Week I December 2017 UPSC Notes | EduRev

Created by: Abhimanu Ias

UPSC : Week I December 2017 UPSC Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


 
 
Abhimanu 
Weekly current affairs Series 
 
 
 
 
 
Week: I, December 2017 
 
 
 
 
 
Abhimanu’s IAS Study Group 
Chandigarh 
 
Page 2


 
 
Abhimanu 
Weekly current affairs Series 
 
 
 
 
 
Week: I, December 2017 
 
 
 
 
 
Abhimanu’s IAS Study Group 
Chandigarh 
 
 
 
 
NATIONAL ECONOMIC AFFAIRS 
Financial Action Task Force 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the global anti- money laundering watchdog has put Pakistan on notice 
for terror financing. 
? FATF has sought from Pakistan, notwithstanding opposition from China, a compliance report by February 2018 
on action taken against terror groups such as LeT and JuD. 
? FATF has asked Pakistan to do more to freeze assets of terror outfits such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jamaat-ud-
Dawa. 
? The decision was taken at the recently held Buenos Aires plenary of the FATF, where India raised the issue of 
Pakistan’s support for terror group at the International Cooperation Review Group (ICRG) meet. Terror 
financing was a key theme at the FATF meet in the Argentine capital. 
What is Financial Action Task Force (FATF) ? 
? A major economic evil related to financial sector is the practice of money laundering.  Money laundering 
involves keeping financial assets from illegal activity in a disguised manner. This money is kept without 
detection of the illegal activity for future use. 
? Through money laundering, the launderer transforms the monetary proceeds derived from criminal activity 
into funds with an apparently legal source. 
? Now many illegal economic activities and the resultant financial transactions involve different countries. 
Hence, to make effective counter policies against money laundering, globally coordinated measures are 
needed. 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is such global standard setting body for anti-money laundering and 
combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT).  
? The FATF was formed at the efforts of the OECD, which is a group of the developed countries. At present, the 
FATF has 34 member countries and 2 regional organisations, representing most major financial centres in all 
parts of the globe. 
? The FATF Secretariat supports the Task Force and President. The Secretariat service is provided by the OECD, 
and the Secretariat is located at the OECD Headquarters in Paris. 
Formation 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 by the Ministers of 
its Member jurisdictions.  The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective 
implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist 
financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.  The FATF is 
therefore a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national 
legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas. 
The mandate of the FATF 
? The mandate of the FATF is to counter money laundering and the related crimes. Effective action against 
money laundering and terrorist financing, including both preventive and law enforcement measures, is 
essential for securing a more transparent and stable international financial system.  Likewise, new threats, 
such as the financing of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, can emerge and result in the 
clandestine use of the international financial system. 
Page 3


 
 
Abhimanu 
Weekly current affairs Series 
 
 
 
 
 
Week: I, December 2017 
 
 
 
 
 
Abhimanu’s IAS Study Group 
Chandigarh 
 
 
 
 
NATIONAL ECONOMIC AFFAIRS 
Financial Action Task Force 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the global anti- money laundering watchdog has put Pakistan on notice 
for terror financing. 
? FATF has sought from Pakistan, notwithstanding opposition from China, a compliance report by February 2018 
on action taken against terror groups such as LeT and JuD. 
? FATF has asked Pakistan to do more to freeze assets of terror outfits such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jamaat-ud-
Dawa. 
? The decision was taken at the recently held Buenos Aires plenary of the FATF, where India raised the issue of 
Pakistan’s support for terror group at the International Cooperation Review Group (ICRG) meet. Terror 
financing was a key theme at the FATF meet in the Argentine capital. 
What is Financial Action Task Force (FATF) ? 
? A major economic evil related to financial sector is the practice of money laundering.  Money laundering 
involves keeping financial assets from illegal activity in a disguised manner. This money is kept without 
detection of the illegal activity for future use. 
? Through money laundering, the launderer transforms the monetary proceeds derived from criminal activity 
into funds with an apparently legal source. 
? Now many illegal economic activities and the resultant financial transactions involve different countries. 
Hence, to make effective counter policies against money laundering, globally coordinated measures are 
needed. 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is such global standard setting body for anti-money laundering and 
combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT).  
? The FATF was formed at the efforts of the OECD, which is a group of the developed countries. At present, the 
FATF has 34 member countries and 2 regional organisations, representing most major financial centres in all 
parts of the globe. 
? The FATF Secretariat supports the Task Force and President. The Secretariat service is provided by the OECD, 
and the Secretariat is located at the OECD Headquarters in Paris. 
Formation 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 by the Ministers of 
its Member jurisdictions.  The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective 
implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist 
financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.  The FATF is 
therefore a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national 
legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas. 
The mandate of the FATF 
? The mandate of the FATF is to counter money laundering and the related crimes. Effective action against 
money laundering and terrorist financing, including both preventive and law enforcement measures, is 
essential for securing a more transparent and stable international financial system.  Likewise, new threats, 
such as the financing of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, can emerge and result in the 
clandestine use of the international financial system. 
 
