Weekly Current Affairs (15th to 21st April 2021) Part - 2 Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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Current Affairs : Weekly Current Affairs (15th to 21st April 2021) Part - 2 Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

The document Weekly Current Affairs (15th to 21st April 2021) Part - 2 Current Affairs Notes | EduRev is a part of the Current Affairs Course Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly.
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Important News – India

1. With which tech giant the Agricultural Ministry of India recently signed Memorandum of Understanding to implement a pilot project in 100 villages of six states to promote digital agriculture ______ Microsoft.
Note:

➢ Microsoft will start a pilot project in 100 villages in 10 districts of 6 states (Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh) to develop farmer interface for smart and well-organised agriculture, including post-harvest management and distribution.
➢ For this project, Microsoft has tied up with its local partner, CropData. The project is for one year and both sides inking the MoU will bear the cost on their own.

2. What is India’s rank in the 'Inclusive Internet Index' 2021 released by the Economist Intelligence Unit along with Facebook ______ 49th.
Note:

➢ India is set to reach one billion internet users by 2025.
➢ There were over 687.6 million internet users in India in 2020.
➢ The Facebook 'Inclusive Internet Index' looked at 120 countries, representing 98 per cent of global GDP and 96 per cent of global population.

3. With which online travel company the Ministry of Tourism signed an MoU to strengthen the Hospitality & Tourism Industry especially during COVID ______ Cleartrip & Ease My Trip.
Note:

➢ The aim of the MoU is to provide extensive visibility to accommodation units which have self-certified themselves on SAATHI (System for Assessment, Awareness & Training for the Hospitality Industry) on OTA platform
➢ MoU also outlines both parties to encourage Units to register on NIDHI and thereby on SAATHI and encourage local tourism Industry.

4. Who launched the Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS) aims at providing financial assistance to startups for proof of concept, prototype development, product trials, market-entry, and commercialization ______ Piyush Goyal.
Note:

➢ The Fund aims to provide financial assistance to startups for proof of concept, prototype development, product trials, market-entry, and commercialization.
➢ The government has approved Rs. 945 Crore corpus for the fund, which will be divided over the next 4 years beginning April 01, 2021, for providing seed funding to eligible startups through eligible incubators across India. The scheme is expected to support an estimated 3,600 startups through 300 incubators.

5. What is India’s rank in the Henley Passport Index 2021 ______ 84th.
Note:

➢ India stands at number 84 on the list, as the Indian citizens can visit Visa-Free or Visa-on-Arrival in over 58 places.
➢ Japan, Singapore and Germany, South Korea stand in Top 3 respectively.

6. What is India’s rank in the latest World Press Freedom Index 2021, released by international non-profit and nongovernmental organization “Reporters Without Borders (RSF) ______ 142nd.
Note:

➢ In the report India has been classified among the world’s most dangerous countries for journalists.
➢ India was at 142nd position in 2020 as well.
➢ India was ranked in the “bad” category, along with Brazil, Mexico and Russia. In south Asia, Nepal was placed 106, Sri Lanka 127, Myanmar 140, Pakistan 145 and Bangladesh at the 152nd spot. China was ranked 177, and the US 44.

7. According to the National Climate Vulnerability Assessment report titled ‘Climate Vulnerability Assessment for Adaptation Planning in India Using a Common Framework’ released by the Department of Science & Technology (DST) how many eastern state have been identified as Highly Vulnerable to Climate Change ______ Eight.
Note:

➢ The 8 states are – Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal.
➢ Among all states, Assam, Bihar, and Jharkhand have over 60% districts in the category of highly vulnerable districts.

8. With which country India has signed an agreement titled “Cities Combating Plastic Entering the Marine Environment” on Technical cooperation over a virtual event in New Delhi ______ Germany.
Note:

➢ DeutscheGesellschaftfürInternationaleZusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH India signed the agreement on behalf of the government of Germany.
➢ The project is expected to be a collaborative effort under the Indo-German bilateral development corporation on sustainable urban transformation.
➢ This project will be undertaken at national level in selected states (Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands) and in the cities of Kanpur, Kochi, Port Blair.
➢ Project period: three and half years.

