Weekly Current Affairs (22nd to 30th April 2021) Part - 2 Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

Weekly Current Affairs

Current Affairs : Weekly Current Affairs (22nd to 30th April 2021) Part - 2 Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

The document Weekly Current Affairs (22nd to 30th April 2021) Part - 2 Current Affairs Notes | EduRev is a part of the Current Affairs Course Weekly Current Affairs.
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Important News – India

1. What is India’s rank in the Energy Transition Index (ETI) 2021 released by the World Economic Forum (WEF) that tracks nations on the current performance of their energy systems across various aspects ______ 87th.
Note:

➢ The report was published by the World Economic Forum (WEF)
➢ The report, prepared in collaboration with Accenture, also draws on insights from ETI.
➢ The top 10 countries in the index are Western and Northern European countries, with Sweden in the first place, followed by Norway and Denmark. "China (68) and India (87), which collectively account for a third of global energy demand, have both made strong improvements over the past decade, despite coal continuing to play a significant role in their energy mix.

2. Who represented Delhi and India at the World Cities Cultural Forum (WCCF) 2021  ______ Arvind Kejriwal.
Note:

➢ It is a forum of 40 top cities of world including London, Tokyo and New York.
➢ The WCCF 2021 Forum was hosted by London.
➢ The WCCF is an annual summit attended by the deputy mayors for culture and heads of culture from the member cities & it will be hosted by each member City annually.
➢ The theme of WCCF 2021 is “The Future of Culture”.

3. The Indian Air Force Commanders Conference 2021 took place in New Delhi, what was the theme of the conference ______ Reorienting for the Future.
Note:

➢ The theme of the conference was – ‘Reorienting for the Future’.
➢ Other subjects of discussions were identifying challenges across all threat domains, incorporation of new technologies such as Artificial Intelligence & 5G into the service.

4. Which became the only Indian University to make it to the list of World’s Top 100 Educational Institutions in the 3rd edition of Times Higher Education (THE) Impact Rankings 2021 ______ Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Tamil Nadu.
Note:

➢ Apart from Amrita Vishwa University, two Indian Universities namely Karnataka-based JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research and Punjab-based Lovely Professional University were ranked in the list with a place in the 100-200 grouping.
➢ At the global level, University of Manchester (UK), University of Sydney (Australia) & RMIT University (Australia) grabbed the top 3 places

5. With Which IIT the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to setup an Accelerator Centre for Research & Development in the institute ______ IIT Khargpur.
Note:

➢ The centre will act as an incubation hub for creation & development of technological products.
➢ The Accelerator Centre will act similar to Central govt’s “ASHA-India initiative”.
➢ About Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA):
➢ Minister of State Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA)– Hardeep Singh Puri.

6. Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) of Indian Air Force (IAF), Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria recently visited to which country ______ France.
Note:

➢ During his visit he flagged off four Rafale aircraft for India.
➢ During his visit to France, he flagged off the four Rafale fighter jets for India from a Merignac airbase in France.
➢ These jets once inducted into service will complete the first Rafale squadron No. 17 Golden Arrows based at Ambala.
➢ The next(2nd) squadron will be based in Hasimara air base in West Bengal.

7. What is India’s rank in the Chandler Good Government Index (CGGI), which classifies 104 countries in terms of government capabilities and outcomes ______ 49th.
Note:

➢ The Chandler Good Government Index shows the importance of measuring and investing in governance capabilities that matter.
➢ It highlights a key need for ‘pracademics’ in government – people who combine a rigorous understanding of research and data with a practical and grounded sense of what governments need to do to succeed.
➢ Finland has topped the CGGI list, in which each country is measured across over 50 open data points.

8. Which becomes the fourth country with which India has decided to hold '2+2 ministerial dialogue' between foreign, defence ministers ______ Russia.
Note:

➢ 2+2 Ministerial is the highest-level institutional mechanism between the two countries.
➢ It is a format of dialogue where the defence/foreign ministers or secretaries meet with their counterparts from another country.

9. Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare (MoA&FW) has certified around 14, 491 Hectares of land as ‘Organic Area’ under the ‘Large Area Certification (LAC)’ scheme in  ______ Car Nicobar and Nancowry Islands.
Note:

➢ It became the 1st large contiguous territory to be conferred with organic certification.
➢ LAC is a certification programme under the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare’s (DAC&FW) flagship scheme ‘Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)’.
➢ The organic certification will help farmers in getting direct access to the emerging organic food market of the country.