 
? FATF members have revised its mandate in 2012 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) exists for the purpose of protecting the international financial system 
from misuse and to mobilise action to go after criminals and their assets.   
? Objectives of the FATF in developing policy and promoting effective implementation of legal, regulatory and 
operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and new and emerging threats to 
the integrity of the international financial system. 
? The FATF members have adopted revised standards in February 2012.  Now these changes are well reflected 
in the new international standard. 
? The FATF has developed a series of Recommendations that are recognised as the international standard for 
combating of money laundering and the financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass 
destruction.  They form the basis for a co-ordinated response to these threats to the integrity of the financial 
system and help ensure a level playing field.  First issued in 1990, the FATF Recommendations were revised in 
1996, 2001, 2003 and most recently in 2012 to ensure that they remain up to date and relevant, and they are 
intended to be of universal application. 
? The FATF monitors the progress of its members in implementing necessary measures, reviews money 
laundering and terrorist financing techniques and counter-measures, and promotes the adoption and 
implementation of appropriate measures globally.  
? In collaboration with other international stakeholders, the FATF works to identify national-level vulnerabilities 
with the aim of protecting the international financial system from misuse. The FATF's decision making body, 
the FATF Plenary, meets three times per year.   
NATIONAL POLITY 
Hornbill Festival 
? Hornbill Festival was celebrated on the State Formation Day of Nagaland on December 1. The Hornbill Festival 
is the perfect showcase of rich Naga culture and traditions, preserved over the years in the form of music, 
dance and food. 
About festival: 
? This festival takes place at Kisama Heritage Village. The Festival is named after the large and colorful Hornbill 
bird which is displayed in folklore in majority of Naga tribes.  
? The Hornbill Festival is one of the biggest celebrations of the native tribes of Nagaland and encourages inter-
tribal relations and promotes the cultural heritage of Nagaland. 
?  The festival is organized by the State Tourism and the Art & Culture Departments.  
? The main aim is to revive and protect the culture, extravaganza and traditions of Nagaland. For tourists it is an 
opportunity to understand the people and culture of Nagaland. 
? The week-long festival is attended by all the major tribes of Nagaland. The festivities begin by nine in the 
morning each day.  
? The festival takes place amidst perfect replicas of tribal hutments with wood carvings and hollow log drum 
instruments, which are played in a memorable symphony at the end of the day.  
? The Hornbill Festival highlights comprise of the Traditional Naga Morungs Exhibition and sale of Arts and 
Crafts, Cultural Medley - songs and dances, Traditional Archery, Indigenous Games, Naga wrestling, Herbal 
Medicine Stalls, Food Stalls, Flower shows and sales, Beauty Contest, Fashion shows and Musical concert. 
Page 4


 
 
Abhimanu 
Weekly current affairs Series 
 
 
 
 
 
Week: I, December 2017 
 
 
 
 
 
Abhimanu’s IAS Study Group 
Chandigarh 
 
 
 