9. Indian Army Chief General M M Naravane attended the Army Chiefs’ Conclave that was held in which country ______ Bangladesh.
Note:

➢ The Conclave was held on the sidelines of Multinational Military Exercise ‘Shantir Ogroshena 2021’ (Front Runner of Peace) held at Bangabandhu Senanibas (BBS), Bangladesh from April 4-12, 2021.
➢ During the conclave, Naravane delivered a keynote address on ‘Changing Nature of Global Conflicts: Role of UN Peacekeepers’.
➢ He visited Bangladesh from April 8-12 on the invitation of Bangladesh Army General Aziz Ahmed.

Important News – State

1. Which state government has announced Jan Anushasan Pakhwara (JAP) or Public Discipline Fortnight  ______ Rajasthan.
Note:

➢ The decision came on a day when the state crossed 10,000 new cases for the first time
➢ JAP is essentially an extension of the curfew the Rajasthan government had announced for the weekend
➢ However, the government has neither called it a lockdown, nor a curfew, mainly because of the interpretations associated with both, as they have been implemented in the past.

2. Which state government has announced to follow a “Health Safety Week” beginning from April 22 to 29, to break the chain of growing COVID-19 infection rate in the State  ______ Jharkhand.
Note:

➢ People have been advised to stay home and do not move without unnecessary work.
➢ Essential services and medical services continue to function and all identified offices of private sector, central and state government offices shall remain open.

3. Which becomes the first party that has declared the name of the entity which made donations to it through electoral bonds ______ Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM).
Note:

➢ A declaration of a ₹1 crore donation was made in the party’s 2019-20 contribution report.
➢ According to the contribution report of the ruling party in Jharkhand, the donation was made by aluminium and copper manufacturing company Hindalco.

4. Jagananna Vidya Deevena Scheme has been launched in which state for that first tranche of Rs 672 crores released recently ______ Andhra Pradesh.
Note:

➢ This reimbursed the fees for 10.88 lakh students. So far, a total of Rs 4, 879 crores have been disbursed under the Jagananna Vidya Deevena Scheme.
➢ The main objective of the Jagananna Vidya Deevena Scheme is to provide scholarships to all the students who are not able to pay their fees because of their financial burden.
➢ The scheme mainly focuses on students seeking higher education. It aims to provide fee reimbursement to more than 14 lakh students of the state.

5. Which state government reiterated its commitment to achieve the ‘Har Ghar Jal’ target by 2022 ______ Punjab.
Note:

➢ Punjab has 34.73 lakh rural household, out of which 25.88 lakh (74.5%) have tap water supply.
➢ In 2021-22, the State plans to provide 8.87 lakh tap connections, thereby providing tap connection to every rural household.
➢ So far, 4-districts, 29 blocks, 5,715 panchayats and 6,003 villages in Punjab have been declared ‘Har Ghar Jal’, which means every rural household has access to water through the tap.

6. Which state gets India’s first Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU) ______ Maharshtra.
Note:

➢ FSRU based LNG Terminals aim at providing the ability to enhance the pace of natural gas import capability in an environment-friendly and efficient manner”.
➢ The port is the first deepwater, 24×7 operational private port in Maharashtra.

Important News – World

1. Which country becomes the first in the world to introduce a bill that would require banks, insurers and asset managers to

report the impacts of their funding on the effect of climate change ______ New Zealand.
Note:
➢ The bill, said to be the first of its kind in the world, would receive its first reading in the country’s parliament this week.
➢ The island nation has been at the forefront of trying to cut down carbon emissions and has pledged to make its public sector carbon neutral by 2025.
➢ It will also force the financial firms to evaluate the companies they are lending in terms of environmental impacts.

2. Along with which social media platform the Economist Intelligence Unit released Inclusive Internet Index 2021 ______ Facebook.
Note:

➢ India is set to reach one billion internet users by 2025.
➢ There were over 687.6 million internet users in India in 2020.
➢ The Facebook 'Inclusive Internet Index' looked at 120 countries, representing 98 per cent of global GDP and 96 per cent of global population.

3. Recently, which country has launched its first ever mega food park project in India involving food processing facilities ______ Italy.
Note:

➢ The pilot project “The Mega Food Park” was launched, in virtual mode, with the signing of a Letter of Intent between the ICE Office in Mumbai and Fanidhar Mega Food Park, in Gujarat.
➢ The main aim of the project is to develop an interaction between agriculture and industry.
➢ Also, the project will focus on the research and development of efficient technologies in the sector.

