasthapanacharya (restorer of the Yavana kingdom) for restoring the imprisoned Bahmani princes to the throne of Bidar.Vijayanagar Empire UPSC Notes | EduRevFig: Krishnadeva Raya
  • The Sultanates of the Deccan combined in 1565 to inflict a crushing defeat on the ruler of Vijayanagar. The king of Vijayanagar at the time of this so-called battle of Talikota was Sadashiva Raya.
  • The main cause for the defeat of the empire of Vijayanagar in the battle of Rakshasa-Tangadi or Talikota was Rama Raya’s desire to make Vijayanagar supreme in the South.
  • The President on the Imperial Council of the Empire of Vijayanagar was Prime minister.
  • The nucleus of the administration of the empire of Vijayanagar was Imperial Secretariat.
  • The largest administrative division in the Vijayanagar empire was Mandalam.
  • The most important consideration(s) in making the administrative divisions of the Vijayanagar empire was military and police considerations.
  • The Chief Secretary of the Empire of Vijayanagar was designated as Sarvanayaka.
  • In the Vijayanagar administration athavane or athavana was the Department of Revenue.
  • The nayakas in the empire of Vijayanagar were hereditary military governors.
  • In the Vijayanagar empire, the officer entrusted with responsibility of keeping the nayakas under control was Special Commissioner.
  • The nayakas in the Vijayanagar period were often called as the Amaranayakas because they granted the amaram lands.
  • The function of the Mahanayakacharya was to exercise general supervision over village administration.
  • The king of Vijayanagar, who appointed Muslims in his army, granted lands to them, built a mosque and kept a copy of the Koran before his throne, so that the Muslims could pay respects to it, was Devaraya II.
  • A detailed land survey and assessment was conducted during the reign of Krishnadeva Raya.
  • The rajaguru or the great royal teacher of Krishnadeva Raya was Vyasaraja.
  • The system of sharing of agricultural income between the landlord and the tenant was known as Varam.
  • Kuttagai was the lease system of cultivation
  • The single biggest item of import to the empire of Vijayanagar was Horse.
  • The artisans who enjoyed a high status in Vijayanagar society were carpenters.
  • Ships were in use for coastal and overseas trade. The ships got built at Calicut.
  • The Vijayanagar king who after defeating the Sri Lankan troops forced Sri Lanka to pay tribute to the Vijayanagar empire was Devaraya II.
  • The finest specimens of the painting of the Vijayanagar period have been found from Lepakshi.
  • The Vijayanagar coins which were in circulation and were the most widely recognised currency all over the world were known as Varaha or pagoda.
  • The first Vijayanagar king who concluded treaties with the Portuguese was Krishnadeva Raya.
  • The magnum opus in the art of temple architecture of Vijayanagar was the temple of Pampapati.
  • As per the latest researches, the so-called battle of Talikota, fought between the Deccani Muslim States and Vijayanagar, was actually fought at between villages Rakkasi—Tangadi.
  • The kings of Vijayanagar were said to rule on behalf of Virupaksha, who was a Shaivite deity.
  • The Vijayanagar king who totally withdrew the marriage tax was Devaraya II.
  • The Sultan of the Deccani state who was treated like a son by Rama Raya, and was the real brain behind the formation of confederacy of Deccani States against Vijayanagar, was Ali Adil Shah.
  • During the reign of Krishnadeva Raya the famous Hazura temple was built.
  • A foreign visitor to the Vijayanagar empire who was an envoy, was Abdur Razzak.
  • Abdur Razzak visited India during the reign of Devaraya II.
  • Describing the economic relationship between the king and his nobles in the Vijayanagar empire, Nunz wrote. “These nobles are like renters who hold the land from the king....They are obliged always to be present with the king and must always maintain the full number of soldiers, according to their obligations....”.
  • Barbers were exempted from the payment of profession tax by Sadashiva Raya.Vijayanagar Empire UPSC Notes | EduRevFig: Sadasiva Raya
  • In the empire of Vijayanagar a sort of income tax on the basis of net profit was levied on Industries.
  • A saint scholar whose name is associated with the foundation of the empire of Vijayanagar is Madhava Vidyaranya.
  • The city of Vijayanagar is now known as Hampi.
  • To secure divine favours a brutal custom, which was very popular in the empire of Vijayanagar, was walking on fire.
  • The most famous state festival of the empire of Vijayanagar was Mahanavami.
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