 
NATIONAL ECONOMIC AFFAIRS 
Financial Action Task Force 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the global anti- money laundering watchdog has put Pakistan on notice 
for terror financing. 
? FATF has sought from Pakistan, notwithstanding opposition from China, a compliance report by February 2018 
on action taken against terror groups such as LeT and JuD. 
? FATF has asked Pakistan to do more to freeze assets of terror outfits such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jamaat-ud-
Dawa. 
? The decision was taken at the recently held Buenos Aires plenary of the FATF, where India raised the issue of 
Pakistan’s support for terror group at the International Cooperation Review Group (ICRG) meet. Terror 
financing was a key theme at the FATF meet in the Argentine capital. 
What is Financial Action Task Force (FATF) ? 
? A major economic evil related to financial sector is the practice of money laundering.  Money laundering 
involves keeping financial assets from illegal activity in a disguised manner. This money is kept without 
detection of the illegal activity for future use. 
? Through money laundering, the launderer transforms the monetary proceeds derived from criminal activity 
into funds with an apparently legal source. 
? Now many illegal economic activities and the resultant financial transactions involve different countries. 
Hence, to make effective counter policies against money laundering, globally coordinated measures are 
needed. 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is such global standard setting body for anti-money laundering and 
combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT).  
? The FATF was formed at the efforts of the OECD, which is a group of the developed countries. At present, the 
FATF has 34 member countries and 2 regional organisations, representing most major financial centres in all 
parts of the globe. 
? The FATF Secretariat supports the Task Force and President. The Secretariat service is provided by the OECD, 
and the Secretariat is located at the OECD Headquarters in Paris. 
Formation 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 by the Ministers of 
its Member jurisdictions.  The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective 
implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist 
financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.  The FATF is 
therefore a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national 
legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas. 
The mandate of the FATF 
? The mandate of the FATF is to counter money laundering and the related crimes. Effective action against 
money laundering and terrorist financing, including both preventive and law enforcement measures, is 
essential for securing a more transparent and stable international financial system.  Likewise, new threats, 
such as the financing of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, can emerge and result in the 
clandestine use of the international financial system. 
 
 
? FATF members have revised its mandate in 2012 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) exists for the purpose of protecting the international financial system 
from misuse and to mobilise action to go after criminals and their assets.   
? Objectives of the FATF in developing policy and promoting effective implementation of legal, regulatory and 
operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and new and emerging threats to 
the integrity of the international financial system. 
? The FATF members have adopted revised standards in February 2012.  Now these changes are well reflected 
in the new international standard. 
? The FATF has developed a series of Recommendations that are recognised as the international standard for 
combating of money laundering and the financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass 
destruction.  They form the basis for a co-ordinated response to these threats to the integrity of the financial 
system and help ensure a level playing field.  First issued in 1990, the FATF Recommendations were revised in 
1996, 2001, 2003 and most recently in 2012 to ensure that they remain up to date and relevant, and they are 
intended to be of universal application. 
? The FATF monitors the progress of its members in implementing necessary measures, reviews money 
laundering and terrorist financing techniques and counter-measures, and promotes the adoption and 
implementation of appropriate measures globally.  
? In collaboration with other international stakeholders, the FATF works to identify national-level vulnerabilities 
with the aim of protecting the international financial system from misuse. The FATF's decision making body, 
the FATF Plenary, meets three times per year.   
NATIONAL POLITY 
Hornbill Festival 
? Hornbill Festival was celebrated on the State Formation Day of Nagaland on December 1. The Hornbill Festival 
is the perfect showcase of rich Naga culture and traditions, preserved over the years in the form of music, 
dance and food. 
About festival: 
? This festival takes place at Kisama Heritage Village. The Festival is named after the large and colorful Hornbill 
bird which is displayed in folklore in majority of Naga tribes.  
? The Hornbill Festival is one of the biggest celebrations of the native tribes of Nagaland and encourages inter-
tribal relations and promotes the cultural heritage of Nagaland. 
?  The festival is organized by the State Tourism and the Art & Culture Departments.  
? The main aim is to revive and protect the culture, extravaganza and traditions of Nagaland. For tourists it is an 
opportunity to understand the people and culture of Nagaland. 
? The week-long festival is attended by all the major tribes of Nagaland. The festivities begin by nine in the 
morning each day.  
? The festival takes place amidst perfect replicas of tribal hutments with wood carvings and hollow log drum 
instruments, which are played in a memorable symphony at the end of the day.  
? The Hornbill Festival highlights comprise of the Traditional Naga Morungs Exhibition and sale of Arts and 
Crafts, Cultural Medley - songs and dances, Traditional Archery, Indigenous Games, Naga wrestling, Herbal 
Medicine Stalls, Food Stalls, Flower shows and sales, Beauty Contest, Fashion shows and Musical concert. 
 
