IMPORTANT NEWS - INDIA
1. The Union Cabinet has approved the Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States (STARS) project which is partly funded by which organization ______ World Bank.
➢ The project will have a total project cost of ₹5,718 crore, with the World Bank’s support amounting to about ₹3,700 crore ($500 million).
➢ A major component of the project is the establishment of PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) as a National Assessment Centre.
2. On the occasion of 75th Anniversary of which organization Prime Minister Narendra Modi released a commemorative coin of Rs 75 denomination to mark the long-standing relation of India with the organization ______ FAO.
➢ The Prime Minister also dedicated to the nation 17 recently developed biofortified varieties of eight crops.
➢ The event marks the highest priority accorded by the government to agriculture and nutrition, and is a testament of the resolve to completely eliminate hunger, undernourishment and malnutrition.
3. India has signed an MoU with which country to promote cooperation in surface and groundwater training, education and research to achieve water security for agricultural, urban, industrial and environmental purposes ______ Australia.
➢ The MoU has been signed to promote cooperation in surface and groundwater training, education and research to achieve water security for agricultural, urban, industrial and environmental purposes.
4. Under whose chairmanship the Central Government has formulated a panel of secretaries to streamline telecom spectrum allocation process and examine the possibility of making the auction of spectrum an annual calendar event ______ Rajiv Gauba.
➢ The panel comprises the secretaries of home, defence, railways, telecom, Information and Broadcasting (I&B) and department of space.
➢ The decision regarding formulation of the panel has been made on the lines of telecom sector demand for the requirement of a clear road map for auctioning spectrum enabling them to plan and allocate resources efficiently.
5. Who is the chairman of the constituted by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to Prepare the Professional Engineers Bill ______ MS Ananth.Note:
➢ The committee is chaired by M.S. Ananth, Former Director of Indian Institute of Technology Madras(IIT-M).
➢ K. Somaprasad, MP demanded a professional regulatory mechanism in the field of Engineering to monitor and measure the professional ethics of engineers.
6. The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has signed an agreement with which IIT and the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to create a pool of officials who will work to find technology solutions for its operational challenges ______ IIT Delhi.
➢ The about 3.25 lakh-strong force has about 500 officers and sub-officers who hold professional degrees in engineering and technology.
➢ The Memorandum of Understanding will enable these officers to undertake short-term specialised courses at these institutions and also pursue research work.
7. What is India’s rank in the “Global Hunger Index 2020” prepared jointly by Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide ______ 94th.
➢ As per the report, India ranked 94th among 107countries.
➢ According to the report India has the highest prevalence of wasted children under five years in the world, which reflects acute undernutrition.
8. What amount of loan will be provided by the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) to the cooperatives under the recently launched Ayushman Sahakar Scheme ______ Rs 10,000 crores.
➢ The scheme will assist the cooperatives to play a crucial role in creating health care infrastructure in the country.
➢ The scheme was formulated by the National Cooperative Development Corporation. The NCDC will provide loans of Rs 10,000 crores to the cooperatives under the scheme.
➢ This includes financial assistance and working capital to meet operational requirements in health sector.
9. Who launched the development of Indigenous Software solution for Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) and Vessels Traffic Monitoring Systems (VTMS) in New Delhi ______ Mansukh Mandaviya.
➢ The launch of indigenous software is in line with Prime Minister’s Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Mission.
➢ The indigenous VTS and VTMS software will help in determining the position of shipping Vessels, position of other traffic and other meteorological hazard warnings, and traffic management within a port or waterway.
10. Under whose chairmanship the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has constituted a Market Data Advisory Committee (MDAC) to set up Data Culture through Data Democratization in the Indian securities market ______ Madhabi Puri Buch.
➢ The committee is headed by Madhabi Puri Buch, Whole Time Member, SEBI and has CEOs of stock exchanges and depositories, representatives of various stakeholders and senior officials of SEBI as members.
➢ The committee will recommend appropriate policy for accessing securities market data, identify segment wise data perimeters, data needs and gaps, recommend data privacy and data access regulations applicable to market data, etc.
11. According to the State of Global Air 2020 report released by the US-based Health Effects Institute and Global Burden of Disease which country recorded the highest annual average PM 2.5 concentration exposure in the world in 2019 ______ India.