4. The 1st ever United Nations Food Systems Summit 2021 to be held in September 2021 in which city ______ New York, USA.
Note:

➢ The Summit is a part of the Decade of Action (2020-30) to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.
➢ The summit will launch new actions for delivering progress on all 17 SDGs.
➢ Prime Minister Narendra Modi is set to participate in the event along with other global leaders.
➢ The summit is to strategize actions for positive change in Agri-food systems.

5. Which country’s passport has been adjudged as the most powerful passport in the Henley Passport Index 2021 ______ Japan.
Note:

➢ India stands at number 84 on the list, as the Indian citizens can visit Visa-Free or Visa-on-Arrival in over 58 places.
➢ Japanese passport holders have visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 167 more destinations than citizens of Afghanistan, who are at the bottom of the ranking as they can only visit 26 places without needing a visa in advance.

6. Which country ranked at first position in the World Press Freedom Index 2021, released by international non-profit and non-governmental organization “Reporters Without Borders (RSF) ______ Norway.
Note:

➢ In the report India has been classified among the world’s most dangerous countries for journalists.
➢ India was at 142nd position in 2020 as well.
➢ India was ranked in the “bad” category, along with Brazil, Mexico and Russia. In south Asia, Nepal was placed 106, Sri Lanka 127, Myanmar 140, Pakistan 145 and Bangladesh at the 152nd spot. China was ranked 177, and the US 44.

7. Which country is at the bottom of the World Press Freedom Index 2021, released by international non-profit and nongovernmental organization “Reporters Without Borders (RSF) ______ Eritrea.
Note:

➢ In the report India has been classified among the world’s most dangerous countries for journalists.
➢ India was at 142nd position in 2020 as well.
➢ India was ranked in the “bad” category, along with Brazil, Mexico and Russia. In south Asia, Nepal was placed 106, Sri Lanka 127, Myanmar 140, Pakistan 145 and Bangladesh at the 152nd spot. China was ranked 177, and the US 44.

8. According to ‘Global Energy Review 2021’ released by International Energy Agency (IEA), Global CO2 emissions expected to increase by what per cent in 2021 as compared to 2020 ______ 5 percent.
Note:

➢ It would be the Biggest annual rise in emissions since 2010.
➢ The major reason for increase in CO2 emissions is due to rise in Coal demands. Coal is set to grow by 4.5% in 2021.
➢ The report is IEA’s annual update on latest trends in world energy and CO2 emissions.

Honor & Awards

1. Who has been named as Wisden’s leading cricketer of the year for the second consecutive year ______ Ben Stokes.
Note:

➢ Stokes, 29, is the first Englishman to win the award twice since its inception in 2004.
➢ He scored more Test runs than any other batsman in 2020, with 641 in seven matches, while also taking 19 wickets.
➢ Kent all-rounder Darren Stevens has become the oldest person since 1933 to be named as one of Wisden's five Cricketers of the Year.

2. Who has been given the 2021 'Leading Woman Cricketer in the World' award by Wisden’ ______ Beth Mooney.
Note:

➢ Mooney was considered the overwhelming choice for the accolade after also being voted the player of the T20 World Cup in which she played such a huge part in Australia's triumph, with innings of 81 not out, 60, 28, and 78 not out in the final at the MCG against India.

3. Who has been declared as the winner of 2020 ACM A.M. Turing Award also known as the Nobel Prize of Computing ______ Alfred VainoAho & Jeffrey David Ullman.
Note:

➢ The award was presented to them for fundamental algorithms and theory on programming language implementation.
➢ The award is also referred to as the Nobel Prize of Computing.
➢ Alfred VainoAho is the Lawrence Gussman Professor Emeritus of Computer Science at Columbia University
➢ Jeffrey David Ullman is the Stanford W. Ascherman Professor Emeritus of Computer Science at Stanford University.