 
 
? Traditional arts are also displayed with paintings, sculptures and wood carvings by contemporary Naga artists 
are on display. The evening music concerts ensure that the festive spirit carries on throughout the night. 
National Nutrition Mission 
? Union cabinet has approved setting up of National Nutrition Mission (NNM) with a three year budget of 
Rs.9046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18. 
 Features: 
? The NNM, as an apex body, will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition related interventions 
across the Ministries. 
The proposal consists of 
? Mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition 
? Introducing a very robust convergence mechanism 
? ICT based Real Time Monitoring system 
? Incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets 
? incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools 
? eliminating registers used by AWWs 
? introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs) 
? Social Audits 
? Setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on 
nutrition through various activities, among others. 
 Analysis: 
? There are a number of schemes directly/indirectly affecting the nutritional status of children (0-6 years age) 
and pregnant women and lactating mothers. Inspite of these, level of malnutrition and related problems in 
the country is high. There is no dearth of schemes but lack of creating synergy and linking the schemes with 
each other to achieve common goal. NNM through robust convergence mechanism and other components 
would strive to create the synergy. 
? The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and 
low birth weight babies.  
? It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UTs to 
perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UTs to achieve the targeted goals. 
? More than 10 crore people will be benefitted by this programme.  All the States and districts will be covered in 
a phased manner i.e. 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20. 
? An amount of Rs. 9046.17 crore will be expended for three years commencing from 2017-18. This will be 
funded by Government Budgetary Support (50%) and 50% by IBRD or other MDB. Government budgetary 
support would be 60:40 between Centre and States/UTs, 90:10 for NER and Himalayan States and 100% for 
UTs without legislature. Total Government of India share over a period of three years would be Rs. 2849.54 
crore.  
Transgender Persons Bill, 2016 
? India's transgender community — which numbers 4.8 million according to data from the latest round of the 
census — is  against the transgender person bill 2016, since they believe the legislation meant to safeguard 
their interests only serves to undermine their right to life and livelihood. 
? The final version of the legislation identifies transgenders as being “partly female or male; or a combination of 
female and male; or neither female nor male”. This definition which draws a clinical caricature is a departure 
from the intention of the original Bill to cleanse society of the stigma it placed on transgenders. 
Page 5


 
 
Abhimanu 
Weekly current affairs Series 
 
 
 
 
 
Week: I, December 2017 
 
 
 
 
 
Abhimanu’s IAS Study Group 
Chandigarh 
 
 
 
 
NATIONAL ECONOMIC AFFAIRS 
Financial Action Task Force 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the global anti- money laundering watchdog has put Pakistan on notice 
for terror financing. 
? FATF has sought from Pakistan, notwithstanding opposition from China, a compliance report by February 2018 
on action taken against terror groups such as LeT and JuD. 
? FATF has asked Pakistan to do more to freeze assets of terror outfits such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jamaat-ud-
Dawa. 
? The decision was taken at the recently held Buenos Aires plenary of the FATF, where India raised the issue of 
Pakistan’s support for terror group at the International Cooperation Review Group (ICRG) meet. Terror 
financing was a key theme at the FATF meet in the Argentine capital. 
What is Financial Action Task Force (FATF) ? 
? A major economic evil related to financial sector is the practice of money laundering.  Money laundering 
involves keeping financial assets from illegal activity in a disguised manner. This money is kept without 
detection of the illegal activity for future use. 
? Through money laundering, the launderer transforms the monetary proceeds derived from criminal activity 
into funds with an apparently legal source. 
? Now many illegal economic activities and the resultant financial transactions involve different countries. 
Hence, to make effective counter policies against money laundering, globally coordinated measures are 
needed. 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is such global standard setting body for anti-money laundering and 
combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT).  
? The FATF was formed at the efforts of the OECD, which is a group of the developed countries. At present, the 
FATF has 34 member countries and 2 regional organisations, representing most major financial centres in all 
parts of the globe. 
? The FATF Secretariat supports the Task Force and President. The Secretariat service is provided by the OECD, 
and the Secretariat is located at the OECD Headquarters in Paris. 
Formation 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 by the Ministers of 
its Member jurisdictions.  The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective 
implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist 
financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.  The FATF is 
therefore a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national 
legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas. 
The mandate of the FATF 
? The mandate of the FATF is to counter money laundering and the related crimes. Effective action against 
money laundering and terrorist financing, including both preventive and law enforcement measures, is 
essential for securing a more transparent and stable international financial system.  Likewise, new threats, 
such as the financing of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, can emerge and result in the 
clandestine use of the international financial system. 
 
