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Worksheet Solution: Freedom Strugggle - Notes | Study Social Studies for Class 5 - Class 5

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MCQs

Question 1: ___________ believed in a revolutionary approach.
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Dadabhai Naoroji
(c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(d) None of these

Correct Answer is Option A.

Gandhi's system of Satyagraha was based on nonviolence, non-cooperation, truth and honesty. Gandhi used non violence in India's freedom struggle as main weapon and India became independent from British rule.

Question 2: The Indian National Congress was founded in
(a) 1912
(b) 1905
(c) 1885
(d) None of these

Correct Answer is Option C.

On 28 December 1885, the Indian National Congress was founded at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay, with 72 delegates in attendance. Hume assumed office as the General Secretary, and Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee of Calcutta was elected president.

True & False

Question 3:

  • The Indian National congress was started by W. C. Bonnerjee. True
  • Ashfaqullah Khan was a revolutionary. True

EduRev Tips:

  • The Indian National congress was started by W. C. Bonnerjee. He was the co-founder and first president of Indian National Congress.
  • Ashfaqullah Khan the revolutionary – also a poet writing under the pen name of 'hasrat' and 'warsi', and a dreamer who had wanted to open a school.

Short answer type questions.

Question 4: Who founded the Indian National Congress?

The party was formed by a civil servant named Allan Octavian Hume who was a Britisher. The party was formed with a total of 72 delegates from all the provinces and presidencies of India. They all met in Bombay from the 28th to 30th December 1885.

Question 5: What was the approach of the moderates? How were they different from the hardliners?

Moderates believed in constitutional and peaceful methods. They aimed at administrative and constitutional reforms and wanted more Indians in the administration. To bring political awareness among the people they held meetings and discussions on social, economic and cultural matters.

Differences between Moderates and hardliners in realizing their objectives are: As such, the Moderates believed in the methods of constitution as the attempts carried the mark of individuality and were isolated from the masses. Thehardliners  believed in the power of the masses.

Question 6: Explain the Divide and Rule policy of the British.

In 1857, the 'Great Mutiny' broke out in which the Hindus and Muslims jointly fought against the British. This shocked the British government so much that after suppressing the Mutiny, they decided to start the policy of divide and rule.

Fill in the blanks

Question 7:

(a) The British partitioned Bengal to divide the Muslims and Hindus.
(b) The British followed the policy of divide and rule.

Match the following

Question 8:

Worksheet Solution: Freedom Strugggle - Notes | Study Social Studies for Class 5 - Class 5

Worksheet Solution: Freedom Strugggle - Notes | Study Social Studies for Class 5 - Class 5

The document Worksheet Solution: Freedom Strugggle - Notes | Study Social Studies for Class 5 - Class 5 is a part of the Class 5 Course Social Studies for Class 5.
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