Important News – State

1. Which state government has signed an MoU with Microsoft Corporation to offer skill development training to around 1.6 lakh students and unemployed youths across more than 300 colleges and skill development centres ______ Andhra Pradesh.
Note:

➢ This is the biggest and first of its kind initiative by a state government to cover all the graduates of the state.
➢ Microsoft will collaborate with the Higher Education department to provide scalable skilling experience which includes, access to the 40 courses and certifications on Microsoft’s learning resource centre, Microsoft Learn.

2. With which state the Coal India Limited (CIL) has signed its first solar power purchase agreement for the sale of 100 Mw solar power with a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) for 25 years ______ Gujarat.
Note:

➢ CIL entered into a PPA and supply the 100 Mw power generated to GUVNL within 18 months with a capital investment of Rs 442 crore.
➢ The 100 MW project will be executed through a Solar EPC Contractor (engineering, procurement, and construction).
➢ CIL plans for 3,000 Mw of solar power generation by 2024 and it plans to invest nearly Rs13,500 crore in solar power projects through the company’s internal resources, Special Purpose Vehicles (SPV), and bank loans.

3. Which state government has launched ‘Covid Emergency Loan Scheme’ for new and old entrepreneurs supplying medicines, oxygen and other medical facilities to Covid-19 patients ______ Haryana.
Note:

➢ For this, the State Government has set up a fund of Rs 500 crore.
➢ Under the scheme, Haryana Government will help businessmen, presently working in the state, to increase their current production or to set up new units to meet various requirements to tackle Covid-19 pandemic.

4. Which state government has approved ‘HARIHAR Scheme’ under which a job will be provided to abandoned, surrendered children and turned 18-year-old while living in child-care institutions ______ Haryana.
Note:

➢ The children abandoned when below 5 years of age and surrendered before turning one-year-old will be eligible for benefits of HARIHAR initiative of the Haryana government. Under the policy, eligible children will get benefits of education, employment, and financial support.
➢ The policy provides for free schooling, higher education, technical education, skill development and industrial training, apart from financial assistance up to the age of 25 years or marriage, whichever is earlier, and one-time interest-free loan for buying a house in Haryana.

5. The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) has established a ‘Water Sports and Adventure Institute (WSAI)’ in which state ______ Uttarakhand.
Note:

➢ The institute was inaugurated by Uttarakhand Chief Minister Tirath Singh Rawat along with Union Minister of State for Sports Kiren Rijiju.
➢ The Mountaineering and Skiing Institute of ITBP at Auli, will independently run this institution.

6. Which state government announced to appoint oxygen nurses to curb wastage of oxygen at hospitals ______ Maharashtra.
Note:

➢ The primary job of an oxygen nurse is to monitor the requirement of oxygen every 2-4 hours round the clock, its use among patients and to ensure minimum wastage.
➢ Instruction has been issued to all government medical colleges and hospitals to set up a dedicated team of nurses.

Important News – World

1. Which country ranked at first position in the Energy Transition Index (ETI) 2021 released by the World Economic Forum (WEF) that tracks nations on the current performance of their energy systems across various aspects ______ Sweden.
Note:

➢ The report has been prepared in collaboration with Accenture, also draws on insights from ETI.
➢ The top 10 countries in the index are Western and Northern European countries, with Sweden in the first place, followed by Norway and Denmark. "China (68) and India (87), which collectively account for a third of global energy demand, have both made strong improvements over the past decade, despite coal continuing to play a significant role in their energy mix.

2. Which city has been selected as the World Book Capital for 2021 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) ______ Tbilisi, Georgia.
Note:

➢ As per UNESCO, the city of Tbilisi in Georgia was selected as the World Book Capital for 2021.
➢ World Book Day is celebrated by UNESCO on April 23, every year.
➢ As a celebration of this year's World's Book and Copyright Day 2021, UNESCO has created a 'Bookface' challenge.

3. The 6th Global Forum on TB Vaccines will be convened in which city from 22 – 24 February 2022 ______ Toulouse, France.
Note:

➢ The 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines was held virtually from 20th April to 22nd April 2021.
➢ It was attended by Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).
➢ The forum is convened by Stop TB Partnership Working Group on New Vaccines in association with International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) & TuBerculosis Vaccine Initiative (TBVI).

