Q.1. When was the constitution of India adopted?
26th November, 1949.
Q.2. In which year reorganization of states on linguistic basis becomes a reality?
Q.3. What is Clouse?
A distinct section of a document.
Q.4. Who are called black in South Africa?
The native people of South Africa are black.
Q.5. What is Apartheid?
The official policy of racial discrimination and till treatment of blacks followed by the government of South Africa between the years of 1948 to 1989.
Q.6. Define Tryst.
Meeting or meeting place that has been agreed upon.
Q.7. What resolution was made in 1931, Karachi Session?
How independent India’s constitution should look like.
Q.8. What do understand by constitutional amendment?
The constitution of India is long and detailed documents. It needs to be amended quit regularly to keep it updated. The makers of the constitution felt that it has to be in accordance with people’s aspirations and changes in society. They did not see it as a scared, static and unalterable law. So it is the provision of change in constitution made by the supreme legislative body in a country.
Q.9. What is the importance of Preamble of the Constitution?
The Preamble of the constitution is important because it contains the philosophy on which the entire Constitution has been built. It provides a standard to examine and evaluate any law and action of government to find whether it is good or bad. It is the soul of the Indian constitution.
Q.10. Who was Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai patel?
He was born (1875-1950) in Gujarat. Home Minister, Information and broadcasting minister. Lawyer and leader of Bardoli peasant Satyagraha. Played a decisive role in the integration of the Indian princely states. Later he became Deputy Home minister.
Q.11. What do you know about T.T. Krishnamachari?
T.T. Krishnamachari (1899-1974)Born- Tamil Nadu. Member of Drafting Committee. Entrepreneur and congress leader. Later finance Minister in the Union Cabinet.
Q.12. What do you know about Jaipal Singh?
Jaipal Singh (1903-1970)Born- Jharkhand. A sportsman and educationist. Captain of the first national Hockey TeamFounder president of Adivasi Maha Sabha. Later founder Jharkhand Party.
Q.13. What do you know about G. Durgabai Deshmukh?
G. Durgabai Deshmukh (1909-1981)Born- Andhra Pradesh. Advocate and Public Activist for women’s emancipation. Founder Andhra Mahila Sabha. Congress Leader. Later Founder Chairperson of Central Social Welfare Board.
Q.14. What do you know about Kanhaiyalal Maniklal Munshi?
Kanhaiyalal Maniklal Munshi(1887-1971). Born-Gujarat. Advocate historian and linguist. Congress leader and Gandhian. Later: Minister in the Union Cabinet. Founder of the Swatantra Party.
Q.15. What do you know about Shyama Prasad Mukherjee?
Shyama Prasad Mukherjee (1901-1953). Born-West Bengal. Minister for Industry and Supply in the Interim Government. Educationist and lawyer. Active in Hindu Mahasabha. Later: Founder President of Bharatiya Jansangh.
Q.16. “The South African Constitution inspires democrats all over the world”. Comment.
The South African constitution inspires democrats all over the world. A state denounced by the entire world till recently as the most undemocratic one is now seen as a model of democracy. What made this change possible was the determination of the South African people to work together, to transform bitter experience into the binding glue of a rainbow nation. They agreed that everybody should become part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. The preamble to the South African constitution sums up the spirit.
Q.17. What is constitution? Explain the role of constitution in a country?
The constitution of a country is a set of written rules that are accepted by all people living together in a country. Constitution is the supreme law that determines the relationship among people living in a territory and also the relationship between the people and government. It generates a degree of truest and coordination that is necessary for different kind of people to live together. It specifies how the government will be constituted who will have power to take which decision. It lays down limits on the powers of the government and tells us what the rights of the citizens are. It expresses the aspirations of the people about creating a good society.
Q.18. “Democracy is the only peaceful solution to the problems on a socially diverse country like India”. Comment.
In a diverse country like India, democracy keeps our country together. In our country, people belong to different regions, languages, religious and castes. Equal dignity and respect is given to every citizen without any discrimination. They have different performances. The preferences of one group can clash with those of other groups which can be resolved here in a better way. In a democracy no one is a permanent winner and no one is a permanent loser. Different groups can live with one another peacefully. In any society, people have differences of opinion and interests. These differences are particular sharp in a country like ours where there is a wide social diversity.
Q.19. Explain the terms Justice, liberty, equality and fraternity, written the preamble of India.
Justice: Citizens cannot be discriminated on the ground of caste, religion and gender. Social inequalities have to be reduced. Government should work for the welfare of all, especially of the disadvantaged group.
Liberty: There are no unreasonable restrictions on the citizens in what they wish to express their thoughts and the way they wish to follow up their thought in action.
Equality: All are equal before the law. The traditional social inequalities have to be ended. The government should ensure equal opportunity for all.
Fraternity: All should behave as if we are members of the same family. No one should treat a fellow citizen as inferior.
Q.20. Why is the Preamble very important?
It declares India to be a sovereign, Socialist, Secular Democratic Republic. It envisages Justice-Social, Economic and political for all the citizens of the Republic. It ensures all types of freedom necessary for the individuals that are freedom of thought and expression. It strives for equality of status and opportunity to all individuals and safeguards their dignity irrespective of their religious belief or section. It promotes a sense of brotherhood among the citizens.