Worksheet Solution: How Do Plants Make Their Food Notes | Study Science for Class 4 - Class 4

Class 4: Worksheet Solution: How Do Plants Make Their Food Notes | Study Science for Class 4 - Class 4

The document Worksheet Solution: How Do Plants Make Their Food Notes | Study Science for Class 4 - Class 4 is a part of the Class 4 Course Science for Class 4.
All you need of Class 4 at this link: Class 4

Give two examples of the following.

Question 1:

  • Roots with stored food Carrots, Radish 
  • Flowers with stored food Broccoli and Cauliflower
  • Insectivorous plants Venus flytrap, Bladderwort
  • Stems with stored food Sugarcane, potato
  • Parasitic plants Viscum, Cuscuta, Loranthus
  • Animals that depend on plants for shelter Squirrel, Monkey.

EduRev Tips:

  • Roots attach the plant body to the ground. It provides support to the plant and helps in holding the plant firmly in the ground. Root hairs of the plant absorb water and minerals from the soil and pass it to the stem. Some roots like carrot, radish etc. store food.
  • Some plants store food in flowers such as Broccoli and Cauliflower
  • Insectivorous plants are the ones that derive most of their nutrition by trapping the insects and consuming the insects.
  • Stem transport water and minerals from root to other parts of the plants. It also transport food prepared by the leaves to different part of the plants.Some underground stem stores food such as sugarcane, potato, ginger etc.
  • A parasitic plant is a plant that derives some or all of its nutritional requirements from another living plant. 
  • Plants provide shelter and safety for animals. Plants also provide a place for animals to find other food, plants provide shade, help moderate the temperature, and protect animals from the wind. Plants and trees provide shelter to animals like squirrel and monkey.

MCQs

Question 2: Which part of the plant supplies water collected from the stem to the leaf ?
(a) Leaf blade

(b) Stomata

(c) Stalk

(d) Veins

Correct Answer is Option D

Plant veins provide structure and support to plant leaves while also transporting water, nutrients, and energy to the rest of the plant.


Question 3: Which of the following is responsible for green colour of the leaves?

(a) Midrib

(b) Leaf blade

(c) Stoma

(d) Chlorophyll

Correct Answer is Option  D. 

Chlorophyll gives plants their green color because it does not absorb the green wavelengths of white light. That particular light wavelength is reflected from the plant, so it appears green.


Question 4: Which of the following stores the food in leaves?
(a) Cauliflower

(b) Legumes

(c) Spinach

(d) Broccoli

Correct Answer is Option  C. 

Those plants that can store food in their leaves are -Cabbage, Lettuce,spinach etc. Some can store food in their stem like sugar cane.


Question 5: Which of the following is not required for photosynthesis?
(a) Water

(b) Sunlight

(c) Carbon dioxide

(d) Oxygen

Correct Answer is Option D.

Oxygen is not essential for the process of photosynthesis because oxygen is released in this process when plants utilize the raw materials i.e., carbon dioxide and water to produce sugars (glucose). Hence, it is not essential to carry out the process of photosynthesis.


Question 6: Venus flytrap has modified ______ to trap insects.
(a) stem

(b) roots 

(c) flowers

(d) leaves

Correct Answer is Option D.

The Venus flytrap is a remarkable example of adaptive evolution. Its leaves are modified to form trap organs that have the unique ability to snap shut and trap a fly or other small creature that may accidentally touch one of the trigger hair cells located on the inner surface of the trap.

Fill in the blanks.

Question 7: 

  • The Leaf blade is the flat part of a leaf.
  • The Stomata on the lower surface of leaves absorb carbon dioxide from air.
  • The extra food is stored in the for m of Starch in plants.
  • The leaves in cactus are reduced to Spines.
  • The Nepenthes has modified leaves in the for m of tubular pitcher-like structure with a lid.

EduRev Tips:

  • The flat part of a leaf is called the lamina (also known as the leaf blade).Most leaves have two main parts: (1) the blade and (2) the petiole, or leafstalk. The leaves of some kinds of plants also have a third part, called the stipules.
  • The small pores present on the lower surface of leaf are called stomata. Stomata absorb carbon dioxide from air for photosynthesis. Stomata facilitates exchange of gases and transpiration.
  • The main way that food is stored in plants is as starch. Starch is manufactured in the green leaves of plants from the extra glucose produced during photosynthesis and is stored in plants as a reserve food supply.
  • The leaves of a cactus have become spines to limit the loss of water through transpiration. The plant has to prevent water loss as there is very little rainfall in the areas of the cactus.
  • In Nepenthes (pitcher plant), the leaves are modified into pitchers to catch and digest the insects. The pitcher of Nepenthesls modified lamina. The apex of leaf is modified into lid which covers the opening of pitcher.

Match the following

Question 8:
Worksheet Solution: How Do Plants Make Their Food Notes | Study Science for Class 4 - Class 4

Stomata - Tine opening on the lower surface of the leaf. 