 
? FATF members have revised its mandate in 2012 
? The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) exists for the purpose of protecting the international financial system 
from misuse and to mobilise action to go after criminals and their assets.   
? Objectives of the FATF in developing policy and promoting effective implementation of legal, regulatory and 
operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and new and emerging threats to 
the integrity of the international financial system. 
? The FATF members have adopted revised standards in February 2012.  Now these changes are well reflected 
in the new international standard. 
? The FATF has developed a series of Recommendations that are recognised as the international standard for 
combating of money laundering and the financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass 
destruction.  They form the basis for a co-ordinated response to these threats to the integrity of the financial 
system and help ensure a level playing field.  First issued in 1990, the FATF Recommendations were revised in 
1996, 2001, 2003 and most recently in 2012 to ensure that they remain up to date and relevant, and they are 
intended to be of universal application. 
? The FATF monitors the progress of its members in implementing necessary measures, reviews money 
laundering and terrorist financing techniques and counter-measures, and promotes the adoption and 
implementation of appropriate measures globally.  
? In collaboration with other international stakeholders, the FATF works to identify national-level vulnerabilities 
with the aim of protecting the international financial system from misuse. The FATF's decision making body, 
the FATF Plenary, meets three times per year.   
NATIONAL POLITY 
Hornbill Festival 
? Hornbill Festival was celebrated on the State Formation Day of Nagaland on December 1. The Hornbill Festival 
is the perfect showcase of rich Naga culture and traditions, preserved over the years in the form of music, 
dance and food. 
About festival: 
? This festival takes place at Kisama Heritage Village. The Festival is named after the large and colorful Hornbill 
bird which is displayed in folklore in majority of Naga tribes.  
? The Hornbill Festival is one of the biggest celebrations of the native tribes of Nagaland and encourages inter-
tribal relations and promotes the cultural heritage of Nagaland. 
?  The festival is organized by the State Tourism and the Art & Culture Departments.  
? The main aim is to revive and protect the culture, extravaganza and traditions of Nagaland. For tourists it is an 
opportunity to understand the people and culture of Nagaland. 
? The week-long festival is attended by all the major tribes of Nagaland. The festivities begin by nine in the 
morning each day.  
? The festival takes place amidst perfect replicas of tribal hutments with wood carvings and hollow log drum 
instruments, which are played in a memorable symphony at the end of the day.  
? The Hornbill Festival highlights comprise of the Traditional Naga Morungs Exhibition and sale of Arts and 
Crafts, Cultural Medley - songs and dances, Traditional Archery, Indigenous Games, Naga wrestling, Herbal 
Medicine Stalls, Food Stalls, Flower shows and sales, Beauty Contest, Fashion shows and Musical concert. 
 
 
 
? Traditional arts are also displayed with paintings, sculptures and wood carvings by contemporary Naga artists 
are on display. The evening music concerts ensure that the festive spirit carries on throughout the night. 
National Nutrition Mission 
? Union cabinet has approved setting up of National Nutrition Mission (NNM) with a three year budget of 
Rs.9046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18. 
 Features: 
? The NNM, as an apex body, will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition related interventions 
across the Ministries. 
The proposal consists of 
? Mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition 
? Introducing a very robust convergence mechanism 
? ICT based Real Time Monitoring system 
? Incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets 
? incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools 
? eliminating registers used by AWWs 
? introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs) 
? Social Audits 
? Setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on 
nutrition through various activities, among others. 
 Analysis: 
? There are a number of schemes directly/indirectly affecting the nutritional status of children (0-6 years age) 
and pregnant women and lactating mothers. Inspite of these, level of malnutrition and related problems in 
the country is high. There is no dearth of schemes but lack of creating synergy and linking the schemes with 
each other to achieve common goal. NNM through robust convergence mechanism and other components 
would strive to create the synergy. 
? The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and 
low birth weight babies.  
? It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UTs to 
perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UTs to achieve the targeted goals. 
? More than 10 crore people will be benefitted by this programme.  All the States and districts will be covered in 
a phased manner i.e. 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20. 
? An amount of Rs. 9046.17 crore will be expended for three years commencing from 2017-18. This will be 
funded by Government Budgetary Support (50%) and 50% by IBRD or other MDB. Government budgetary 
support would be 60:40 between Centre and States/UTs, 90:10 for NER and Himalayan States and 100% for 
UTs without legislature. Total Government of India share over a period of three years would be Rs. 2849.54 
crore.  
Transgender Persons Bill, 2016 
? India's transgender community — which numbers 4.8 million according to data from the latest round of the 
census — is  against the transgender person bill 2016, since they believe the legislation meant to safeguard 
their interests only serves to undermine their right to life and livelihood. 
? The final version of the legislation identifies transgenders as being “partly female or male; or a combination of 
female and male; or neither female nor male”. This definition which draws a clinical caricature is a departure 
from the intention of the original Bill to cleanse society of the stigma it placed on transgenders. 
 