4. Which city hosted the World Cities Cultural Forum (WCCF) 2021 ______ London.
Note:

➢ It is a forum of 40 top cities of world including London, Tokyo and New York.
➢ The WCCF is an annual summit attended by the deputy mayors for culture and heads of culture from the member cities & it will be hosted by each member City annually.
➢ The theme of WCCF 2021 is “The Future of Culture”.

5. For how much time in row Norway tops in the World Press Freedom Index 2021 released by international journalism notfor-profit body Reporters Without Borders ______ 5th time.
Note:

➢ The index was topped by Norway for the 5th time in a row followed by Finland & Sweden.
➢ India with a score of 46.56 ranked at 142nd Rank. Also, in 2020 India was ranked at 142nd.
➢ India has been classified as a country with a ‘bad’ environment for Press Freedom, it shared the classification with Brazil, Mexico & Russia.

6. Which University finds top position in the 3rd edition of Times Higher Education (THE) Impact Rankings 2021 ______ University of Manchester, UK.
Note:

➢ At the global level, University of Manchester (UK), University of Sydney (Australia) & RMIT University (Australia) grabbed the top 3 places.
➢ Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Tamil Nadu became the only Indian University to make it to the list of World’s Top 100 Educational Institutions for sustainability.
➢ It was ranked 81st (overall ranking) in the 3rd edition of Times Higher Education (THE) Impact Rankings 2021.

7. Which of the following is not a member country of ‘Net Zero Producers Forum’ being set up to support implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change ______ India.
Note:

➢ Saudi Arabia decided to join the forum.
➢ Saudi Arabia is the world's biggest crude exporter.
➢ SA aims to reduce its carbon emissions by generating 50% of the country's energy from renewables by 2030.
➢ U.S President Joe Biden unveiled plans to cut emissions by 50%-52% from 2005 levels at the start of a two-day climate summit kicked off on Earth Day and attended virtually by leaders of 40 countries including big emitters China, India and Russia.

8. Which country will build World’s most powerful weather, climate-change forecasting supercomputer ______ United Kingdom.
Note:

➢ Likely to be operational in 2022, the supercomputer will provide accurate warnings on severe weather and help protect from impact of increasingly extreme storms, floods and snow in the UK.
➢ In February 2020, the UK government had announced funding of £1.2 billion (about ₹12,400 crore) to develop this supercomputer, which is expected to be one of the top 25 supercomputers in the world.

9. Which organization has released the report, “Gender Bias & Inclusion in Advertising in India” that analyzed Indian Women’s position in Televisions & Advertisements ______ UNICEF.
Note:

➢ The research conducted by UNICEF with the Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media measures the level and type of gender stereotyping found in Indian advertisements on TV and YouTube, through analysis of over 1,000 most viewed advertisements in 2019.
➢ The ads were provided and translated by the India Chapter of the International Advertising Association (IAA). UNICEF shared that IAA will be working with members to launch campaigns to deconstruct harmful stereotypes.

10. Which country has topped the Chandler Good Government Index (CGGI), which classifies 104 countries in terms of government capabilities and outcomes _____ Finland.
Note:

➢ The index focuses on seven pillars: leadership and foresight; robust laws and policies; strong institutions; financial stewardship; attractive marketplace; global influence and reputation; and helping people rise.
➢ India has been ranked 49th in the Chandler Good Government Index (CGGI), which classifies 104 countries in terms of government capabilities and outcomes.

11. Which country has launched NEO-01, robot prototype capable of catching space debris with net ______ China.
Note:

➢ The NEO-01, which will also peer into deep space to observe small celestial bodies, was launched on the government's Long March 6 rocket along with a handful of satellites, state-run Xinhua news agency reported.
➢ The 30kg robot developed by Shenzhen-based Origin Space will pave the way for future technologies capable of mining on asteroids, according to the company.

12. Along with India and Australia which country has launched the ‘Supply Chain Resilience Initiative (SCRI)’ to build a resilient supply chain with focus on free, transparent trade & investment environment in the Indo-Pacific region ______ Japan.
Note:

➢ It will reduce the dependency of the 3 countries on China and counter its dominance on Trade.
➢ During the initial stages, SCRI will focus on sharing best practices on supply chain resilience & holding investment promotion events for stakeholders to diversify their supply chains.