Stomata are minute openings found in the epidermis of leaves, stems and other plant organs. Stomata allow gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapour and oxygen to diffuse into and out of the internal tissues of the plant.

Potato - Stem that stores food

In potato and ginger plants, the food is stored in the underground parts. Ginger and potato are underground stems and the food is stored in them in the form of starch though it is prepared in the leaves.

Cuscuta - total parasite

Cuscuta are stem parasites that naturally graft to their host plants to extract water and nutrients; multiple adjacent hosts are often parasitized by one or more Cuscuta plants simultaneously, forming connected plant clusters.

Sundew - insectivorous plant 

Sundews are “flypaper” plants that trap prey in sticky hairs on their leaves. They make up one of the largest groups of carnivorous plants.

Chlorophyll - Absorption of energy from the sun

Most plants contain a special colored chemical or pigment called chlorophyll that is used in photosynthesis. Chlorophyll is what absorbs the sun's energy and turns it into chemical energy.

True & False

Question 9:

  • The energy from the sun is absorbed by green leaves with the help of chlorophyll. True
  • Animals depend directly or indirectly on plants for food. True
  • Insectivorous plants grow in soil rich in nutrients. False
  • During photosynthesis, plants give out carbon dioxide through the stomata. False
  • Croton plant appears red because it lacks chlorophyll. False

EduRev Tips: 

1. Most plants contain a special colored chemical or pigment called chlorophyll that is used in photosynthesis. Chlorophyll is what absorbs the sun's energy and turns it into chemical energy. 

2. Plants provide shelter and safety for animals. Plants also provide a place for animals to find other food, plants provide shade, help moderate the temperature, and protect animals from the wind. Plants and trees provide shelter to animals

3. Insectivorous plants take their nutrition by feeding on insects and other organisms. They need to be adapted to grow in places where the soil is thin or poor in nutrients. They're found within nitrogen deficient soil. 

4. During photosynthesis carbon dioxide is not released instead it produes oxygen. There are three components required for the photosynthesis to takes place, they are light energy, water and carbon dioxide.

5. The leaves of some plants like croton, have chlorophyll, but they appear dark red in colour. This is because the red pigment present in them hides the green colour of the chlorophyll.So such leaves can also make food by the proce


Answer the following questions in brief.

Question 10: Define photosynthesis.

Photosynthesis is the process in which green plants use sunlight to make their own food. Photosynthesis is necessary for life on Earth. Without it there would be no green plants, and without green plants there would be no animals. Photosynthesis requires sunlight, chlorophyll, water, and carbon dioxide gas.

Question 11: List any two plant parts that store food. Give two examples each.

Plants store their food in the form of starch in various parts of them. This starch can be stored in the leaves, stems, roots, flowers, fruits, and seeds of a plant. Those plants that can store food in their leaves are -Cabbage, Lettuce,spinach etc. Some can store food in their stem like sugar cane.

Question 12: Why do plants make their own food?

Plants are called producers because they make – or produce – their own food. Their roots take up water and minerals from the ground and their leaves absorb a gas called carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air. They convert these ingredients into food by using energy from sunlight.The foods are called glucose and starch.

Question 13: What is midrib? What is its function?

Midrib is the central, thicker, linear structure, which runs from the plant thallus or lamina, and the Midrib is usually seen in the true leaves, as the vein running from the leaf base to the apex, its main functions are to provide support and it is a translocative vessel.

Question 14: What are insectivorous plants? Give two examples.

Insectivorous means insect-eating, these plants derive most of their nutrition from the insects that they trap and consume. That is why they trap and digest insects to absorb nutrients. Venus flytrap, pitcher plant and cobra lily are some of the insectivorous plants' names. They are often called Carnivorous plants.


Answer the following questions in detail.

Question 15: What are the three things for which animals depend on plants? What are the three things for which plants depend on animals?

In order to survive, animals need air, water, food, and shelter. Plants provide shelter and safety for animals. Plants also provide a place for animals to find other food, plants provide shade, help moderate the temperature, and protect animals from the wind. Plants and trees provide shelter to animals. Whereas  When animals die they decompose and become natural fertilizer plants. Plants depend on animals for nutrients, pollination and seed dispersal.

Question 16: What happens during photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is the process in which green plants use sunlight to make their own food. Photosynthesis is necessary for life on Earth. Without it there would be no green plants, and without green plants there would be no animals. Photosynthesis requires sunlight, chlorophyll, water, and carbon dioxide gas.

Label the following parts of a leaf.

Question 17:
Worksheet Solution: How Do Plants Make Their Food Notes | Study Science for Class 4 - Class 4

1. Apex 
2. Margin 
3. Midrib 
4. Petiole

The document Worksheet Solution: How Do Plants Make Their Food Notes | Study Science for Class 4 - Class 4 is a part of the Class 4 Course Science for Class 4.
All you need of Class 4 at this link: Class 4
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