Worksheet - Conditionals Notes | EduRev

English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English- Class 9

Class 9 : Worksheet - Conditionals Notes | EduRev

The document Worksheet - Conditionals Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 9 Course English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English- Class 9.
All you need of Class 9 at this link: Class 9

Introduction: There are several structures in English which are called conditionals. 'Condition' means 'situation or circumstance'. If a particular condition is true, then a particular result happens. There are three basic conditionals that we use very often. There are some more conditionals that we do not use so often. The conditionals are used to talk about real or unreal situations. They are also sometimes called if-clauses. Real Conditional describes real-life situations. Unreal Conditional describes unreal or imaginary situations.
If a certain condition is true, then a particular result happens.
There are four basic conditionals that we use in English.  

  • Zero Conditional
  • First Conditional
  • Second Conditional
  • Third Conditional  

Zero Conditional: Certainty
The Zero Conditional is used for things that are always true as long as the condition is met.
Formation: If + present simple + present simple

 If Condition Result Situation
 If Present simple You heat water to 100∘  Celsius Present simple It boils  Fact-universal
 If Present simple I drink Coffee Present simple I get a headache   Fact- personal

In these examples, the result will always occur if the condition is met, so the time is not important.  

First Conditional: A real possibility in the future
A First Conditional sentence is for future actions dependent on the result of another future action or event, where there is a reasonable possibility of the conditions for the action being satisfied.
Formation: if + present simple + will
If she gets good grades, she will go to university.

ModelConditionResultPossibility
IfShe gets good grades,She will go to universityIf the condition is met then she definitely will go
IfHe gets good grades,He may go to universityHe is not sure about going to university
IfHe gets good gradesShe should go to universityThe speaker is expressing his or her opinion giving advice
IfHe gets good gradesHe can go to universityThis means that it is possible  
IfHe gets good gradesShe could go to universityThis means that it is possible but not that likely.
IfHe gets good gradesHe might go to universityThis means that it is possible but not that likely.


Second Conditional: Imaginary Present or Unlikely Future
The Second Conditional can be used to talk about imaginary present situations, where we are imagining something different from what is really the case. We can also use it to talk about things in the future that are unlikely to happen, as the condition is unlikely to be met. We use the past tense in the condition part and would for the result.
Formation: if + past simple, + would + base form  
If I were you, I'd tell her,  

IfConditionTimeResultPossibility
 Past timePresentwould + base verb  Impossible
IfI had the time I would learn ItalianI don't have the time so I'm not going to learn Italian.
 Past simpleFutureWould + base verbUnlikely
IfI won the lottery I would travel around the worldThere's a very small chance of winning the lottery so the trip is unlikely

 

Third Conditional: Imaginary Past
The Third Conditional is used when we are talking about the past and imagining something different from what actually happened, that means for imaginary past actions, where the conditions for the action were not satisfied.
Formation: If + past perfect, + would have + past participle  
If I had known, I would have helped. I didn't know and didn't help.

IfConditionResultCertainty
 Past perfectWould have + past participle 
IfI had knownI would have helpedAlthough this didn't happen the speaker is sure about the result. 
IfI had knownI could have helpedAlthough this didn't happen the result is only a possibility.
IfI had knownI might have helpedAlthough this didn't happen the result is only a possibility.
IfYou had knownYou should have helpedAlthough this didn't happen it is only a good suggestion or piece of advice.
Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Related Searches

Objective type Questions

,

pdf

,

Worksheet - Conditionals Notes | EduRev

,

Semester Notes

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

practice quizzes

,

Free

,

Worksheet - Conditionals Notes | EduRev

,

study material

,

past year papers

,

Summary

,

mock tests for examination

,

Exam

,

video lectures

,

Viva Questions

,

Extra Questions

,

MCQs

,

ppt

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Worksheet - Conditionals Notes | EduRev

,

Important questions

,

Sample Paper

;