13. Which became the first country in the world to permit self-driving cars on motorways  ______ United Kingdom.
Note:

➢ In order to make safe use of the self-driving vehicle system, the transport ministry of the UK was working on specific wording to update its country’s highway code.
➢ For keeping the cars within a lane, a technology called Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS) will be used as it uses sensors and software to guide the self-driving cars to accelerate and brake without manual input.

Honor & Awards

1. Which state has won the “E-Panchayat Puraskar 2021” ranking first under Category I  ______ Uttar Pradesh.
Note:

➢ The award recognises the efforts of UP in implementing the e-applications developed by the Centre and other applications developed by the State Government.
➢ Uttar Pradesh was followed by Assam and Chhattisgarh in 2nd rank and Odisha and Tamil Nadu in 3rd rank.
➢ The award was instituted by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj(MoPR) to promote the use of ICT in monitoring the works of gram panchayats.

2. Who become the first Indian and Asian woman to be chosen for the 2021 'WILD Innovator Award' given by the 'WILD ELEMENTS Foundation ______ Krithi K Karanth.
Note:

➢ This award given by the 'WILD ELEMENTS Foundation' brings together a coalition of innovators, advocates and partners to "disrupt the status quo and identify solutions to global sustainability and conservation.

3. Along with Jio Platform which company have figured in Time Magazine’s first-ever list of 100 Most Influential Companies ______ Byju’s.
Note:

➢ It listed Jio Platforms under the Innovators category alongside Zoom, Adidas, TikTok, Ikea, Moderna and Netflix.
➢ Byju's was listed alongside Tesla, Huawei, Shopify, Airbnb and DiDi Chuxing in the Disruptors category.

Sports News

1. Arjun Kalyan held from which state who became India’s 68th Chess Grand Master (GM) after winning against Dragan Kosic of Montenegro in the 5th round of the ongoing GM Round Robin “Rujna Zora-3” in Serbia ______ Tamil Nadu.
Note:

➢ In order to qualify for the title of GM,a player must achieve 3 GrandMaster norms in events covering a minimum of 27 games and an ELO(Electric Light Orchestra) rating of at least 2500 at any point in their career.
➢ Arjun Kalyan already had 4 GM norms under his belt but his ELO was 2477.After playing a steady chess in the three closed round robin event he crossed the 2500 mark to become India’s 68th GM.

2. Who become the first Indian women to scale the Mount Annapurna 10th highest mountain peak in the world ______ Priyanka Mohite.
Note:

➢ Priyanka Mohite from Satara in western Maharashtra has scaled Mt Annapurna, the 10th highest mountain peak in the world, becoming the first Indian woman climber to achieve the feat.
➢ Priyanka has also climbed the world’s highest peak Mount Everest (8,849 metres) in 2013, Mount Lhotse (8,516 metres) in 2018, Mount Makalu (8,485 metres) and also Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895 metres) in 2016.

3. Name the Indian boxer who won a bronze medal at the Governor’s Cup in St Petersburg, Russia ______ Amit Panghal.
Note:

➢ Amit, a world championship silver-medallist, lost 5-0 to the Uzbek, who is also the reigning Olympic champion.
➢ This was the Indian's second loss to Zoirov after the 2019 world championships. In that event, he had lost to Zoirov in the finals.

4. Which Football Club has won the League Cup final in London ______ Manchester City.
Note:

➢ The final was played in front of 8,000 supporters, including 2,000 from each club - and it was a delight to hear noise inside Wembley's vast arena once more.
➢ City's victory equalled Liverpool's achievement in the early 1980s of winning the competition four years in a row, as well as matching the Reds' overall tally of eight triumphs, and manager Pep Guardiola said his players are motivated by such milestones.

5. According to the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) which country will host the World Table Tennis Championship 2021 for the first time ______ USA.
Note:

➢ This is for the 1st time USA will host the World Table Tennis Championship.
➢ The decision was made at a meeting of the ITTF executive committee on April 11.
➢ It is to be noted that, 2020 World Table Tennis Championship in Busan, South Korea was cancelled due to covid-19 pandemic.

