WHAT IS GOVERNMENT? Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Class 6 : WHAT IS GOVERNMENT? Class 6 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Dr. Aswini Jose 
             
CIVICS 
 
  
Page 2


Dr. Aswini Jose 
             
CIVICS 
 
  
              What is government? 
 
Definition:- 
It is an organization or administration in which a group 
of people work together as a unit (elected by people of 
the country), to run the nation as indicated by the 
defined law. 
Need for a government:- 
1. Make decision and get things done. 
2. Protecting the boundaries of the country and 
maintaining peaceful relations with other countries. 
 
3. It is responsible for ensuring that all its citizens 
have enough to eat and have good health facilities. 
 
4. When there is a natural disaster it is the 
government that mainly organises the aid and 
assistance for the affected people. 
 
Levels of the government:- 
  The government works at different levels:  
1. At the local level,  
2. At the level of the state 
3. At the national level. 
 
The local level means in your village, town or locality.  
 
The state level would mean that which covers an entire 
state like Haryana or Assam.  
Page 3


Dr. Aswini Jose 
             
CIVICS 
 
  
              What is government? 
 
Definition:- 
It is an organization or administration in which a group 
of people work together as a unit (elected by people of 
the country), to run the nation as indicated by the 
defined law. 
Need for a government:- 
1. Make decision and get things done. 
2. Protecting the boundaries of the country and 
maintaining peaceful relations with other countries. 
 
3. It is responsible for ensuring that all its citizens 
have enough to eat and have good health facilities. 
 
4. When there is a natural disaster it is the 
government that mainly organises the aid and 
assistance for the affected people. 
 
Levels of the government:- 
  The government works at different levels:  
1. At the local level,  
2. At the level of the state 
3. At the national level. 
 
The local level means in your village, town or locality.  
 
The state level would mean that which covers an entire 
state like Haryana or Assam.  
The national level relates to the entire country. 
 
Laws of the government:-  
 
The government makes laws and everyone who lives in 
the country has to follow these. This is the only way 
government can function. Just like the government has 
the power to make decisions, similarly it has the power 
to enforce its decisions. 
In addition to any actions that governments can take, 
there are also steps that people can take if they feel that 
a particular law is not being followed. If a person feels, 
for example, that they were not hired for a job because 
of their religion or caste, he or she may approach the 
court and claim that the law is not being followed. 
 
Types of government:-  
 
In a democracy it is the people who give the 
government this power. They do this through elections 
in which they vote for particular persons and elect them. 
Once elected, these persons form the government. 
In a democracy the government has to explain its 
actions and defend its decisions to the people. 
 
The monarch (king or queen) has the power to make 
decisions and run the government. The monarch may 
have a small group of people to discuss matters with, 
but the final decision-making power remains with the 
monarch. 
Page 4


Dr. Aswini Jose 
             
CIVICS 
 
  
              What is government? 
 
Definition:- 
It is an organization or administration in which a group 
of people work together as a unit (elected by people of 
the country), to run the nation as indicated by the 
defined law. 
Need for a government:- 
1. Make decision and get things done. 
2. Protecting the boundaries of the country and 
maintaining peaceful relations with other countries. 
 
3. It is responsible for ensuring that all its citizens 
have enough to eat and have good health facilities. 
 
4. When there is a natural disaster it is the 
government that mainly organises the aid and 
assistance for the affected people. 
 
Levels of the government:- 
  The government works at different levels:  
1. At the local level,  
2. At the level of the state 
3. At the national level. 
 
The local level means in your village, town or locality.  
 
The state level would mean that which covers an entire 
state like Haryana or Assam.  
The national level relates to the entire country. 
 
Laws of the government:-  
 
The government makes laws and everyone who lives in 
the country has to follow these. This is the only way 
government can function. Just like the government has 
the power to make decisions, similarly it has the power 
to enforce its decisions. 
In addition to any actions that governments can take, 
there are also steps that people can take if they feel that 
a particular law is not being followed. If a person feels, 
for example, that they were not hired for a job because 
of their religion or caste, he or she may approach the 
court and claim that the law is not being followed. 
 
Types of government:-  
 
In a democracy it is the people who give the 
government this power. They do this through elections 
in which they vote for particular persons and elect them. 
Once elected, these persons form the government. 
In a democracy the government has to explain its 
actions and defend its decisions to the people. 
 
The monarch (king or queen) has the power to make 
decisions and run the government. The monarch may 
have a small group of people to discuss matters with, 
but the final decision-making power remains with the 
monarch. 
Unlike in a democracy, kings and queens do not have to 
explain their actions or defend the decisions they take. 
 
Democratic government:- 
 
India is a democracy. This achievement is the result of a 
long and eventful struggle of the Indian people. 
The main feature of a democracy is that the people have 
the power to elect their leaders. 
 