➢ India was followed by Nepal, Niger, Qatar and Nigeria in high PM 2.5 exposures.
➢ This means people in India are exposed to the highest PM 2.5 concentrations globally.
➢ India has been recording an increase in PM 2.5 pollution since 2010 contrary to Centre’s claims that annual air pollution levels in the country are coming down.
12. Which online portal has been launched by the Union Science and Technology Minister Harsh Vardhan that provides information about CSIR ushered repurposed drugs and their current stage of trials ______ CuRED.
➢ The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has been exploring multiple combination clinical trials of antivirals with host-directed therapies for a potential treatment of COVID-19 since the beginning of the pandemic.
➢ Apart from information about CSIR repurposed drugs, the website -- CuRED -- also provides details about clinical trials of diagnostics and devices in which the scientific body is involved.
13. As per the Union Health Ministry the aim of the government is to make India Trans Fat free by ______ 2022.
➢ Chairing the event on World Food Day organized by FSSAI, Dr Harsh Vardhan said, due to the unprecedented challenges faced by the world on account of the Covid pandemic, there has been a renewed focus on food, nutrition, health, immunity and sustainability.
➢ He said, focus this year is on elimination of Trans Fats from the food supply chain.
14. Which campaign has been launched by the Union Education Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank on the 89th birth anniversary of former President and Scientist Late Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam ______ KAPILA.
➢ Under this campaign, students pursuing education in higher educational institutions will get information about the correct system of application process for patenting their invention and they will be aware of their rights.
➢ It has also been decided to celebrate the week of October 15th to 23rd as ‘Intellectual Property Literacy Week’.
15. India will hand over INS Sindhuvir, a Kilo class submarine to which country ______ Myanmar.
➢ INS Sindhuvir will be the first submarine of the Southeast Asian country and the move is in line with the overall Indian vision that aspires to guarantee security for all maritime partners.
➢ It belongs to a class of diesel-electric attack submarines built by the Soviet Union during the Cold War years.
16. Which University bags first rank in India as stand-alone institution for filling highest number of patents in a year ______ Chandigarh University.
➢ The annual rankings for the year 2018-19 was recently released by Office of Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks, Government of India which comprises of Academic Institutions and Multinational Companies.
IMPORTANT NEWS - STATE
1. Which state government has announced to has signed a pact with Vedanta Group firm Hindustan Zinc Ltd (HZL) to set up a greenfield zinc smelter in the state ______ Gujarat.
➢ This facility will entail an investment of Rs 5000- 10,000 crore in phases, creating more than 5,000 direct and indirect jobs and will be operational by 2022.
➢ The proposed 300 (kilo tonnes per annum) production capacity project would provide big employment opportunities to the local youths in this tribal area.
2. Which state police has launched ‘AAWAJ’ — ‘Action Against Women-related crime and Awareness for Justice’ the campaign to spread awareness among woman about the crime against them ______ Rajasthan.
➢ Named ‘AAWAJ’ — Action Against Women-related crime and Awareness for Justice the campaign was launched by Civil Rights and Anti-Human Trafficking Unit of the police and will run across the state to generate gender equality and curb crimes against women.
➢ In the first month of the campaign from October 13 to November 12, special efforts will be made to curb rape incidents, besides spreading awareness about the laws related to women safety.
3. Which state government has launched “Sujal”, ‘Drink from Tap Mission’ scheme, to provide round the clock supply of quality tap drinking water in all urban areas of the state ______ Odisha.
➢ The state has set the target to provide piped water connections to all urban areas in the state by March 2022.
➢ Odisha government has set Rs 1300 crore for this scheme which will benefit over 15 lakh people in 15 towns in a phased manner.
4. Which state government signed an agreement with Indian Rugby Football Union (IRFU) to sponsor the Indian national rugby teams till 2023 and facilitate high-performance training and conditioning of the players ______ Odisha.
➢ Odisha government signed an agreement with Indian Rugby Football Union (IRFU) to sponsor the Indian national rugby teams till 2023 and facilitate high-performance training and conditioning of the players. The agreement was signed at the Kalinga Stadium, Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
➢ The Mou was signed by R Vineel Krishna, Director of Sports & Youth Services Department, Odisha and Maneck Unwala, President of IRFU.