Sports News

1. Who has won the Emilia Romagna F1 Grand Prix 2021, in Imola, Italy ______ Max Verstappen.
Note:

➢ This win is his first victory of the season. The race was the second round of the 2021 Formula One World Championship.
➢ The seven-time Formula One champion Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes-Great Britain) finished second, following a crash and sustaining damage involving Mercedes team-mate Valtteri Bottas.
➢ Lando Norris (McLaren – Great Britain) took third place.

2. 34th edition of the Senior Asian Wrestling Championships was held in which country  ______ Kazakhstan.
Note:

➢ The event was the 34th edition of the Asian Wrestling Championships.
➢ India won 14 medals to stand in the third spot on the medal table.
➢ The medals include 5 Gold, 3 Silver & 6 Bronze Medals.
➢ Iran and Kazakhstan topped the medal tally with 17 medals each.

3. Name the Indian women wrestler who won the gold medal in the 53 kg Women’s freestyle event in 34th edition of the Senior Asian Wrestling Championships 2021  ______ Vinesh Phogat.
Note:

➢ The event was the 34th edition of the Asian Wrestling Championships.
➢ India won 14 medals to stand in the third spot on the medal table.
➢ The medals include 5 Gold, 3 Silver & 6 Bronze Medals.
➢ Iran and Kazakhstan topped the medal tally with 17 medals each.
➢ Indian Gold medalist are:

  • Ravi Kumar Dahiya – 57 kg Men’s freestyle
  • Vinesh Phogat – 53 kg Women’s freestyle
  • Anshu Malik – 57 kg Women’s freestyle
  • Sarita Mor – 59 kg Women’s freestyle
  • Divya Kakran – 72 kg Women’s freestyle

4. Mirabai Chanu is associated with which sport who set a new World Record recently  ______ Weightlifting.
Note:

➢ The 26-year-old Indian won the bronze medal at the event.
➢ The gold medal went to Hou Zhihui of China who created a new world record in snatch.
➢ Asian Games, held once every 4yrs, is the 2nd largest multi-sport event after Olympics.

5. Which team has won Copa del Rey football tournament at Seville in Spain ______ Barcelona.
Note:
➢ Barca earned the Spanish King's Cup trophy, scoring all their goals in the second half of the final at La Cartuja Stadium, Seville.
➢ French star Antoine Griezmann scored the opener with a left-footed shot in the near post in the 59th minute to give Barcelona the lead.
➢ Dutch midfielder Frenkie de Jong doubled the gap with a diving header in the 63rd minute.

6. Who has won the ATP Masters 1000 series tennis tournament ______ Stefanos Tsitsipas.
Note:

➢ The Greek star had lost his previous two finals at this level, with Rafael Nadal denying him in Toronto and Novak Djokovic beating him in Madrid.
➢ Rublev beat 11-time Monte Carlo champion Nadal in the quarter-finals. Rublev knocked out Roberto Bautista Agut, Rafael Nadal and Dan Evans en route to the final but could not find a way past Tsitsipas.

7. Name the Sri Lankan Cricketer who has been banned for 8 years from all forms of cricket for breaching the ICC AntiCorruption code the International Cricket Council (ICC)  ______ Dilhara Lokuhettige.
Note:

➢ The ban was backdated to 3rd April 2019 when he was provisionally suspended.
➢ He was the 4th former Sri Lanka player to be charged with corruption.
➢ He was also charged by the ICC on behalf of Emirates Cricket Board (ECB) for breaching 3 ECB anti corruption code for T10 league in 2017.

Books and Authors

1. “Believe — What Life and Cricket Taught Me” is memoir of which Indian cricketer  ______ Suresh Raina.
Note:

➢ The Book is all about the Suresh Raina, it describes about his life, challenges he faced as a young cricketer.
➢ He hails from Uttar Pradesh.
➢ He is the first Indian batsman to hit a century in all three formats (Test, ODI, T20I) of international cricket.

2. Who has authored the children story book titled “The Christmas Pig” ______ JK Rowling.
Note:

➢ The story is about a boy named Jack and his toy Dur Pig, who goes missing on Christmas Eve.
➢ “The Christmas Pig” is Rowling’s first children’s novel since Harry Potter.
➢ Rowling returned to writing with the release of "The Ickabog" last year during the pandemic.

