Q.1. Fill in the blanks.
(i) African people were divided into white, ________, Indian and coloured races.
(ii) Apartheid means separation on the basis of ___________.
(iii) Non-whites were not allowed to ___________.
(iv) _________led the struggle against apartheid.
(v) Through ______in elections people elect leaders to represent them.
(vi) Elected representatives take decisions on behalf of the _________.
(vii) The earlier practice of untouchability is now banned by ________.
Q.2. Name the person who fought against untouchability.
Q.3. What is the key idea of a democratic government?
Q.4. Who was the well-known leader of The African National Congress?
Q.5. Who was Hector and what did he want?
Q.6. How does our society value the girl or the boy child?
(i) Nelson Mandela fought the apartheid system for several years. ___
(ii) Religious processions and celebrations can sometimes lead to conflicts. __________
(iii) In 1984 South Africa became a democratic country. _________
(iv) In our society there is a general tendency to value and care for the girl child more than the boy child. _________
(v) The key idea of a democratic government is its commitment to equality and justice. _________
Q.8. What is “Zulu”?
Q.9. What Hector and other school students were forced to do?
Q.10. Name the river on which Krishnasagar dam and Mettur dam are situated.
Q.11. What „Apartheid‟ means?
Q.12. Where Hector lived?
Q.13. What are the effects of conflict in the society?
Q.14. Who is responsible for helping to resolve conflicts?
Q.15. How did South African police treat the protesters?
Q.16. When South Africa became a democratic country?
Q.17. List the various races that live in South Africa.