5. In which state the ‘Safe City Project’, a 180-day-long campaign has been launched under which the police and other departments will work towards safety of women ______ Uttar Pradesh.
➢ The ‘Safe City Project’, a 180-day-long campaign under which the police and other departments will work towards safety of women.
➢ The central government has approved the project for Lucknow at a total cost of Rs 194 crore with an aim to strengthen security of women in public places.
6. Asan Conservation Reserve has become the India’s 38th Ramsar site located in which state ______ Uttarakhand.
➢ The Reserve is located on the banks of Yamuna river near Dehradun district in Garhwal region of the Himalayan state.
➢ Ramsar declares Asan Conservation Reserve as a site of international importance.
➢ With this, the number of Ramsar sites in India goes up to 38, the highest in South Asia.
7. According to the Indian Tourist Statistics 2020 which state attracted the highest number of domestic tourists in the country in 2019 ______ Uttar Pradesh.
➢ According to the Indian Tourist Statistics 2020, 53,58,55,162 domestic tourists visited the state in 2019.
➢ The state bagged the third spot in terms of the arrival of foreign tourists. As many as 47,45,181 foreign tourists visited UP in the same year.
8. Union Minister for Road Transport, Highways and MSMEs, Nitin Gadkari laid the foundation stone for India’s first Multimodal Logistic Park (MMLP) in which state ______ Assam.
➢ The park will be developed under the Bharatmala Pariyojana of the Government of India.
➢ It is being created by National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation (NHIDCL), owned by the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways(MoRTH).
9. Which state government has launched the electricity consumer service portal “Mo Bidyut” and mobile application, over a virtual platform ______ Odisha.
➢ The portal was developed by the Energy Department and dedicated to the public under the 5T (Team work, Transparency, Technology, Time leading to Transformation) mechanism, an initiative of the government of Odisha.
➢ The electricity services provided by the Mo Bidyut will be governed and monitored under the “Mo Sarkar” (My Government).
IMPORTANT NEWS - WORLD
1. Sooronbai Jeenbekov has resigned from the post of prime minister of which country ______ Kyrgyzstan.
➢ Kyrgyzstan President, Sooronbai Jeenbekov has resigned from his post, following 10 days of unrest caused by protesters who have demanded his removal from office.
➢ On 4th October 2020, he was re-elected as the President in Parliamentary election, causing political turmoil throughout the country.
2. Which two Asian countries have been re-elected to the UN Human Rights Council ______ Pakistan and Nepal.
➢ Pakistan and Nepal have been re-elected to the UN Human Rights Council, while China won a seat by the smallest margin showing a drastic drop in standing.
➢ Established by the UN General Assembly in 2006 as the principal United Nations entity dealing with human rights, the Human Rights Council consists of 47 elected Member.
3. Which two countries have been re-elected as the President and Co-President of the International Solar Alliance (ISA), for a term of two years ______ India and France.
➢ Four new Vice-Presidents were also chosen to represent the four regions of ISA.
➢ The representatives of Fiji & Nauru for Asia Pacific Region; Mauritius & Niger for Africa Region; UK & Netherlands for Europe and others Region, and Cuba and Guyana for Latin America and Caribbean Region assumed the vice presidency.
4. According to the Sydney-based Lowy Institute’s Asia Power Index for 2020, which is the most powerful nation influencing the Asia-Pacific ______ USA.
➢ China is closing in on the U.S. as the most powerful country influencing the Asia-Pacific, as America’s handling of the Covid-19 pandemic tarnishes its reputation
➢ While America retained its place as the region’s top superpower, its 10-point lead on China two years ago has been halved, according to the Sydney-based Lowy Institute’s Asia Power Index for 2020, which ranks 26 nations and territories.
5. Japan has signed an agreements with which country to ensure “free and open Indo-Pacific” ______ Vietnam.
➢ Recently, the QUAD grouping held in Tokyo, reaffirmed the significance of “free and open Indo-Pacific” and raised concerns over increasing Chinese influence in the region.