6. Who has won the 68th Edition of Barcelona Open ______ Rafael Nadal.
Note:

➢ This is the 12th Barcelona Open Title for Rafael Nadal.
➢ The 2021 Barcelona Open (sponsored by Banc Sabadell) took place from April 17-25, 2021 at Real Club de Tenis Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
➢ Rafael Nadal won his 1st Barcelona Title in the year 2005.
➢ Barcelona Open is an annual tennis tournament for male professional players and is played on clay courts.

7. AIBA Youth Men’s and Women’s World Boxing Championships 2021 was held in which country ______ Poland.
Note:

➢ India topped the overall medals tally by winning 11 Medals (8 Gold, 3 Bronze) .
➢ The AIBA Youth World Boxing Championships is an biennial event, around 414 boxers from 52 countries participated in the 2021 edition.

8. Name the Indian boxer the only one from the Indian Men’s Boxing Contingent to win a Gold Medal (56 Kg) at the event ______ Sachin.
Note:

➢ India topped the overall medals tally by winning 11 Medals (8 Gold, 3 Bronze) .
➢ The AIBA Youth World Boxing Championships is an biennial event, around 414 boxers from 52 countries participated in the 2021 edition.
➢ Indian Boxer Sachin who hails from Bhiwani, Haryana was the only one from the Indian Men’s Boxing Contingent to win a Gold Medal (56 Kg) at the event.

9. Who has won the GM round robin Rujna Zora-3 2021 chess tournament which concluded in Serbia ______ Arjun Kalyan.
Note:

➢ The 18-year-old Kalyan is a B. Com. student at the SRM College (Vadapalani) in Chennai.
➢ He is coached by IM Saravanan and Ukrainian GM Aleksandr Goloshchapov.

Books and Authors

1. Who has authored the book titled “The Living Mountain: A Fable for Our Times”  ______ Amitav Ghosh.
Note:

➢ It will be Published by Harper Collins India.
➢ The Book is written in the Structure of a fable about Mahaparbat,the living mountain.
➢ It is a cautionary tale of how humans have systematically exploited nature leading to an environment collapse.
➢ The book will also be published simultaneously in Hindi and as an ebook and an audio book.

Science and Defence

1. Which IIT has successfully commercialized its flagship healthcare product COVIRAP the novel diagnostic technology to zero on infectious diseases including COVID-19 ______ IIT Kharagpur.
Note:

➢ The product, developed by lead researchers Professor Suman Chakraborty, Dr Arindam Mondal and their research group, has been licensed for commercialisation to the Rapid Diagnostic Group of Companies, India and Bramerton Holdings LLC, USA.

2. Bilateral Naval Exercise titled as ‘VARUNA-2021’ was conducted between India and which country ______ France.
Note:

➢ The exercise will be conducted from 25th to 27th April 2021.
➢ INS Kolkata, INS Tarkash, INS Talwar and Chetak integral helicopters will participate in the exercise
➢ It was initiated in 1983 as Indo-French naval cooperation plays a key role in the two countries' joint vision for a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific.

3. The Singapore Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SICCI) collaborated with Start-up Incubation and Innovation Centre (SIIC) of which IIT to mutually promote Technology based Startups ______ IIT Kanpur.
Note:

➢ The Singapore Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SICCI) collaborated with Start-up Incubation and Innovation Centre (SIIC) of IIT-Kanpur to mutually promote Technology based Startups.
➢ Under this collaboration, SICCI-SIIC conducts a Launchpad Competition – “SICCI-SIIC INNOVATION LAUNCHPAD”.

4. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), successfully test-fired the 5th generation Python-5 Air-toAir Missile (AAM) from which air craft ______ Tejas.
Note:

➢ This adds the Python-5 Air-to-Air Missile (AAM) in the air-to-air weapons package of India’s indigenously developed Light Combat Aircraft, Tejas.
➢ The trials also aimed to validate the enhanced capability of the already integrated Derby Beyond Visual Range (BVR) AAM on Tejas.

5. Name the community service centre that has been set up to bring all data on board India’s first dedicated solar space mission to a single web-based interface ______ Aditya L1.
Note:

➢ It is a joint effort of Indian Space Research Organisation and Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences.
➢ It will allow every interested individual to perform scientific analysis of the data.
➢ It is slated to develop specific tools to assist guest observers and researchers to prepare observing proposals for Aditya-L1 observations.

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