 
? Moreover, to be recognised as transgenders, individuals have to submit themselves to a medical examination 
by a District Screening Committee comprising of a Chief Medical Officer, a psychiatrist, a social worker, and a 
member of the transgender community. This is in stark contrast to the 2014 Bill which gives individuals the 
right to self-identify their sex. 
? The anti-discriminatory clauses of the Bill are extended to education, health care and social security. The 
provision of earmarking jobs for transgenders, a central plank of the 2014 Bill, has been lost in translation, 
with the diluted new draft ditching reservations and espousing equal opportunity in all spheres of life, as a 
panacea to create equity among the sexes. 
? Grievance redressal has been internalised, with establishments consisting of hundred or more persons 
mandated to designate a complaint officer to deal with any violation of the Act. This is in lieu of the setting up 
of central and State transgender rights courts. 
 Highlights of the Bill 
? The Bill defines a transgender person as one who is partly female or male; or a combination of female and 
male; or neither female nor male.  In addition, the person’s gender must not match the gender assigned at 
birth, and includes trans-men, trans-women, persons with intersex variations and gender-queers. 
? A transgender person must obtain a certificate of identity as proof of recognition of identity as a transgender 
person and to invoke rights under the Bill.  
? Such a certificate would be granted by the District Magistrate on the recommendation of a Screening 
Committee.  The Committee would comprise a medical officer, a psychologist or psychiatrist, a district 
welfare officer, a government official, and a transgender person. 
? The Bill prohibits discrimination against a transgender person in areas such as education, employment, and 
healthcare.  It directs the central and state governments to provide welfare schemes in these areas. 
? Offences like compelling a transgender person to beg, denial of access to a public place, physical and sexual 
abuse, etc. would attract up to two years’ imprisonment and a fine. 
Analysis 
? The Supreme Court has held that the right to self-identification of gender is part of the right to dignity and 
autonomy under Article 21 of the Constitution.   However, objective criteria may be required to determine 
one’s gender in order to be eligible for entitlements. 
? The Bill states that a person recognised as ‘transgender’ would have the right to ‘self-perceived’ gender 
identity.  However, it does not provide for the enforcement of such a right.  A District Screening Committee 
would issue a certificate of identity to recognise transgender persons. 
? The definition of ‘transgender persons’ in the Bill is at variance with the definitions recognised by international 
bodies and experts in India.  
? The Bill includes terms like ‘trans-men’, ‘trans-women’, persons with ‘intersex variations’ and ‘gender-queers’ 
in its definition of transgender persons.  However, these terms have not been defined. 
? Certain criminal and personal laws that are currently in force only recognise the genders of ‘man’ and 
‘woman’.  It is unclear how such laws would apply to transgender persons who may not identify with either of 
the two genders. 
SC to hear in Feb 2018 appeals in Ayodhya matter 
? The Supreme Court decided to hear the civil appeals filed by various parties challenging the 2010 Allahabad 
High Court verdict on the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid title dispute on February 8 next year. 
? A bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices Ashok Bhushan and S A Najeeb also asked the 
Advocates on Record of appeals to sit together and ensure that all the requisite documents are translated, 
filed and numbered before the apex court Registry. 
About Dispute: 
? At the core of the nearly 70-year-old Ramjanmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute is the belief that Lord Ram was 
born 9,00,000 years ago in the Treta Yuga, in a room located under what was the central dome of the Babri 
Masjid.  
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