➢ The agreement between Japan and Vietnam will add to QUAD decisions in the region. The United States has invited the ASEAN countries to join QUAD grouping.
6. Which country will have a first separate ‘Water Attache’ in India from January 2021 which will share the its best practices and technologies for advancements in India’s water management and agriculture sectors ______ Israel.
➢ Notably, water is one of the biggest challenges in India post-COVID.
➢ Apart from this, Israel will also nominate an honorary Consul in the North-East with the aim to increase its presence and collaboration in that region.
➢ These announcements were made by Israeli Ambassador to India Ron Malka.
7. The North Atlantic Treaty organisation is to setup a new Space Centre in which country ______ Germany.
➢ The new Centre will gather information about possible threats to satellites.
➢ The centre is to be developed into a command centre of defensive measures in near future.
➢ The centre is being setup based on Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty organisation.
8. What amount India has contributed to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) for Palestine Refugees in Near East ______ one million dollars.
➢ India has contributed one million dollars to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) for Palestine Refugees in Near East.
➢ This aid will support the Agency’s programmes and services, including education, health care, relief and social services.
HONOR & AWARDS
1. Who bagged the award for the best actress in Kerala Film Awards 2020 ______ Kani Kusurti.
➢ Kusruti had won the best actress award at the recently concluded 42nd Moscow International Film Festival for her performance in ‘Biriyani.’
➢ Lijo Jose Pellissery, who directed ‘Jallikattu’ bagged the best director award, while the best movie award was given to ‘Vasanthi’, directed by Rahman Brothers.
➢ ‘Vasanthi’ also bagged the award for the best female actor in a character role.
2. Which bank has won the 2020 Central bank of the year award ______ Bank of Ghana.
➢ Apart from this, Economist Mark Joseph Carney, Governor of the central bank of the United Kingdom Bank of England, has won the 2020 Governor of the year at the Central bank of the year award .
➢ Central Banking Awards is held annually to recognize excellence in the central banking community. This was the 7th edition of the award and the ceremony was held virtually.
3. Who becomes first Indian woman to win Wildlife Photographer of the Year award ______ Aishwarya Sridhar.
➢ Her photo won among 50,000 entries from over 80 countries across the world. Only 100 images were shortlisted and she won the award for her photograph in the Behaviour Invertebrates category.
➢ Sridhar’s photograph titled ‘Lights of Passion’ bagged the coveted title at the award show organised by the National History Museum.
4. Which country has won the Visvesvaraya ISA Solar Award in the Asia Pacific Region, announced for the first time by International Solar Alliance ______ Japan.
➢ The awards went to Japan for the Asia Pacific region and the Netherlands for Europe and other regions.
➢ The awards named after Bharat Ratna M. Visvesvaraya to the representatives of the countries of Japan, and the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The winners received USD 12,330 prize money.
1. Who won women’s singles title in Denmark Open 2020 badminton championship ______ Nozomi Okuhara.
➢ In Badminton, former World Champion Nozomi Okuhara of Japan clinched the Denmark Open 2020 title beating three-time world champion Carolina Marin in women’s singles.
➢ In the men’s singles final, world number seven Anders Antonsen of Denmark defeated his compatriot Rasmus Gemke.
2. Pace bowler Umar Gul announced his retirement from of cricket after the end of the ongoing National T20 Cup, he is playing for which country ______ Pakistan.
➢ Gul is probably most noted for his success in T20 cricket with Pakistan and he was the leading wicket-taker at both the 2007 and 2009 World Twenty20 tournaments.
➢ From 47 Test matches, Gul took 163 wickets at an average of 34.06. He also claimed 179 wickets from 130 ODIs, besides 85 wickets from 60 T20Is
3. Who won the men’s single title in St. Petersburg Open tennis tournament 2020 ______ Andrey Rublev.
➢ Andrey Rublev joined Novak Djokovic as the only men to win four tour singles titles in the pandemic-shortened 2020 season as he beat Borna Coric 7-6 (5), 6-4 in the final of the St. Petersburg Open tennis tournament.
➢ The 22-year-old Rublev added the title in Russia to trophies in Doha, Adelaide and Hamburg.