Thus a democracy is rule by the people. The basic idea 
is that people rule themselves by participating in the 
making of these rules. 
 
Democratic government in earlier were known to as 
representative democracies. In representative 
democracies people do not participate directly but, 
instead, choose their representatives through an election 
process. These representatives meet and make decisions 
for the entire population. 
 
A government cannot call itself democratic unless it 
allows what is known as universal adult franchise. This 
means that all adults in the country are allowed to vote. 
 
In their earliest forms governments allowed only men 
who owned property and were educated, to vote. This 
meant that women, the poor, the property-less and the 
uneducated were not allowed to vote. The country was 
governed by the rules and regulations that these few 
men made. 
 
In India, before Independence, only a small minority 
was allowed to vote and they therefore came together to 
Page 5


Dr. Aswini Jose 
             
CIVICS 
 
  
              What is government? 
 
Definition:- 
It is an organization or administration in which a group 
of people work together as a unit (elected by people of 
the country), to run the nation as indicated by the 
defined law. 
Need for a government:- 
1. Make decision and get things done. 
2. Protecting the boundaries of the country and 
maintaining peaceful relations with other countries. 
 
3. It is responsible for ensuring that all its citizens 
have enough to eat and have good health facilities. 
 
4. When there is a natural disaster it is the 
government that mainly organises the aid and 
assistance for the affected people. 
 
Levels of the government:- 
  The government works at different levels:  
1. At the local level,  
2. At the level of the state 
3. At the national level. 
 
The local level means in your village, town or locality.  
 
The state level would mean that which covers an entire 
state like Haryana or Assam.  
The national level relates to the entire country. 
 
Laws of the government:-  
 
The government makes laws and everyone who lives in 
the country has to follow these. This is the only way 
government can function. Just like the government has 
the power to make decisions, similarly it has the power 
to enforce its decisions. 
In addition to any actions that governments can take, 
there are also steps that people can take if they feel that 
a particular law is not being followed. If a person feels, 
for example, that they were not hired for a job because 
of their religion or caste, he or she may approach the 
court and claim that the law is not being followed. 
 
Types of government:-  
 
In a democracy it is the people who give the 
government this power. They do this through elections 
in which they vote for particular persons and elect them. 
Once elected, these persons form the government. 
In a democracy the government has to explain its 
actions and defend its decisions to the people. 
 
The monarch (king or queen) has the power to make 
decisions and run the government. The monarch may 
have a small group of people to discuss matters with, 
but the final decision-making power remains with the 
monarch. 
Unlike in a democracy, kings and queens do not have to 
explain their actions or defend the decisions they take. 
 
Democratic government:- 
 
India is a democracy. This achievement is the result of a 
long and eventful struggle of the Indian people. 
The main feature of a democracy is that the people have 
the power to elect their leaders. 
 
Thus a democracy is rule by the people. The basic idea 
is that people rule themselves by participating in the 
making of these rules. 
 
Democratic government in earlier were known to as 
representative democracies. In representative 
democracies people do not participate directly but, 
instead, choose their representatives through an election 
process. These representatives meet and make decisions 
for the entire population. 
 
A government cannot call itself democratic unless it 
allows what is known as universal adult franchise. This 
means that all adults in the country are allowed to vote. 
 
In their earliest forms governments allowed only men 
who owned property and were educated, to vote. This 
meant that women, the poor, the property-less and the 
uneducated were not allowed to vote. The country was 
governed by the rules and regulations that these few 
men made. 
 
In India, before Independence, only a small minority 
was allowed to vote and they therefore came together to 
determine the fate of the majority. Several people 
including Gandhi ji were shocked at the unfairness of 
this practice and demanded that all adults have the right 
to vote. This is known as universal adult franchise. 
 
 
 
 
Writing in the journal Young India in 1931, Gandhiji 
said, "I cannot possibly bear the idea that a man who 
has got wealth should get the vote but a man who has 
got character but no wealth or literacy should have no 
vote, or that a man who honestly works by the sweat of 
his brow day in and day out should not have the vote for 
the crime of being a poor man…". 
 
Right to vote 
All over Europe and USA, women and the poor have had 
to fight for participation in government. Women's 
struggle to vote got strengthened during the First World 
War. This movement is called the women's suffrage 
movement as the term suffrage usually means right to 
vote. During the War, many men were away fighting, and 
because of this women were called upon to do work that 
was earlier considered men's work. Many women began 
organising and managing different kinds of work. When 
people saw this they began to wonder why they had 
created so many unfair stereotypes about women and 
what they were capable of doing. So women began to be 
seen as being equally capable of making decisions. The 
suffragettes demanded the right to vote for all women 
and to get their demands heard they chained themselves 
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