3. Who has authored the book titled “Wanderers, Kings, Merchants: The Story of India through its Languages” ______ Peggy Mohan.
Note:

➢ The book was published by Penguin Random House India.
➢ The book argues that all Indians are of Mixed origins, through the inclusive study of languages like the story of early Sanskrit, the rise of Urdu, language formation in the North east.
➢ The book connects linguistics and history to explore the migration impacts on communication language.

4. Who has authored the novel titled “The Cursed Inheritance” that contributes toward the importance of the conservation of heritage through the stories ______ Sutapa Basu.
Note:

➢ The book is published by Readomania Publishing.
➢ The book provides an overall view of the heritage of Kolkata through architecture, social customs, modes of transportation and food.
➢ Sutapa Basu is the director of Learning Solutions at Eupheus Learning

Science and Defence

1. The Indian Space Research Organisation recently signed an agreement with which space agency for cooperation for the country’s first human space mission Gaganyaan  ______ National Centre for Space Studies (CNES), France.
Note:

➢ Under this agreement, France will be contributing to India’s Gaganyaan human spaceflight programme.
➢ The Gaganyaan orbital spacecraft project was kicked started in August 2018. It originally intended to send an astronaut from Indian soil to mark the 75th anniversary of the country’s independence in 2022. Test flights will carry an instrumented humanoid robot.
➢ The capsule will orbit at an altitude of 400 kilometres for seven days before splashing down in the Arabian Sea off the coast of Ahmedabad.

2. The United States space agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) awarded $2.89 billion contract to which company for its Artemis programme  ______ SpaceX.
Note:

➢ The total value of this contract is $2.89 billion.
➢ SpaceX will develop a spacecraft ‘SpaceX Starship’ to land next to two US astronauts, including a women astronaut at the lunar south pole region, by 2024.
➢ NASA also aims to bring the first person of colour to the moon’s surface as part of the Artemis programme.

3. Which space agency is all set to launch four astronauts to the International Space Station on World Earth Day (April 22) ______ NASA.
Note:

➢ NASA is to launch the mission along with SpaceX.
➢ It is the second crewed operational flight of Crew Dragon Spacecraft.
➢ The mission will transport four scientists to the International Space Station.
➢ The astronauts to travel to the International Space Station are from NASA, JAXA and ESA. JAXA is the Japanese Space Agency and ESA is European Space Agency.

4. Indian conducted Joint Special Forces Exercise ‘Khanjar’ with which country ______ Kyrgyzstan.
Note:

➢ The two-week-long exercise focuses on high-altitude, mountains and counter-extremism.
➢ The exercise is being held between Special forces of India and Kyrgyzstan since 2011, to take forward the strategic partnership between India and the Kyrgyz Republic.

5. The Luna 25 is Lunar Mission of which country set to be launched by October 2021  ______ Russia.
Note:

➢ The Roscosmos is the State Space Corporation of Russia that is responsible for space flights, aerospace research and cosmonautics programmes.
➢ The Mission will carry a lander. The primary objective of Luna 25 is to prove landing technology.
➢ It is to carry thirty kilo grams of scientific instruments including a robotic arm and drilling hardware to collect soil samples.

6. The 1st Unit of the Indigenously built ALH (Advanced Light Helicopter) Mk-III Aircraft was commissioned into the Indian Navy at ______ INS Hansa, Goa.
Note:

➢ INAS 323 Squadron will comprise of 3 ALH Mk IIIs. It will be commanded by Commander Samik Nundy.
➢ The ALHs are designed and developed Indigenously by the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
➢ The squadron will perform roles like Search and Rescue operations, Special Operations and Coastal Surveillance.

7. Name the experimental Mars helicopter of the NASA that became the first helicopter to take powered, controlled flight on Mars ______ Ingenuity.
Note
:
➢ Ingenuity is a mini 4 pound (1.8 kg) copter, which carried a bit of the wing fabric from the 1903 Wright flyer (Kitty Hawk), the first successful heavier than air powered aircraft.
➢ NASA has invested around 85 million USD to build the ingenuity, a 19 inch(48 cm) tall copter with carbon fiber blades.
The ingenuity was taken to mars along with the Perseverance rover and landed inside the Jezero crater.
The ingenuity was taken to mars along with the Perseverance rover and landed inside the Jezero crater.

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