BOOKS AND AUTHORS
1. Who has authored the book titled “The Battle of Belonging” set to be released in November 2020 ______ Shashi Tharoor.
➢ The book is about nationalism, patriotism, citizenship, belonging and what they really mean.
➢ Tharoor has written many books, mostly nonfiction like the upcoming book, and a novel.
➢ His most recently published is 'Tharoorosaurus' a vocabulary book that released in September 2020.
2. Who has authored the book titled “On the Trail of Buddha: A Journey to the East” ______ Deepankar Aron.
➢ On the Trail of Buddha—A Journey to the East is a unique sojourn in search of the spiritual, philosophical, and cultural linkages that bind India to the East Asian civilisations.
➢ From the wandering monks of Asia to the temples and monasteries they visited; from the statues and frescoes in grottoes to those in the museums; from the diverse ethnicities of the people to their common gods and goddesses— the book explores the ‘ancient India’, beautifully preserved in the traditions, art, and architecture of China, as also in Mongolia, Korea and Japan, to where it spread from China.
3. The book titled “Portraits of Power: Half a Century of Being at Ringside” is an autobiography of which Indian Economist ______ Nand Kishore Singh.
➢ The book portrays the life of NK Singh who played an active role in the development of the Indian economy.
➢ He is currently serving as the Chairman of the 15th Finance Commission.
➢ The book portrays NK Singhs’s stents from 1964 when he joined the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), serving in higher positions of the Indian Government before entering politics as a member of Rajya Sabha.
4. Who has authored the book titled “Mr Prime Minister, We Shrank the Dragon” ______ Pradeep Goorha.
➢ The book, though fiction is inspired by reality revolving around the currently developing story on India’s northern borders along with the perennially neglected Pakistan’s illegal occupation of PoK, Gilgit-Baltistan, and how these could be solved at this opportune time.
SCIENCE AND DEFENCE
1. Anti-terror exercise “Suraksha Kavach” was organized by which state’s police organization with the Indian Army ______ Maharashtra.
➢ The aim of the exercise was to harmonize the drills and procedures of both Army and Police for activating antiterrorist Quick Reaction Teams (QRTs) to counter any terrorist actions in Pune.
➢ The exercise involved the participation of Quick Reaction Teams, Dog Squads and Bomb Disposal Teams of Army as well as Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) and Quick Reaction Team of Maharashtra Police.
2. The eighth edition of the bilateral maritime exercise SLINEX-20 was conducted between India and which country ______ Sri Lanka.
➢ It was conducted in non-contact at-sea only format.
➢ This strategy has been adopted due to COVID-19 pandemic.
➢ The drill included series of anti-air weapons firing, cross deck flying operations to fine tune high degree of interoperability.
3. The Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO) test fired the naval version BRAHMOS missile from which naval base successfully ______ INS Chennai.
➢ The missile was test fired from an indigenously built stealth destroyer INS Chennai. The missile hit a target in Arabian Sea.
➢ BRAHMOS is a supersonic missile. It was jointly developed by India and Russia.
➢ The major classification of the missiles is Cruise Missiles and Ballistic Missiles.
4. India recently conducted the night version of which indigenously developed nuclear capable missile ______ Prithvi II.
➢ The test was successful. The test was conducted at the Integrated Test Range, Balasore, Odisha.
➢ Prithvi II is a surface-to-surface missile. The first trial of Prithvi II was conducted in September 2020.
5. Which country will not be a participant in the Malabar exercise that is to be conducted in November 2020 ______ Australia.
➢ This means that all the four Quad countries are to participate in the exercise.
➢ The countries to participate in the exercise are Japan, India and US.
➢ In the process of seeking international cooperation in maritime security domain, India had sought Australia to participate in the exercise. The exercise is to be held in “non-contact at sea” format.
6. India successfully test fired which Anti-Tank Missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organization ______ SANT.
➢ It was developed by the Defence Research and Development Organization for the Indian Air Force. The missile was test fired at the Chandipur test range.
➢ The missile has both lock-on before launch and lock-on after launch capabilities.
➢ SANT missile is a variant of Nag missile. The other variants of Nag missile are Helina (or Dhruvastra) and MPATGM. SANT is an upgraded version of HELINA.